Report for Bluff Shoal Light Station (North Carolina) - 1909

District: 5th
Inspector: John Murdoch, Asst. Light-House Engineer
Location: Bluff shoal, NC, near the middle of Bluff shoal, W'ly part of Pamlico Sound, 7 9/16 miles NNW'ly from Ocracoke light-house, 5 3/8 miles NE'ly from Northwest Point Royal Shoal Unused light-house, & 11 3/4 miles NNE 1/4 E. Mag., from Brant Is. Shoal Lightho
Date of Report: 11/21/1909
Site: Submarine.
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site:
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark:
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence:
Wharf or Landing on Premises:
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By railroad to Beaufort. By mail boat to Ocracoke. By small boat from Ocracoke.
Distance to Nearest Road: 8 miles to steamboat landing, Ocracoke.
Distance to Post Office: 8 miles
Distance to Village: 8 miles to Ocracoke.
Facilities for Public Conveyance: None.
Facilities for Private Conveyance: Small boat, 8 miles.
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Dwelling.
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 1904
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: February, 1909
Condition at This Date: Good.
Shape of Tower in Plan: Square building.
Form of Tower: No tower.
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 35 feet
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Woods.
Color of Tower: White: substructure brown.
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint.
Tower Connection: No tower.
Object of Navigation: General Purposes.
Building Materials:
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wood.
Number of Landings: 2
Size of Glass: 8" x 12";
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 7 @ 4' 6 3/8" x 2' 4.5" 1st floor.; 4 @ 4' 6" x 19.5" gable.
Number of Doors: 23
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Iron screwpiles, 16 ft. in ground.
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass: 7 feet
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 8
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 36.5"
Number of Plates in Height: 1
Number of Plates Each Side: 1
Thickness of Plates: 3/8"
Size of Plates: Inside 37" x 32 5/16"; outside 36.75" x 34.25"
Number of Storm Panes: None
Unglazed Side of Lantern:
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Copper, iron & wood.
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Copper.
Ventilator / Cowl: Copper
Lightning Spindle: Brass
Description of Lightning Rod: Copper, led over roof to side of house & to water.
Balustrade: Wood.
Lantern Doors: Fitted with hinges fastened to frame of lantern.
Floor of Lantern: Wood.
Watchroom Doors: None.
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: In lower secton of lantern.
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None.
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Screwed into frame of lantern.

How is Watchroom Fitted: None.
How is Relief Called:
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus: 4.5 hours.
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Made at the general Light-House Depot.
Year Made: Unknown
Marks and Number: None.
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter: 19"
Light Characteristic: Flashing red.
Time of Revolution: 30 seconds.
Flash Interval: 10 seconds.
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels: 6
Number of Flash Panels: 3
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 9
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 4
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 4
Does Apparatus Revolve?: True
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Brass
Service Table: None.
Draft Tube Description: None.
Revolving Machinery: Clock work.
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls: Balls.
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube: 16 feet.
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time: 4.5 hours.
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection: By a glass case.
Regulated: Skew-geared governor.
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: By red chimneys.
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass: Chimney.
Lamp Description: Improved, 1 wick.
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: None.
Number of Spare Burners:
Candle Power:

Clock Cord Description
Revolving Cord:
Size of Clock Cord:
Length of Clock Cord:
How Led: Straight down through cloumn across to locker & first floor.
Diameter and Length of Clock Drum:

Chariot Balls
Balls Description: Flat surface
Cage to Separate Balls: False
Number of Balls: 17
Diameter of Balls: 3/8"
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use:
Oil House Description: A second floor closet, fitted with oilstand covered with zinc.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): Storeroom on second floor, for general purposes.
Suitability: Dry & suitable.
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: Gamewell bell machine.
Time to Start: 2 minutes.
How Long Will Pressure Last:
Manufacturer: Gamewell Fire Alarm Telegraph Co., Boston, Mass.
Year of Manufacture: Not known.
Characteristic: A single blow every 15 seconds.
Duplication: None.
Timing Device:
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown:
Height Above Water:
Compass Direction:
Distance and Direction:
Water Supply:
Reached from Lighthouse:
Description of Fog Signal Building:
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Bell Signal
Weight: 1200 lbs.
Metal: Bell Metal
Diameter: 36"
Height: 26"
Time: 30 minutes
Weights for Operation:
Location: No tower.
Coloring: White
Construction Materials: Wood
Number of Rooms: 6
Number of Dwellings: 1
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1 keeper & 1 assistant.
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouse Coloring:
Paths and Walks:
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available:
Area Cultivated:
Character of Surroundings:
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: From roof.
Quality: Good.
Quantity: Ample.
Injury Possible: Not liable.
Purity Precaution: Tanks cleaned twice each year.
Tank Capacity: 4 tanks, 200 gallons each on 1st floor.
Tank Material: Iron.
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Generally healthy.
Diseases: Malarial.
Prevalency: Spring & fall.
Local Causes: No.
Recommended Improvements: No.