Report for Long Island Head Light Station (Massachusetts) - 1880

District: 2nd
Inspector: Engineer, 2nd & 3rd L.H. Districts
Location: On E end of Long Island. Boston Harbor, MA
Date of Report: 04/03/1880
Latitude: 42° 19' 46"
Longitude: 70° 57' 23"
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: By old deed about 3 acres. Taken few feet all but about 10,000 sq. ft.
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil: Loam & clay
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: 338'
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Post & strip board fence around premises.
Wharf or Landing on Premises: Land on beach near boathouse.
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: Hard road to landing, very steep hill - 1242' from tower.
Means to Reach Light Station: By boat. 3 months in summer by steamboat - when she runs from Boston to the Island.
Distance to Nearest Road: 3 miles by boat to land at S Boston Point
Distance to Post Office: 5 miles to Boston where keeper gets mail.
Distance to Village: 2.5 miles to Hull
Facilities for Public Conveyance: By steamboat 3 month in summer
Facilities for Private Conveyance: From Boston - where keeper gets his provisions it is 5 miles. He generally goes up in the lighthouse boat.
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Tower
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 1819
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: Refitted 1855
Condition at This Date: Small tower
Shape of Tower in Plan: Round
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 28.5'
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 121'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Sky
Color of Tower: White
Color of Tower/ How Produced: By paint
Tower Connection: Joins dwelling
Object of Navigation: Harbor
Building Materials: Cast iron & bricks
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 1' 11"
Wall Thickness at Parapet: 5"
Diameter at Base: 9' 10"
Diameter at Parapet: 6' 3"
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Cast iron stairs
Number of Landings: 1
Size of Glass: No tower windows
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: None
Number of Doors: 1
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Granite about 3'
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Loam & gravel
Soil Susceptibility: Protected by grass.
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern:
Diameter to Glass: 7.5'
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 16
Type of Bars:
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 4'
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 1/4"
Size of Plates: 16.5" x 48"
Number of Storm Panes: None
Unglazed Side of Lantern: 1 side of plan or 1 plate
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Cast iron
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Cast iron
Ventilator / Cowl: Cast iron
Lightning Spindle: None
Description of Lightning Rod: None
Balustrade: 8 cast iron posts, 3' high, 1 1/4" dia., w/ round rail at top, 5/8" iron & lower rail 1" x 1/4" parapet 1' 8"
Lantern Doors: Cast iron hung on hinges & fastened w/ latch fitted in one of lantern.
Floor of Lantern: Cast iron
Watchroom Doors: Trap door in floor of lantern
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: 1 circular ventilator in floor of lantern, around base of pedestal.
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None required
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Hooks fastened w/ screws to upper ring of lantern.
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker:
Year Made:
Marks and Number:
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter:
Light Characteristic: Fixed white
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: Arc 270 degrees. From W by N'd around to S.
Number of Panels: 4
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Cast iron
Service Table: Triangular, iron table fastened to pedestal
Draft Tube Description: Sheet iron - dia. 2" - no damper.
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Hains lamp, 1 wick
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 2
Number of Spare Burners: None
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: None
Oil House Description: A large closet in back room - once used for a cellarway.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity: 3 - 50 gallon oil butts (not in use); 30 - 5 gallon oil cans, in cases for kerosene oil.; 2 oil butts in tower floor & 1 in back room near tower (not used).
Other (Describe): 1 portable closet in back room - fitted w/ shelves & used for small stores for lamps.
Suitability: Dry
Location: N corner of back room joins tower.
Construction Materials: An old stone house
Number of Rooms: 6
Number of Dwellings: 1
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: 1 barn, 1 woodshed.
Outhouse Coloring:
Paths and Walks: Plank walks in ground from dwelling to outhouses.
Area Inclosed: About 10,000 sq. ft. enclosed by strip board fence.
Area of Garden: None
Area Timber or Shrubbery: None
Cultivation Area Available: None
Area Cultivated: None
Character of Surroundings: Fast ground.
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: From cistern & well
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: No
Purity Precaution: By cleaning out cistern
Tank Capacity: 872 gallons, in cellar
Tank Material: Bricks & cement
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description: 50' deep
Well Diameter: 3.5'
Well Lining: Lined up w/ cobble stone
Pump or Bucket: Bucket
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling: 26.5'
General Opinion: Healthy
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements: No
Access to Lighthouse: Land on a gravel beach, no wharf. Boathouse 21 x 12 & 7.5 posts - stands in 6 piles & is over the water at 1/2 flood tide. A plank walk from boathouse to beach.
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Tools And Accessories
Lantern Curtains: 2 sets
Lens Covers: 2
Damper Tube and Key:
Spare Damper and Key:
Carillon for Overflow Pump:
Time Marker:
Spare Lamp Ready for Use: 1
Rod Lamp Ready for Use:
Curtain Hanger:
Spare Lamp Cover:
Lamp Stand:
Mechanical Lamp Cords:
Revolving Machinery Cords:
Revolving Machinery Weights:
Spare Fly Or Governor:
Gauge for Oil Cistern:
Feather Brushes: 1
Linen Towels: 6
Sponges: 1
Chamois Skins: 2
Scissors: 4
Chimney Filters:
Coupling Pliers:
Service Box and Implements: 1 of tin
Cleaning Materials: Soap - whiting, rouge & spirits of wine
Keepers Aprons: 2