Report for Sandusky Bay Range Main Beacon (Ohio) - 1888

District: 10th
Inspector: Major S.M. Mansfield, Corps of Engineers
Location: On outer (NW) bank, exactly at elbow of dredged channel, Sandusky Bay, OH.
Date of Report: 02/09/1888
Latitude: 41° 29' 19"
Longitude: 82° 43' 06"
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: Main crib, 40' square - wharf 13' 8" x 53' - boat landing 8' 9" x 54'
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark:
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Main crib enclosed with picket fence.
Wharf or Landing on Premises: Wharf & boat landing
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: By boat from Sandusky, OH
Means to Reach Light Station: By boat from Sandusky, OH
Distance to Nearest Road: 2 miles to Sandusky, OH
Distance to Post Office: 2 miles to Sandusky, OH
Distance to Village: 2 miles to Sandusky, OH
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance: By boat from Sandusky, OH, 2 miles.
Means Used for Support of Lantern: SE corner of gallery of dwelling
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 1879
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: Above pier 15' 8"
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 21' 8"
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Sandusky Bay & Johnsons Island
Color of Tower:
Color of Tower/ How Produced:
Tower Connection: Light shown from SE corner of gallery of dwelling.
Object of Navigation: Range for E & S channel
Building Materials: Dwelling is a frame structure, resting on cast iron columns, 10' high.
General Description: There is no tower, the main light for the ranges is a triangular lantern, glazed on 2 sides, has a 6th order lamp & reflectors, 8" dia. It is placed on a platform at SE corner of gallery, surrounding the Keeper's dwelling on S & E sides.
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps:
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass:
Number of Windows and Size of Sash:
Number of Doors:
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Space under dwelling is clear except that taken up by woodshed, oil house & privy.
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks: The crib, 40' sq. is enclosed by picket fence. House is reached by open stairs with a center landing. All woodwork is painted white.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: Reflector
Shape of Lantern:
Diameter to Glass: 17"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 3
Type of Bars:
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 18"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 1/4"
Size of Plates: All 13 x 18"
Number of Storm Panes: None
Unglazed Side of Lantern: 180 degrees
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Sheet iron
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: None
Ventilator / Cowl: None
Lightning Spindle: None
Description of Lightning Rod: Copper wire rope 1/2" dia., projecting 3' above smoke flue in center of dwelling. It is fitted with copper spindle & platinum point. Conductor is carried along roof to N side of dwelling & thence into bay to depth of 6'.
Balustrade: Dwelling has a gallery, with balustrade on S side.
Lantern Doors:
Floor of Lantern:
Watchroom Doors:
Parapet Diameter:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker:
Year Made:
Marks and Number:
Order of Apparatus: 6th
Inside Diameter:
Light Characteristic:
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels:
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum:
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum:
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: None - a wooden platform
Service Table: In watchroom of dwelling.
Draft Tube Description:
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: 6th order lamp with flat wick 1" wide.
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 2
Number of Spare Burners:
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use:
Oil House Description: Oil room on crib, under E side of dwelling, is 6 x 6 in plan & fitted with shelves.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity: Mineral oil cans on shelves in oil room
Other (Describe): No closets - shelves in dwelling.
Suitability: Dry
Location: Dwelling, 24' sq. in plan has gallery on S & E sides. Light is located on SE corner of gallery.
Construction Materials: Wood with sheet iron roof, resting on cast iron columns, with wrought iron girders supported by crib 40' sq. in 12' of water & 6' above lake level.
Number of Rooms: 4 besides kitchen & watchroom.
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1 for the 3 ranges.
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Boathouse, oil house, woodshed & privy.
Outhouse Coloring:
Paths and Walks: None
Area Inclosed: Crib 40' sq. is inclosed by picket fence, 3' high.
Area of Garden: None
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available:
Area Cultivated:
Character of Surroundings:
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: Cistern
Injury Possible:
Purity Precaution: No filter, water is led from iron roof.
Tank Capacity: 4 barrels - in pocket of crib, under deck.
Tank Material: Wooden tank.
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
Access to Lighthouse: Landing wharf, also used for storage of buoys during winter months, located on S side of main crib, is 13' 8" wide, 53' 6" long & 5' 6" above lake level. Outer wall & W end projection is supported on close piling, while inner part is attached to crib.
Distance and Direction: Deck of 3" planking is supported on 12" x 12" sills & tie beams & 3" x 12" floor joists. Boat landing on E side of main crib is 8 3/4' wide, 54' long, & 4' 8" above lake level of same construction as wharf.
Miscellaneous Remarks: Boat harbor, about 25' wide x 52' long formed of close piling & double whaling of oak timbers, securely bolted. Boathouse is frame structure 17 x 24' in plan, located in NW corner of harbor, built on boat landing & close piling.