Report for Hilton Head Range Front Range (South Carolina) - 1914

District: 6th
Inspector: F.P. Dillon, Asst. Supt.
Location: On the Southeast shore of Hilton Head Island, SC.
Date of Report: 02/19/1914
Latitude: 32° 09' 36"
Longitude: 80° 43' 08"
Site: Purchase for taxes by US in 1963, title clouded. Purchased from Linda Reddick.
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 03/01/1891
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 1/4 acre
Area Inclosed: 1/4 acre
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: 300 feet.
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Wooden pciket fence with concrete posts.
Wharf or Landing on Premises: 6" x 6" metalled pile wharf, 2" decking
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: Tender is the only satisfactory way.
Distance to Nearest Road:
Distance to Post Office: Savannah PO is 35 miles distant.
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Tower
Number of Separate Lights: 1 front & 1 rear
First Built or Established: 1881
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: 1913
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 32 feet
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Against woods.
Color of Tower: White
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Detached.
Object of Navigation: Range for general harbor navigation.
Building Materials: Cast iron skeleton, wood house & stairs.
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Winding wooden
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass: 10" x 12"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 3-4 light double, 2-3 light single.
Number of Doors: 1- 2' 1.25" x 6' 1"
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface:
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th order
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass:
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 9
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 36"
Number of Plates in Height: 1
Number of Plates Each Side: 1
Thickness of Plates: 3/16"
Size of Plates:
Number of Storm Panes:
Unglazed Side of Lantern: None.
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Wood sheathing inside & out below glass.
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Sheet copper, zinc linned.
Ventilator / Cowl: Cast iron.
Lightning Spindle: Copper cable
Description of Lightning Rod:
Balustrade: Wood, tin floor
Lantern Doors: Small double hinged below glassed portion
Floor of Lantern: Wood.
Watchroom Doors: Opens into winding stair.
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: Lower part of lantern.
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: Glass accessible without ladder.
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Screwed into upper part of lantern frame.

How is Watchroom Fitted: Lockers.
How is Relief Called: None.
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles: 520 cp
Name of Maker: Henry Lepaute, Phila Loco. headlt. Wks.
Year Made: Unknown
Marks and Number: None.
Order of Apparatus: 4th.
Inside Diameter: 19 5/8"
Light Characteristic:
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: 180 degrees
Number of Panels: 2
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description:
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: 4th Funk-Heap
Type of Illuminant: Oil
Number of Spare Lamps: 2
Number of Spare Burners: 2
Candle Power:

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 1 wick
Diameter of Outside Wick: 1.5"
Diameter of Mantel:
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: Lockers with shelves & glass doors.
Oil House Description: At rear light enclosure, racks for cans.
Oil House Inside Dimension: 9' x 11' 2"
Oil House Construction Material: Brick, wood rafters, tin roof
Oil House Capacity: 192 cons on the racks, 48 extra on top.
Other (Describe): 1 closet each dwelling, shelves & hooks. Storehouse each enclosure, shelves, all used for offical purposes.
Suitability: Dry, suitable.
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: None
Time to Start:
How Long Will Pressure Last:
Year of Manufacture:
Timing Device:
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown:
Height Above Water:
Compass Direction:
Distance and Direction:
Water Supply:
Reached from Lighthouse:
Description of Fog Signal Building:
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Location: West by North
Coloring: White
Construction Materials: Wood
Number of Rooms: 3
Number of Dwellings: 1
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Asst. Keeper: privy & wooden storehouse; Keeper; stable, privy, storehouse & kitchen.
Outhouse Coloring: All white.
Paths and Walks: None.
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available: None.
Area Cultivated: None.
Character of Surroundings: Wooded, sandy soil; fast ground.
Stove, Maker: Economist
Stove, Size: No. 8
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker: Gould
Pump, Size: No. 2
Lamps: 1 tubular stand lamp, tin hand lamp & hand lantern, each.
Assistant Keepers Dwellings
Construction Materials:
Number of Rooms:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers:
Outhouse Coloring:
Paths and Walks:
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available:
Area Cultivated:
Character of Surroundings:
Stove, Maker: Economist
Stove, Size: No. 118-8
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker: Gould
Pump, Size: No. 2
Lamps: Same as Keeper.
How Procured: Cisterns, 1 under each deeper's dwelling.
Quality: Good.
Quantity: Yes.
Injury Possible: Not liable.
Purity Precaution: Cisterns are regularly washed & cleaned out.
Tank Capacity: 3500 gal. each.
Tank Material: Brick
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket: Pump
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Not concidered a very healthful station.
Diseases: Malaria
Prevalency: Summer.
Local Causes: Sewamps & stagnant water.
Recommended Improvements: No.
Access to Lighthouse: 200' long x 4' wide, 6" x 6" metalled piles, 10 ft. c. to c. 2" decking.
Distance and Direction: 1.5 miles north
Miscellaneous Remarks: