Report for Plymouth (Gurnet) Light Station (Massachusetts) - 1880

District: 2nd
Inspector: Engineer, 2nd & 3rd L.H. Districts
Location: On Gurnet Point, N side of entrance to Plymouth Harbor, MA
Date of Report: 04/03/1880
Latitude: 42° 00' 10"
Longitude: 70° 36' 03"
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: About 1.5 acres
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil: Loam clay & small rocks
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: 180'
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Post & rail fence SW side
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None on premises - but right of way to landing & use of same.
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: Good road down to landing & about 400 yards to same by road from tower.
Means to Reach Light Station: From Boston by Old Colony & Newport RR to Plymouth, thence by boat about 5 miles, to the light station.
Distance to Nearest Road: 5 miles to RR station at Plymouth.
Distance to Post Office: About 5 miles by water
Distance to Village: About 5 miles to Plymouth
Facilities for Public Conveyance: None
Facilities for Private Conveyance: By boat from Plymouth where there is a RR station.
Means Used for Support of Lantern: 2 towers
Number of Separate Lights: 2 - 31' 3" from center of one to center of other.
First Built or Established: 1769
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: 1856
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: Octagonal
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 35' 6"
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 102'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Sky
Color of Tower: White
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Whitewashed
Tower Connection: Detached
Object of Navigation: Harbor - both local & general
Building Materials: Wood - 8 corner posts 8" x 10"
General Description: Both shingled
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base: 20'
Diameter at Parapet: 9' 2"
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wood
Number of Landings: 2
Size of Glass: 9" x 12"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 3 in each tower, 1 sash each, 20" x 26" 4 high, each.
Number of Doors: 1 in each tower
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Stone
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Loam
Soil Susceptibility: It is protected by grass & rocks.
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern:
Diameter to Glass: 7' 2" each
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 16 each
Type of Bars:
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 48"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 1/4"
Size of Plates: 16" x 48"
Number of Storm Panes: None
Unglazed Side of Lantern: 1 plate
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Cast iron
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Cast iron
Ventilator / Cowl: Cast iron
Lightning Spindle: 3 points on top of lightning conductor
Description of Lightning Rod: Wrought iron, led up side of tower & lantern straight into the air.
Balustrade: 3 wrought iron posts, 3' high, 1.5" dia., 2 rails, round iron 7/8" dia.
Lantern Doors: Iron doors hung on hinges & fitted into one of the sides of the lantern - secured by latch.
Floor of Lantern: Cast iron
Watchroom Doors: No watchroom, cast iron trap door in the floor of lantern.
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: 1 circular ventilator in floor of lantern, around the base of pedestal.
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Hooks fastened to nuts on top of iron rim of lantern.
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker:
Year Made:
Marks and Number:
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter:
Light Characteristic: Fixed white
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: Fixed 270 degrees - from N by E'd to W.
Number of Panels: 4
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Cast iron
Service Table: Triangular iron table, fastened to pedestal
Draft Tube Description:
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Hains lamp, 1 wick
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 4
Number of Spare Burners:
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: 1 closet under stairway in N tower; fitted w/ shelves, used for paints, oils, etc.
Oil House Description: In base of S tower
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity: 61 - 5 gallon oil cans. Each can in case of wood.
Other (Describe): Closet in entry of dwelling upstairs, fitted w/ shelf & used for wicks, & small stores.
Suitability: Dry
Location: About W by N from towers, 272' (as Keeper goes)
Construction Materials: Wood
Number of Rooms: 6
Number of Dwellings: 1
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Old dwelling now used for wood house.
Outhouse Coloring:
Paths and Walks: None
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden: 1/8 acre
Area Timber or Shrubbery: None
Cultivation Area Available: About 1/4 acre
Area Cultivated: 1/8 acre
Character of Surroundings: Marsh sand beach - loam. fast ground around the lights.
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: From cistern by pump in kitchen
Quality: Good
Quantity: Not ample
Injury Possible: No
Purity Precaution: By cleaning out cistern
Tank Capacity: 920 gallons, in cellar
Tank Material: Brick & cement
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Healthy
Diseases: None
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements:
Access to Lighthouse: No wharf - land on beach at foot of hill - about W from lighthouse.
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Tools And Accessories
Lantern Curtains: 2 for each lantern
Lens Covers: 2 for each lantern
Damper Tube and Key:
Spare Damper and Key:
Carillon for Overflow Pump:
Time Marker:
Spare Lamp Ready for Use: 1 for each
Rod Lamp Ready for Use:
Curtain Hanger:
Spare Lamp Cover:
Lamp Stand:
Mechanical Lamp Cords:
Revolving Machinery Cords:
Revolving Machinery Weights:
Spare Fly Or Governor:
Gauge for Oil Cistern:
Feather Brushes: 4
Linen Towels: 12
Sponges: 4
Chamois Skins: 5
Scissors: 2 pair curved, 1 pair straight
Chimney Filters:
Coupling Pliers:
Service Box and Implements: 2
Cleaning Materials: Whiting & rouge powder
Keepers Aprons: 1