Report for Huron (Ohio) - 1909

District: 10th
Inspector: Chas. Bartlett, Chief Clerk & Norris Works, Supt.
Location: On W Pier, center 30' 2 1/4" from outer end & 15' 2 1/8" from channel face of concrete pierhead, entrance to Huron Harbor, OH., S'ly shore of W'ly part of Lake Erie. Total length of W Pier = 1830'.
Date of Report: 02/03/1909
Latitude: 41° 24' 10"
Longitude: 82° 32' 48"
Site: Light on US Pier; Dwelling on purchased property
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 09/30/1838
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: Dwelling site - 0.8 acres
Area Inclosed: 0.8 acres
Character of Soil: Sandy loam over clay.
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: Tower on Pier - Dwelling site 179'
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Board fence about dwelling site. At tower: concrete parapet on NW, NE & SE sides of pierhead deck, 3' high. A 2" pipe railing 3" high on SW side of pierhead.
Wharf or Landing on Premises: Tower stands on W Pier, steps in SE corner of Pierhead, down to water.
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: Main St. Huron terminates at S'ly end of W pier & a good stone walk in Main St. leads to river end of pier.
Means to Reach Light Station: Beacon reached by walking to N end Main St. thence at W Pier 1780' to pierhead, last 630' may be traversed on steel plank type of elevated walk, erected August & Sept. 1907.
Distance to Nearest Road: From tower about 3/5 mile to station of Lake Shore Elect. RR & about 1 mile to station of L.S. & M.S. RR.
Distance to Post Office: In village
Distance to Village: In village
Facilities for Public Conveyance: Bi-hourly cars on Lake Shore Electric RR from Cleveland to Sandusky - trains of L.S. & M.S. RR
Facilities for Private Conveyance: Walk
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Iron skeleton tower incased with wood & metal shingles.
Number of Separate Lights: One
First Built or Established: 1835
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: 1900 & 1907
Condition at This Date: 1st class
Shape of Tower in Plan: Square
Form of Tower: Pyramidal
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 35' 7 1/8"
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 48' 5"
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Immediate background is liable to be dark smoke from wheeling of Lake Erie Cab & Ore docks, which are located on E side Huron River, entrance background trees.
Color of Tower: White, black lantern
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Detached - distant about 2500' in village of Huron.
Object of Navigation: Harbor light, marks end of W pier.
Building Materials: Iron, portion below watchroom was originally open skeleton iron work, skeleton portion was inclosed with wood in 1900 & covered with metal shingles.
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 5 1/4"
Wall Thickness at Parapet: Lantern parapet 5 7/16"
Diameter at Base: 10' 3" x 10' 4 1/4"
Diameter at Parapet: 6' 6 7/8" sq.
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Iron circular to watchroom - Iron ladder up to lantern.
Number of Landings: 1 intermediate at watchroom
Size of Glass: 1 window, 4 lts. 10" x 10", sash, 23" x 22" - 2 windows, 1 light sash 30" x 26"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: Numerous small colored lights about side of sash
Number of Doors: 1 outside
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Concrete base shoring solid, 3' high, resting on concrete deck 18" thick, which rests on stone filling of pierhead on crib.
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: None at tower
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Concrete pierhead & concrete outer portion of W pier extension were built in season 1906- 1907 by US engineers. Concrete deck & parapet placed by USLHE in 1907 & light tower moved out about 296' from its former posn, July 16 to Aug. 3, 1907
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass: 5' 7.5"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 6
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 36"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 5/16"
Size of Plates: 35 3/4" x 38 3/4"
Number of Storm Panes: None
Unglazed Side of Lantern: None
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Iron
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Iron lined with zinc
Ventilator / Cowl: Iron
Lightning Spindle: Iron spindle, point covered down about 3' with brass, apparently plated with tin.
Description of Lightning Rod: Of about 1" copper cable attached to iron framing of tower at SW corner led down concrete foundation thence horizontally thru concrete of pierhead deck & attached to 4" iron water pipe leading vertically down into water at 17' SW from SW corner of tower.
Balustrade: Iron
Lantern Doors: Iron door on S'ly or shore side, in parapet below glass, requiring a creeping posture for exit to balcony deck.
Floor of Lantern: Cast iron
Watchroom Doors: Iron trap
Parapet Diameter: 5' 2 5/8"
Location / Number: 5 brass working ventilator discs.
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Iron screw heads screwed into lantern posts.

