Report for Ashtabula Harbor (Ohio) - 1918

District: 10th
Inspector: G. R. Kitchens
Location: On pierhead at N end of breakwater on W side of entrance to harbor
Date of Report: 12/21/1918
Latitude: N 41° 55' 6.5"
Longitude: W 80° 47' 45.4"
Site: Light on US pierhead in navigable waters of US. Dwelling on purchased site.
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 08/01/1878
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: (Dwelling site 98' x 330') 0.74 acres
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: Tower is on W breakwater
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence:
Wharf or Landing on Premises: Iron landing ladder on side pierhead.
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By boat 1 1/4 miles thence walk 2 blocks to Ashtabula Harbor P.O. (Dwelling located ashore)
Distance to Nearest Road:
Distance to Post Office:
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: White cylindrical tower on square house
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established:
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: Moved to present location & enlarged 1917
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 51' above mean lake level
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Heavy smoke, iron ore docks, steel hoisting & conveying machinery
Color of Tower: White
Color of Tower/ How Produced:
Tower Connection: Tower on N end of W breakwater, dwellings ashore.
Object of Navigation: Entrance to Ashtabula Harbor
Building Materials: Iron plate on structural frame
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Iron
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass: 14" dia. port lights for watchroom (No 4); 9 basement windows 19" x 5" 2 panes each;
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 1st story 8 windows 28" sq.; 2nd story 7 - 23 3/4" x 27 3/4"; 2 - 12" x 42"; Sashes: 1st story: 8 - 2' 8 3/4" x 2' 8", 8 - 2' 7.5" x 2' 8"; 2nd story: 7 - 2' 3.5" x 2' 8", 7 - 2' 5.5" x 2' 8", 2 - 15.5" x 16", 2 - 16" x 17"; basement 9 - 1.5' x 2' 4"
Number of Doors: 3 - 2' 6"x7'; 3 - 2' 6"x6' 8"; 1 - 2' 8"x6' 8"; 2 - 2'x7' each 1 3/4"w
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface:
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Structure well adapted for this exposed location.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern: Cylindrical
Diameter to Glass:
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides:
Type of Bars: Helical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 2' 11 3/4"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side:
Thickness of Plates: 1/4"
Size of Plates:
Number of Storm Panes:
Unglazed Side of Lantern: None
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Cast iron with brass fittings
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Cast iron (conical)
Ventilator / Cowl: Cast iron with wire screen over ventilator holes.
Lightning Spindle: Brass with platinum point.
Description of Lightning Rod:
Balustrade: Cast iron deck, wrought iron rail 1 3/4" x 1/2" x 3' 2.5"
Lantern Doors: Cast iron upper portion glazed, brass hinges & locking device.
Floor of Lantern: Cast iron
Watchroom Doors: 7/32" plate iron trap door in 2 sections, heavy brass spring hinges to balance weight of door.
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: 4 thru cast iron parapet protected by perforated brass plate outside regulated by compress valve.
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: 12 curtains on metal roller supported by brass hangers screwed to soffit lining.

How is Watchroom Fitted: Cylindrical, 9' 11.5" dia. 4 port lights provided with screens in brass frames, iron winding step ladder up to lantern, iron trap door in floor in 2 sec., with brass hinges. cupboard with shelf 20.5" x 3' 6"
How is Relief Called: None
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus: 6 hours
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: General Lighthouse Depot
Year Made: No mark
Marks and Number: None
Order of Apparatus: 4th order 360 degrees
Inside Diameter: 1' 7 3/8"
Light Characteristic:
Time of Revolution: 30 sec.
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels: 6
Number of Flash Panels: 6
Arc of Each: 60 degrees
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 3
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 6
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: True
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description:
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls: Mercury float
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube: 11" dia. 30' long
Clock Weight: 80 lbs
Length of Winding Time: 6 hours
Drive During Rewind: Yes
Machinery Protection: Glass case
Regulated: Weighted centrifugal governor. Lens is supported on 1000 lb mercury float
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: 4th 35 mm type A
Type of Illuminant: Oil vapor
Number of Spare Lamps:
Number of Spare Burners:
Candle Power: Lamp 600, light 14000

Clock Cord Description
Revolving Cord:
Size of Clock Cord: 1/8"
Length of Clock Cord: 240'
How Led: 2 part lead
Diameter and Length of Clock Drum: 6 7/8" x 7 7/8"

