Report for Cleveland West Pier (Ohio) - 1909

District: 10th
Inspector: Chas. C. Bartlett & Norris M. Works
Location: On W pier, center 16.5' from its outer end, entrance to Cuyahoga River, Cleveland Harbor, OH., S'ly shore of Lake Erie.
Date of Report: 02/03/1909
Latitude: 41° 30' 17"
Longitude: 81° 42' 47"
Site: On US West Pier
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: No particular area, occupies end of pier
Area Inclosed: Not inclosed
Character of Soil: None
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark:
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: None
Wharf or Landing on Premises: Is located on pier
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By boat, or on foot, across L.S. & M.S. RR bridge from E side of river & then walk out West Pier, past life saving station to light.
Distance to Nearest Road: 1/3 mile along W Pier & across L.S. & M.S. RR bridge to Front Ave.
Distance to Post Office: Light to dwelling 3/4 mile; dwelling to PO 3/4 mile.
Distance to Village: In city of Cleveland
Facilities for Public Conveyance: None from dwelling.
Facilities for Private Conveyance: 3/4 mile from dwelling in Cleveland, by public street, L.S. & M.S. RR Bridge, & W Pier.
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Circular wooden tower
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 1831
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: New tower built in 1900
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: Circular
Form of Tower: A cylinder above another of greater diameter, connected by a short truncated aisle.
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 52' 7"
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 57' 4"
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Bldgs & smoke of city
Color of Tower: Buff, first story dark red, black lantern
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Lead & oil paint
Tower Connection: Detached
Object of Navigation: Marks outer end of W Pier, at entrance to inner harbor.
Building Materials: Wood, 1st story covered with corrugated iron, shingled above.
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 8"
Wall Thickness at Parapet: Of lantern 6"; at top tower 8"
Diameter at Base: 16'
Diameter at Parapet: 10' 2.5" at top of tower
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wooden winding
Number of Landings: 3 intermediate
Size of Glass: 16" x 20"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 4 windows - 3' 10" x 20"
Number of Doors: 1 outside, of corrugated iron.
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Circular concrete base on concrete E pier
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: None
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern: Cylindrical
Diameter to Glass: 7' 7.5"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides:
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 2' 11.5"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One - 9 segment glazed - 1 segment door
Thickness of Plates: 1/4" or 5/16"
Size of Plates: 29 1/8" x 36"
Number of Storm Panes: None
Unglazed Side of Lantern: 1 segment = 36 degrees
What Bearings: Bearings N 10 degrees 09W to N 25 degrees 51 E; Azimuth 349 degrees 51 to 25 degrees 51
Construction Material Lantern: Wood, cast iron glass sash copper covered roof & balcony, zinc lined roof.
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Wood, copper covering, zinc lining.
Ventilator / Cowl: Copper
Lightning Spindle: Copper - platinum tip
Description of Lightning Rod: 3/8" copper rod down side of tower & into pier on W'ly side, at point, shown on sketch pg. 2
Balustrade: Wood, covered with copper, iron hand rail.
Lantern Doors: Wood, double, one swinging out & one swinging in.
Floor of Lantern: Oak
Watchroom Doors: Wooden door at front of stairs to lantern
Parapet Diameter: 7' 2"
Location / Number: 4, brass revolving
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Brass, screwed into sides of lantern

How is Watchroom Fitted: Small cupboard in center, stove in room below.
How is Relief Called: Automatic electric alarm in watchroom, which will ring in case revolving machinery stops.
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus: 4 hr.
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Barbier & Benard
Year Made: Paris, 1896
Marks and Number: Barbier & Benard, Paris, 1896 BB/110
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter: 19 5/8"
Light Characteristic: Flashing white, every 5 sec.
Time of Revolution: 30 sec
Flash Interval: 5 sec
Duration of Flash: Nearly instantaneous
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels: 6, bullseye
Number of Flash Panels: 6
Arc of Each: 60 degrees
Number of Elements in Central Drum: Each panel has 1 central disc, 6" dia. 2 full circular prisms
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 6 segments of prisms above
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3 segments of prisms below
Does Apparatus Revolve?: True
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced: 6 bullseye panels revolve about a vertical axis, every 30 sec., giving a white flash every 5 sec.
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: 3' 7 3/8" high, cast iron base, brass pillars, brass middle & top plate.
Service Table: Wooden, over stairs, 2 shelves below.
Draft Tube Description: 1.5" brass tube, 2' 8" long, with funnel base 6" x 1.5" x 1.5" long
Revolving Machinery: Clockwork & weight
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls: Balls
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube: 11' 11 1/4"; deduct 4' for tackle etc,. 7' 11 1/4" = available drop.
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time: 4 hr.
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection: Glass case
Regulated: Revolving fan governor
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: 4th order
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 3 lamps
Number of Spare Burners: None
Candle Power:

Clock Cord Description
Revolving Cord: Steel rope
Size of Clock Cord: 3/16"
Length of Clock Cord:
How Led: Down thru floor, over to SE side & down 2 stories.
Diameter and Length of Clock Drum:

Chariot Balls
Balls Description: Flat plates
Cage to Separate Balls: False
Number of Balls: 21
Diameter of Balls: 3/8"

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 1 wick
Diameter of Outside Wick: 1.5"
Diameter of Mantel:
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: 1 small closet in watchroom, for wicks, etc. 1 large closet under stairs, 1st floor, for paint, cleaning supplies etc.
Oil House Description: Square iron, fitted with 5 iron shelves, located on pier about 30' from tower.
Oil House Inside Dimension: 7' 6 7/8" x 7' 6 7/8"
Oil House Construction Material: Iron
Oil House Capacity: 18 x 5 = 90 5 gal cans.
Other (Describe): A small shed (7' x 8" x 6' 6") is located about 25' from tower, for storage of coal, wood, etc.
Suitability: Suited.
General Opinion: Healthful
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements:
Access to Lighthouse: Iron rings are placed in W side of W Pier to serve the Keeper in landing on the pier from his row boat.
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: All in good condition.