How is Watchroom Fitted: Small closet in corner
How is Relief Called: None
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: L. Sautter & Co.
Year Made:
Marks and Number:
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter: 1' 7 5/8"
Light Characteristic: Fixed white
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: Fixed white, arc 270 degrees seen from lake, bearing N 82 degrees E by N to N 8 degrees W; Azimuth 82 degrees to 352 degrees.
Number of Panels: 3 panels of 90 degrees = 270 degrees & 1 panel reflector 90 degrees.
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Cast iron, 3' 1.5" high 15" dia. at top, 12" at base on floor
Service Table: Iron
Draft Tube Description: Smoke conductor of brass, 18" long, screwed to lens ring, dia. 2.5"
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: 4th order with 5 d.g. tank
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 3
Number of Spare Burners: None
Candle Power:

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 1 wick
Diameter of Outside Wick: 1.5" dia
Diameter of Mantel:
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: Small corner closet in room below lantern, "watch room" for lamps etc.,
Oil House Description: Round iron oil house 8' outside dia. located on pierhead near W'ly corner, side of oil house 16' 4" from W'ly corner tower
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity: 72 5-gal cans (cases measure 12" x 12" x 14")
Other (Describe): Office in dwelling (former oil room) serves as storeroom for some supplies
Location: In village of Huron, about 2500' from beacon, fronts on Wall St. & lot extends from Main St. to Williams St. NE corner of lot about 600' from inner end of W Pier.
Coloring: White, trimmed with lead color
Construction Materials: Wood on stone foundation, kitchen has brick foundation.
Number of Rooms: 3 on 2nd floor, 3 on 1st, also kitchen, & office. A cellar under kitchen
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Combined privy & woodshed 12' 3" x 16' 3". tight brick vault for privy. This is a poor combination as wood shed is a bad smelling place.
Outhouse Coloring: White, lead colored trim.
Paths and Walks: Cement walk from Wall St. to front entrance around to side entrance 4' cement walk on whole of Wll St. frontage - 218.7 lin. ft. & on whole of Main St. frontage - 137.3 lin. ft.
Area Inclosed: All inclosed with good board fence, 4 boards & cap board, painted white.
Area of Garden: None
Area Timber or Shrubbery: 41 fruit & shade trees
Cultivation Area Available: Soil is rather sandy & W'ly portion of lot, which is available, is too low & wet.
Area Cultivated: None
Character of Surroundings: Underlying stratus of country are of very heavy clay, red & heavy blue. Surface is a sandy clay loam.
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker: Gould
Pump, Size:
How Procured: At dwelling from well & cistern
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: No
Purity Precaution: Rain water discharge directly into cistern from roof.
Tank Capacity: In cellar - 6' 10" x 6' 10" x 4' 5" = 1543 gal.
Tank Material: Brick - in good condition
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description: 16'
Well Diameter: 3'
Well Lining: Bricked up
Pump or Bucket: Iron pumps for cistern & well
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling: Cistern under kitchen, well 14.5' N from NE corner of kitchen
General Opinion: In the early days the country was full of feces and ague. It is now healthy
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements: Cellar was very wet at some seasons until a 6" tile drain was placed a few years ago, leading from bottom of cellar N to Wall St. thence thru Wall St. & across Main St. discharging into Huron River.
Access to Lighthouse: Beacon stands on outer end of W Pier, is reached by walking from dwelling on shore.
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Drainage from kitchen sink discharges thru 4" vit. tile drain leading 53' S'ly from SE corner of house, into brick leeching cesspool, 6' dia., 2' 6" depp, below inlet, total depth below river, 5', brick arched with cement slab to cover 15" cir. opening.