Report for Marblehead Ohio (Ohio) - 1909

District: 10th
Inspector: Chas. Bartlett, Chief Clerk and Norris Works, Supt
Location: On NE'ly end of Marblehead, W'ly part of Lake Erie, & S'ly side of entrance to channel btwn Kelleys & Bass Islands, & mainland
Date of Report: 02/03/1909
Latitude: 41° 32' 14"
Longitude: 82° 42' 43"
Site: Purchased, lot - consideration $277.45; right of way $100.00
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 08/22/1821
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: Lot = 3.1 acres; right of way 20' x 500' = 0.23 acres.
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil: Stony
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: 48'
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Wire fence with iron posts, placed in 1886 on line of survey of 1885.
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By L.S. & M.S. RR on Lake Shore Electric RR to Sandusky, OH & Lake Side to Marblehead RR to Marblehead OH (1 mi from light station.) By Toledo, Port Clinton & Lake side Electric RR from Toledo, OH. By steamers from Sandusky, OH, where not prevented by ice
Distance to Nearest Road: 1/2 mile to RR station & steamboat landing
Distance to Post Office: 1 mile to Marblehead, OH proper
Distance to Village: In corporation of Marblehead
Facilities for Public Conveyance: By Toledo, Port Clinton, & Lake Side Electric RR from Toledo. Lake Side & Marblehead Ry connects at Marblehead junction with L.S. & M.S. Ry steamer from Sandusky.
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Tower
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 1821
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: Lantern from Erie Main light substituted in 1900
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: Circular
Form of Tower: Conical
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 73' 9"
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 73' 6"
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Trees
Color of Tower: White, with black lantern
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Whitewash & white paint
Tower Connection: Detached
Object of Navigation: Lake coast
Building Materials: Rubble stone masonry, lined with brick.
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 9' with large air space
Wall Thickness at Parapet: 16"
Diameter at Base: 8' interior, 26' exterior
Diameter at Parapet: 12' 10"
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Circular cast iron
Number of Landings: 2
Size of Glass: 14" x 28"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 4 in tower, 4 lts, 14" x 28" 2 watchroom, 2 lts 14" x 28"
Number of Doors: 1
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Stone foundation rests on bed rock
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Clay loam
Soil Susceptibility: Good soil
Miscellaneous Remarks: Lantern on this tower was taken from the Erie (Main) light tower in 1900. Station has telephone connections with Marblehead.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 3rd
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass: 8' 6"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 10
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 69 5/8"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 1/4" - 5/16"
Size of Plates: 31 1/4" x 69 5/8" all same size
Number of Storm Panes: None
Unglazed Side of Lantern: None
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Iron
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Iron frame, copper roof, lined with zinc
Ventilator / Cowl: Copper
Lightning Spindle: Iron pinnacle, platinum point
Description of Lightning Rod: Cast iron stairs form conductor.
Balustrade: Iron
Lantern Doors: 1 outside wrought iron door. Inside door of wood in 2 leaves.
Floor of Lantern: Cast iron
Watchroom Doors: No door. Circular iron stairway from watchroom.
Parapet Diameter: 7' 9"
Location / Number: 5 cast iron, with brass revolving discs.
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: 1 iron
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Brass hooks screwed into lantern posts.

How is Watchroom Fitted: 2 closets & a cleaning table.
How is Relief Called:
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus: 4 hr.
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Barbier, Benard, Turenne Paris
Year Made:
Marks and Number: None
Order of Apparatus: 3rd order small size
Inside Diameter: 29.5" btwn center of bullseye. Diam. Bullseye about 48"
Light Characteristic: Flashing white every 10 sec
Time of Revolution: 20 sec
Flash Interval: 10 sec
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels: 2 bullseyes
Number of Flash Panels: 2
Arc of Each: 180 degrees
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum:
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum:
Does Apparatus Revolve?: True
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced: By whole apparatus revolving
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Built with 4 columns, clockwork inclosed in top.
Service Table: None
Draft Tube Description: Russia iron drum & tube.
Revolving Machinery: Clockwork
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls: Balls
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube: 57' on N'ly side of tower.
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time: 4 hr.
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection: Brass case, glazed on top of pedestal.
Regulated: Fan governor
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: 2nd order with constant level float feed.
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 1 complete
Number of Spare Burners:
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: 2 on landing under lantern floor
Oil House Description: Circular iron, lined with brick & fitted with iron shelves, 10' SW from tower. Not used.; Square red, iron oil house, lined with brick & fitted with iron shleves, 21' SW from tower.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity: 225 cap. (not used); 600 gal.
Other (Describe): 2 on 2nd landing of circular iron stairs of tower.
Suitability: Dry, suited.
Location: 1, about 75' SW from tower.
Coloring: Light lead, with dark lead trimmings.
Construction Materials: Wood
Number of Rooms: 7 & cellar
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1 keeper, 1 asst. keeper
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Barn, 16' x 22', 14 posts sharp roof 1/2 pitch. Combined wood house & privy 12' x 16", 8' posts; Ice house has been moved & attached to barn & now used as carriage house, 16' x 16', 14' posts; Boat house 10' x 30', 10' posts.
Outhouse Coloring: Light lead with dark lead trimmings. Boat house, whitewashed.
Paths and Walks: Cement walk, tower to oil house, well & dwelling & from dwelling to fuel house & barn.
Area Inclosed: 3.1 acres - Wire fence on SW & NW sides, lake on NE & SE
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery: 1 acre, remainder is rocky.
Cultivation Area Available: 1/4 acre
Area Cultivated: None
Character of Surroundings: Land good, arable.
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: Well & cistern
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: Not liable
Purity Precaution:
Tank Capacity: 30 brls, in cellar under sitting room.
Tank Material: Stone & cement. Pump in kitchen connected with cistern
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description: 11' deep
Well Diameter: 3'
Well Lining: Dug thru rock
Pump or Bucket: Pump
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling: 60'
General Opinion: Healthfulness
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements: Keeper repts "sewer pipe runs on from dwelling for about 25' S & then discharges into a seam in rock. It gets stopped up occasionally & might back up & discharge into well".