Chariot Balls
Balls Description: Semi-circular
Cage to Separate Balls: False
Number of Balls:
Diameter of Balls: 1/2" & 5/8"

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 1 mantel
Diameter of Outside Wick:
Diameter of Mantel: 35mm
Diameter of Circum Circle:

Mercury Float
Inside Diameter of Trough: 20"
Inside Depth of Trough: 8 1/16"19 7/8"
Outside Diameter of Float: 8 1/8"
Depth of Float:
Weight of Mercury in Pounds:
How Often is Mercury Renewed: Has not been renewed since installation
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: None
Oil House Description: 3 tanks stored in basement
Oil House Inside Dimension: 4' x 7' 6"
Oil House Construction Material: 3/16" steel
Oil House Capacity: 704.9 gal each tank = total capac. of 21147 gal.
Other (Describe): Storeroom in basement 6' 9" x 7' 9" concrete walls & floor.
Suitability: Suitable for purpose.
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: Type "F" Diaphone
Time to Start: 5 minutes
How Long Will Pressure Last: 9.5 minutes
Year of Manufacture:
Characteristic: 2 sec blast every 18 sec.
Duplication: Engines, compressors, & diaphones.
Timing Device: Driven by a "Spiro" Air Motor Mfg by Buffalo Forge Co.
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown: 35 lbs
Height Above Water: 40'
Compass Direction: N
Location: In lighthouse structure
Distance and Direction:
Water Supply: Lake Erie
Reached from Lighthouse:
Description of Fog Signal Building: Rectangular steel bldg.
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Internal Combustion Signal
Fog Signal Kind:
Internal Combustion Kind: Chicago Pneumatic Oil
Internal Combustion Manufacturer: Chicago Pneumatic Tool Co.
Internal Combustion Date: None
Internal Combustion Size: 12" x 7.5" x 12"
Internal Combustion Horsepower: 28
Internal Combustion Fuel: Mineral oil
Internal Combustion Starter: By air & hand
Compressor Maker: No date; No. 1 unit shop No. 6496. No 2 unit Shop No. 6494 Made by Chicago Pneumatic Tool Co.
Compressor Seat: Comps & Engs are on 1 bed & driven by 1 piston rod
Compressor Machinery: Double acting plate valve 4" inlet 4" discharge valves & 4" discharge pipe
Compressor Diameter:
Compressor Stroke:
Compressor RPMs:
Character of Air Inlet:
Kind of Unloader:
Diameter of Delivery Pipe:

Trumpet Signal
Trumpet: Resonator
Trumpet Length: 4' 6.5"
Trumpet Diameter: 17"
Trumpet Material: Cast iron
Location: Dwelling for 2 keepers located about 1 1/8 miles on shore
Coloring: Colonial red
Construction Materials: Wood
Number of Rooms: 6 rooms each
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1 keeper
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: 2 storage shed
Outhouse Coloring: Colonial red
Paths and Walks: Concrete walks
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available: None
Area Cultivated: About 2000 sq. ft.
Character of Surroundings: Sandy
Stove, Maker: Detroit Stove Works, Detroit MI (2)
Stove, Size: Standard Gas range (2)
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size: 1' 8" x 2' 6" (2)
Pump, Maker: City water
Pump, Size:
Lamps: Gas lights
How Procured: Pumped from Lake Erie
Quality: Dirty
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: No
Purity Precaution:
Tank Capacity: Iron tank in lighthouse, 868 gal.
Tank Material: Iron tank & cement cistern
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Good
Diseases: None
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements: No
Boat #1
Boat Number: 123
Type: Motor Boat
Length: 6' 5"
Width: 23' 8"
When Built: 1917
Date Harbored at Station: June 1911
Sails: False
Suited to Work: Yes
Boat #2
Boat Number: 0
Type: Row Flat bottom
Length: 3' 6"
Width: 16'
When Built: Not known
Date Harbored at Station: Not known
Sails: False
Suited to Work: No

Power Boat
Engine Type: 2 cylinder, 2 cycle
Horsepower: 12
Engine Maker: J.W. Lathrop Co. No. 16483
Spare Coil: None
Battery: 6 dry cells Columbier
Propeller Diameter: 21"
Propeller Pitch: 24"

General Information:
Boats on Station: Any available place