Report for Toledo Harbor (Ohio) - 1909

District: 10th
Inspector: Chas. Bartlett, Chief Clerk and Norris Works, Supt
Location: In 21' of water, in W'ly end of Lake Erie, off outer entrance to Maumee Bay Straight Channel & Toledo Harbor, 400' NW'ly of channel axis prolonged.
Date of Report: 02/03/1909
Latitude: 41° 45' 46"
Longitude: 83° 19' 45"
Site: In navigable waters of the US
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: Crib 48' 6" x 86' 7"
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil: Water
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: Crib surrounded by water
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Iron chain rail about sides of pier.
Wharf or Landing on Premises: Iron landing ladder on side of pier, boats hoisted & placed on crib by boat derrick.
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By boat from Toledo, OH
Distance to Nearest Road: 13 miles to Ohenry St. Bridge in Toledo - 9 miles to public road & trolley at mouth of Maumee River. 4 miles to nearest point of mainland, Cedar Point.
Distance to Post Office: 13.5 mi to Toledo, OH
Distance to Village: 13 miles to Toledo
Facilities for Public Conveyance: None
Facilities for Private Conveyance: By sail boat, launch or tug from Toledo, 13 miles
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Watchroom & lantern rise from roof of dwelling structure.
Number of Separate Lights: One
First Built or Established: Established 1904.
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: Rectangular dwelling structure, surmounted by round watchroom & lantern.
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: Deck of pier to bottom of ball = 70' 1 3/4"
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 72' 1"
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: City of Toledo in distance across the Bay.
Color of Tower: Buff colored bldg, black roof, watchroom & lantern.
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Buff colored brick, paint on roof, etc.
Tower Connection: Watchroom & lantern surmount dwelling.
Object of Navigation: Marks entrance to Straight Channel leading thru Maumee Bay to Maumee River, which forms Toledo Harbor.
Building Materials: Structural steel frame, inclosed in buff colored pressed brick, cast iron cornice, boiler plate roof & watchroom - fire proof through out.
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 16 3/4" brick walls
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base: Main portion of bldg 28' 4" x 28' 4", fog signal annex 28' 4" x 32' 4"
Diameter at Parapet: Outside diameter watchroom 13'
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Cast iron stairs, winding steel stairs, steel step ladder & lantern.
Number of Landings: 4 intermediate
Size of Glass: 12 windows, 2 lts 28" x 28"; 7 - 2 lts, 28" x 24"; 2 - 2 lts, 20" x 20";
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 1 Mulian frame 4 lts 14" x 16", 2 lts 14" x 14"; 8 basement - 2 lts 14" x 15"; 8 - 1/2 circle 1' 4"; 5 full circle 14" dia.
Number of Doors: 1 outside hall entry, 2 outside to fog signal
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Wooden, stone & gravel filled crib resting on clay bottom of lake, surmounted by concrete superstructure, frame 2' MLL to +12' MLL - depth of Lake bottom - 21' MLL
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Surrounded by water
Soil Susceptibility: Surrounded by water
Miscellaneous Remarks: Concrete superstructure is cracked some. 1 crack open 1.5" at N end, supposed to be caused by floating ice.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 3rd
Shape of Lantern: Cylindrical
Diameter to Glass: 8' 6.88"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides:
Type of Bars: Helical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 5' 11.5"
Number of Plates in Height: 2 diagonally across plates.
Number of Plates Each Side:
Thickness of Plates: 1/4"; 1 lt 33 13/16" x 29 5/8" curved in short dir
Size of Plates: 24 lts 25.081" sq. curved R 4' 3.44"; 2 lts 12.5" sq. cut vert.; 18 lts 12.5" sq. cut horiz
Number of Storm Panes: None
Unglazed Side of Lantern:
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Cast iron floor, parapet, architecture & cornice, bronze sash, 3/16" steel plate roof.
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Structural steel framing, covered with 3/16" steel plates, lined with zinc.
Ventilator / Cowl: Cast iron, openings covered with brass wire cloth.
Lightning Spindle: Brass, 4' 10" long, platinum point.
Description of Lightning Rod: Iron lantern & roof are joined to water of lake by 4" wrought iron main route of sewer system, which terminates at 8' 6" MLL
Balustrade: Cast iron gallery deck, wrought iron railing.
Lantern Doors: Cast iron door, upper part glazed, heavy brass hinges & substantial locking mechanism.
Floor of Lantern: Cast iron
Watchroom Doors: Plate iron, in 2 leaves, heavy spring hinges to balance weight of door.
Parapet Diameter: 7' 11.5"
Location / Number: 5 thru parapet, protected on outside by perforated brass plate & regulated on inside by brass compression valve.
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: 1 light iron
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: 14 curtains on tin spring rollers, supported by brass hangers secured to architecture lining.

How is Watchroom Fitted: Coal stove, Seth Thomas Marine Clock, iron service table with locker & shelves beneath.
How is Relief Called: Electric connection wires from revolving clock to alarm bells, ring automatically when lens ceases to revolve for any reason.
Where is Call System Led: In different keepers quarters.
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus: 2 hours 30 min. - Keeper winds every 2 hours.
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Barbier & Benard, Paris, France
Year Made: Installed, 1904
Marks and Number: None
Order of Apparatus: 3.5
Inside Diameter: 2' 5.5"
Light Characteristic: Flashing white & red; every 3rd flash red; interval between flashes 10 seconds.
Time of Revolution: 30 sec
Flash Interval: 10 sec
Duration of Flash: Nearly instantaneous
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels: Lens consists of 1 lrg bulls eye, covering 180 deg. With prismatic reflector opposite, covering 60 deg. & 2 smaller bulls eyes, each covering 60 deg.
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum:
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum:
Does Apparatus Revolve?: True
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced: 3 bulls-eye lens & reflector revolve about a vertical axis.
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Built of columns & cast iron plates.
Service Table: Folding table, attached to pedestal.
Draft Tube Description: Sheet iron tube 3.5" dia., connected to top of lens by brass ring, secured with screws, extends up to vent. ball, 4'; Damper tube - connected on inside of shore tube by shoulder & fits in socket covering lower end of lens chimney length 2' 1/4" - dia. 3"
Revolving Machinery: Clockwork actuated by weight
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls: Balls
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube: 60' 2"
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time: 2 hours 30 min. - Keeper winds every 2 hours.
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection: Brass case, glazed
Regulated: Governor
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: 1/2 cylinder of ruby glass, dia. 7 3/4" x 23.5" long is placed btwn light & large bullseye.
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached: To illuminating apparatus
Form of Colored Glass: 1/2 cylinder of ruby glass, dia. 7 3/4" x 23.5" long
Lamp Description: Air pressure lamps with 2nd order burners
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 3
Number of Spare Burners: 6
Candle Power:

Clock Cord Description
Revolving Cord: Copper cord.
Size of Clock Cord:
Length of Clock Cord:
How Led: 1 end made fast to works, other end led around single sheave on weight & back to drum of clock.
Diameter and Length of Clock Drum:

Chariot Balls
Balls Description: Flat surface, also ball bearing about edge of plate.
Cage to Separate Balls: False
Number of Balls: 86
Diameter of Balls: 1"

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 3 wicks
Diameter of Outside Wick: 1 1/8"; 1 7/8"; 2.7"
Diameter of Mantel:
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: Small iron closet in watchroom under service table, 2' 6" x 13", 1 shelf above floor, used for supplies & extra parts of illuminating apparatus.
Oil House Description: Oil room partitioned off in N'ly corner of basement of Fog signal house. Concrete floor & ceiling, iron door. Fitted with 4 iron shelves on all sides for 5-gal oil cases.
Oil House Inside Dimension: 7' 8" x 16' 7" x 7' 10" high
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity: 55 x 5 = 275 gal, 5 gal cases = 1375 gal.
Other (Describe): Office & storeroom 6' 9" x 8' 4 3/4" in entry hall.
Suitability: Dry, suited.
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: 13 HP engine, geared to 8" x 8". Ingersoll - Sergeant Air Compressor, supplying air to high & low pressure tanks, from which automatic siren is driven
Time to Start: 26 min. - 20 min to start engine, + 6 to get pressure.
How Long Will Pressure Last:
Manufacturer: DeLa Vergne Refg., Mach. Co.
Year of Manufacture: Installed 1904
Characteristic: Blasts of 2 sec by siren, deep gutteral blast like voice of a bull, spaced by silent interval of 24 sec.
Duplication: Oil engine, air compressor, & Crosby Automatic apparatus.
Timing Device: Crosby Automatic Apparatus, in duplicate
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown:
Height Above Water: 45'
Compass Direction: N 54 degrees 45' E
Location: Marks entrance to Straight Channel leading thru Maumee Bay to Maumee River, Toledo Harbor.
Distance and Direction: Adjoins lighthouse on NE'ly side.
Water Supply: Pumped from lake by pumps on engine.
Reached from Lighthouse: Adjoins
Description of Fog Signal Building: Forms extension to lake-ward of main bldg. 28' 4" x 32' 4" of about 2/3 height of panes of same general style of architecture, buff pressed brick walls, plate iron roof, fireproof, basement, engine room & attic.
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Steam Signal
Steam Boiler: Gearing on engines & compressors: engine shaft - 25 teeth; on compressor - 40 teeth
Tube Description:
Steam Tube Diameter:
Steam Furnace Kind:
Furnace Length:
Furnace Width:
Furnace Height:
Steam Heat Surface:
Steam Grate Surface:
Number of Grate Bars:
Kind of Grate Bars:
Steam Fuel:
Steam Safety Valve:
Steam Maximum Pressure:
Steam Working Pressure:
Steam Diameter of Smokestack:
Smokestack Height:
Drum Dimension:
Steam Drum Diameter:
Steam Covering:
Steam Boiler Condition:
Steam Boiler Built:
Where Built:
Steam Heater: False
Heater Time Affect:
Steam Engine Kind:
Steam Engine Revolutions:
Steam Engine Cyl. Diameter:
Steam Engine Piston Stroke:
Steam Engine Pipe Size:
Steam Engine When Built:
Steam Engine Where Built:

Siren Signal
Siren: Cylindrical
Siren Diameter: 6"
Siren Built Date:
Siren Manufacturer: 3rd Mach. Shop, Staten Isl.
Siren Ports: 20 - 2 3/4" x 1/6"
Siren Revolutions: About 20,000
Siren Governor: Friction clocks
Siren Condition:

Compressed Air
Compressed Air Machinery: HP tank = 2' 6.5" dia; LP tank = 3' 1/2" dia.
Kind: Hornsby Akroyd, Oil Eng.
Manufacturer: DeLaVergne Refrigerating Machine Co.
Date Made: 1903
Nominal Size: Cyl 9" x 15"
Horsepower: 13 HP
Compressor: 8" x 8"
Compressor Manufacturer: Ingersoll Sargent, 500 rpm
Compressor Bed and Gear: Same bed, geared

Trumpet Signal
Trumpet Length: 5' 6"
Trumpet Diameter: Small end - 6.5"; large end - 2' 3"
Trumpet Material: Copper
Location: Watchroom & lantern rise from center of roof of dwelling.
Coloring: Buff colored brick, black roof
Construction Materials: Structural steel frame brick walls hollow tile floors, cast iron stairs, fireproof throughout.
Number of Rooms: 1st & 2nd floor 3 rooms, bath & closet each; 3 extra rooms & closet 3rd fl.
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant: Hot air furnace.
Number of Keepers: 1 Keeper & 2 assts.
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Fog Signal House adjoins main bldg.
Outhouse Coloring: Buff brick, black roof
Paths and Walks: Concrete deck of pier, 9' 10" wide along sides of pier & 12' 8" wide across ends
Area Inclosed: Chain railing about edges of pier, 48' x 86'
Area of Garden: None
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available:
Area Cultivated:
Character of Surroundings: Nearest land at Cedar Point, OH, 4 miles distant. In basement, provision, storeroom, paint room, laundry, water closet, furnace room, 2 coal rooms, & other rooms for general purposes.
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: Hand pumps, steam pump worked by compressed air from lake.
Quality: Fair, muddy after a heavy storm
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: Not liable
Purity Precaution:
Tank Capacity: Tank, 4' x 8' x 4' cap = 880 gal
Tank Material: 4" pine walls, lined with 16 oz. polished copper
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket: By pump from Lake Erie
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling: Pumps in basement of FS house.
General Opinion: Healthful
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements:
Access to Lighthouse: Light iron ladder hanging on sides of pier. Row boat of launch lifted from or deposited in water by means of 2 light iron derricks, 23' boom, 1 at each end of pier, Boat stored on deck of pier or in engine room of Fog signal house.
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Hand pump: cyl 4" dia. x 4" stroke, handle lever 2' 7" long; Air pump: cyl 4" dia. x 4" stroke, worked at 25 lbs pressure of air from fog signal tank. 2 flats are each fitted for use of a family, with bathroom & water closet & kitchen, sink, coal stove.