Report for Hilton Head Range Rear (South Carolina) - 1914

District: 6th
Inspector: F. P. Dillon, Asst. Supt.
Location: On the southeast shore of Hilton Head Island about 1 mile, 284.25 degrees true from the front light.
Date of Report: 02/19/1914
Latitude: 32° 09' 52"
Longitude: 80° 44' 17"
Site: Purchase for taxes by US in 1863, title clouded. Purchased from Linda Reddick.
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 03/01/1891
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 3/4 acre.
Area Inclosed: 3/4 acre
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark:
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Wooden picket fence with concret posts.
Wharf or Landing on Premises:
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: 6" x 6" metalled pile wharf, 2" decking.
Means to Reach Light Station: Tender is the only satisfactory way.
Distance to Nearest Road:
Distance to Post Office: Savannah PO distant 35 miles.
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Tower.
Number of Separate Lights: 2
First Built or Established: 1881
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: 1913
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 92 feet.
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Upper part of rear against sky, lower part woods.
Color of Tower: White
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint.
Tower Connection: Detached.
Object of Navigation: Range for general harbor navigation.
Building Materials: Pyramidal Cast iron skeleton , steel inclouing stair cylinder.
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Winding cast iron.
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass: 10" x 12"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 6-2 light single.
Number of Doors: Storm & entrance, 1 each. 2' 9" x 7' 2".
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface:
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 5th
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass:
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 6
Type of Bars: None.
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 36"
Number of Plates in Height: None.
Number of Plates Each Side: None.
Thickness of Plates: 3/16"
Size of Plates:
Number of Storm Panes:
Unglazed Side of Lantern: 300 degrees
What Bearings: 254.25 & 314.25 degrees
Construction Material Lantern: Wood sheathing all round except range side.
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Tin wood sheathed.
Ventilator / Cowl: Copper.
Lightning Spindle: 1/2" steel pipe.
Description of Lightning Rod:
Balustrade: Steel hand rail. tin floor.
Lantern Doors: Large batten hinged.
Floor of Lantern: Wood.
Watchroom Doors: Trap in floor.
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: Lower part of lantern.
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: Glass accessible with out ladder.
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Screwed into upper part of lantern frame.

How is Watchroom Fitted: Lockers.
How is Relief Called: None.
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles: 3100
Name of Maker: Phila. Loco. Headlitht Works.
Year Made: Unknown.
Marks and Number: None.
Order of Apparatus: 5th.
Inside Diameter:
Light Characteristic: Fixed white.
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels:
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum:
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum:
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description:
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Refl. , Old style
Type of Illuminant: Oil
Number of Spare Lamps: 1
Number of Spare Burners: 1
Candle Power:

Parabolic Mirror
Parabolic Opening: 22"
Parabolic Mirror Depth: 13.75"
Parabolic Focal Length: 2 7/8"
Parabolic Material: Copper, silver plated.
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: Lockers with shelves & glass doors.
Oil House Description: At rear light enclosure, racks for cans.
Oil House Inside Dimension: 9' x 11' 2"
Oil House Construction Material: Brick, wood rafters, tin roof.
Oil House Capacity: 192 cans on the racks, 48 extras on top.
Other (Describe): 1 closet each dwelling, shelves & hooks. Storehouse each enclsure, shelves, all used for official purposes.
Suitability: Dry, suitable.
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: None.
Time to Start:
How Long Will Pressure Last:
Year of Manufacture:
Timing Device:
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown:
Height Above Water:
Compass Direction:
Distance and Direction:
Water Supply:
Reached from Lighthouse:
Description of Fog Signal Building:
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Location: West by North
Coloring: White
Construction Materials: Wood.
Number of Rooms: 3
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1 each
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Asst. Keeper; privy & wooden storehouse; Keeper; stable, privy, storehouse & kitchen.
Outhouse Coloring: White
Paths and Walks: None
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available: None.
Area Cultivated: None.
Character of Surroundings: Wooded, sandy soil; fast ground.
Stove, Maker: Economist
Stove, Size: No. 8
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker: Gould
Pump, Size: No. 2
Lamps: 1 tubular stand lamp, tin hand lamp & hand lantern each
How Procured: Cisterns, 1 under each keeper's dwelling
Quality: Good.
Quantity: Yes.
Injury Possible: Not liable.
Purity Precaution: Cistens are regularly washed & cleaned out.
Tank Capacity: 3500 gals. each.
Tank Material: Brick
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket: Pump
What Power Used: Hand.
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Not considered a very helthful station.
Diseases: Malaria
Prevalency: Summer
Local Causes: Swamps & stagnant water.
Recommended Improvements: No.
Access to Lighthouse: 200' long x 4' wide, 6" x 6" metalled piles, 10 ft. Center to center, 2" decking.
Distance and Direction: 1.5 miles north.
Miscellaneous Remarks: