Report for Cleveland Breakwater Light Station (Ohio) - 1885

District: 10th
Inspector: Capt. Chas. E.L.B. Davis, Eng'r 10th LH Dist.
Location: On crib standing 24' S of E end of breakwater, Cleveland Harbor, OH.
Date of Report: 11/09/1885
Latitude: 41° 30' 26"
Longitude: 81° 42' 56"
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 40' x 40' crib interior of superstructure of concrete.
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark:
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Pier railing
Wharf or Landing on Premises: Crib answers for landing.
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By tug or row boat from shore.
Distance to Nearest Road: 1/2 mile to public road, & 3/4 mile to RR station.
Distance to Post Office: 1 mile
Distance to Village: 1/2 mile from City of Cleveland
Facilities for Public Conveyance: By boat from shore.
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Iron tower
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 1885
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date: New
Shape of Tower in Plan: Octagonal
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 26' 9"
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 35' 9"
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: City of Cleveland, OH
Color of Tower: Dark brown, lantern & gallery railing black.
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Oil paint
Tower Connection:
Object of Navigation: Harbor light
Building Materials: Iron, lined with wood.
General Description: Crib proper is 40' sq., 36' deep & 9' above low water mark. Boathouse stands on mass of concrete formed inside crib 38' sq., this concrete rests upon loose stone with which crib is filled.
Wall Thickness at Base: Metal thickness 1 1/4"
Wall Thickness at Parapet: Metal thickness 5/8"
Diameter at Base: 13' 10.5"
Diameter at Parapet: 8' 8"
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Iron: btwn 1st & 2nd story - from 2nd story to lantern deck an iron ladder.
Number of Landings: 1
Size of Glass: 12 3/4" x 14" & 13.5" dia.
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 3 square sashes 28.5" x 14 3/4", 4 circular
Number of Doors: 1 entrance door, 1 trap door to base
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: A crib 40' x 40' filled with stone to within 2' of mean water level, from which rises a concrete superstructure 9' above water.
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks: 3.5" iron pipe leads from floor in cellar thru crib & drains into lake. Fog-bell suspended from bracket attached to N side of tower & struck at intervals of 10 sec.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 6th
Shape of Lantern:
Diameter to Glass: Exterior 7' 1.5"; interior 6' 6.5"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 8
Type of Bars:
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 36.5"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 5/16"
Size of Plates: All 36.5" x 34"
Number of Storm Panes: 3 - 31 1/4" x 36 1/4"
Unglazed Side of Lantern: None
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Iron & brass
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Copper roof on iron rafters
Ventilator / Cowl: Lined with zinc
Lightning Spindle: Copper, platinum point.
Description of Lightning Rod: Runs from foot of steps of beacon to water; S side of crib
Balustrade: Wrought iron
Lantern Doors: Cast iron double door, on wrought iron hinges, provided with brass lock.
Floor of Lantern: Iron, checkered.
Watchroom Doors: None
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: 4 ventilators in parapet, of iron, with brass revolving disks.
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement:
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Iron, screwed into lantern

How is Watchroom Fitted: 1st floor serves as watchroom & fitted with bunk, cupboard & necessary wall hooks.
How is Relief Called:
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus: 3 hours.
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker:
Year Made:
Marks and Number:
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter:
Light Characteristic: Flashing red & white, 10" - 10" , 360 degrees.
Time of Revolution: 1 minute
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash: 10 sec.
Arc of Each Fixed Part: Entire horizon flashing 10". Whole apparatus revolves.
Number of Panels: 6
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 6
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: True
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Cast iron
Service Table: Cast iron
Draft Tube Description: Copper hood 30" at base
Revolving Machinery: Revolving machinery made by Stevens of Boston, MA
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube: 10'
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time: 3 hours.
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection: Brass case
Regulated: By fly governor
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: Red screens in brass fixtures.
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Hains 1 wick
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 2
Number of Spare Burners: Burners attached to lantern
Candle Power:

Clock Cord Description
Revolving Cord:
Size of Clock Cord:
Length of Clock Cord:
How Led: Over 1 roller & 1 pulley & thru 2 floors.
Diameter and Length of Clock Drum:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: Cupboard
Oil House Description: Oil cellar, 8' dia. octagonal in shape, built in concrete foundation & just under tower. Lantern house at base of tower into which lantern is lowered during the day with compartment for 1 5-gal boxed can & cupboard for cleaning implements
Oil House Inside Dimension: 4' x 6'
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe):
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: Fog bell
Time to Start:
How Long Will Pressure Last:
Year of Manufacture:
Timing Device:
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown:
Height Above Water:
Compass Direction:
Location: Supported by brackets attached to tower just above 2nd story & used for same purpose as beacon - to mark E end of breakwater & harbor entrance.
Distance and Direction:
Water Supply:
Reached from Lighthouse:
Description of Fog Signal Building:
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
How Procured: From lake with bucket
Injury Possible:
Purity Precaution:
Tank Capacity:
Tank Material:
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
Access to Lighthouse: Crib proper answers for landing. Boat house 10' x 28.5' is placed on W side of crib beginning on N corner, thence running SW 28.5', boat house provided with Strach Boat launching apparatus.
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Tools And Accessories
Lantern Curtains: 8
Lens Covers: 2
Damper Tube and Key:
Spare Damper and Key:
Carillon for Overflow Pump:
Time Marker:
Spare Lamp Ready for Use:
Rod Lamp Ready for Use:
Curtain Hanger:
Spare Lamp Cover:
Lamp Stand:
Mechanical Lamp Cords:
Revolving Machinery Cords:
Revolving Machinery Weights:
Spare Fly Or Governor:
Gauge for Oil Cistern:
Feather Brushes:
Linen Towels:
Chamois Skins:
Chimney Filters:
Coupling Pliers:
Service Box and Implements:
Cleaning Materials:
Keepers Aprons: