Report for Piney Point, revised (Maryland) - 1909

District: 5th
Inspector: Major W.E. Craighill, Lighthouse Engineer
Location: On point of same name, NE'ly side of Potomac River, about 12 miles NW'ly from Point Lookout
Date of Report: 05/26/1909
Latitude: 38° 08' 07"
Longitude: 76° 31' 48"
Site: Purchase
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 12/26/1835
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 2 acres, 2 rods, & 10.5 perches
Area Inclosed: 13,416 sq. ft.
Character of Soil: Sandy
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: 75 yards
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Fence
Wharf or Landing on Premises: Wood foot wharf
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: Sandy; 1/4 mile
Means to Reach Light Station: Boat or county road from Washington, DC
Distance to Nearest Road: 1 mile to county road; 1/4 mile to boat landing.
Distance to Post Office: 4 miles Piney PT. P.O. MD.
Distance to Village: 18 miles
Facilities for Public Conveyance: By steamboat
Facilities for Private Conveyance: Wagon, 1/4 mile
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Tower
Number of Separate Lights: One
First Built or Established: 1836
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: August, 1909
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: Round
Form of Tower: Conical
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 36'
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 34'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Woods
Color of Tower: White
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Whitewash
Tower Connection: Detached
Object of Navigation: General purposes
Building Materials: Brick
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 3'
Wall Thickness at Parapet: 18"
Diameter at Base: 11' 4"
Diameter at Parapet: 7'
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wooden
Number of Landings: 1
Size of Glass: 7" x 9"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 3; sash, 21 3/4" x 24.5"
Number of Doors: 1
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Not known
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Sandy
Soil Susceptibility: Yes
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 5th
Shape of Lantern: Cylindrical
Diameter to Glass: 84"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 9, 2 blanks toward house
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 35"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 3/8"
Size of Plates: 36" x 26.5"
Number of Storm Panes: 7 - 2 blanks toward house
Unglazed Side of Lantern: 2 plates
What Bearings: Not known
Construction Material Lantern: Iron
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Copper
Ventilator / Cowl: Copper
Lightning Spindle: Copper
Description of Lightning Rod: Copper; to base of lantern, led down side of tower to water.
Balustrade: Iron
Lantern Doors: Iron; fitted with hinges to barrel of lantern
Floor of Lantern: Cement
Watchroom Doors: Iron; fitted to frame in floor with hinges opening into lantern.
Parapet Diameter: 6' 9.5"
Location / Number: Lower part of lantern
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Screwed

How is Watchroom Fitted: None
How is Relief Called: Alarm bell from lens
Where is Call System Led: To dwelling
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: LePaute
Year Made: Not known
Marks and Number: None
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter: 14.5"
Light Characteristic: Fixed white
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels: 3 open about 135 degrees
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Iron
Service Table: Iron
Draft Tube Description: Inverted sheet iron funnel with center opening leading into ventilator ball.
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Westinghouse sodium vapor lamp transformer 6000 Lvmcr Sodium vapor. 4th order electric light
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: Aladdin 1 spare sodium
Number of Spare Burners:
Candle Power:

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels:
Diameter of Outside Wick: 1 1/4"
Diameter of Mantel:
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: 1, in lower part of tower fitted with shelves for general purposes.
Oil House Description: SE from tower 40'
Oil House Inside Dimension: 6' x 8'
Oil House Construction Material: Concrete
Oil House Capacity: 275 gal on side oil house
Other (Describe): None
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: Bell & Martin machine
Time to Start: 5 minutes
How Long Will Pressure Last:
Manufacturer: E.J. Codd Co., Baltimore, MD.
Year of Manufacture: Not known
Characteristic: A single blow every 20 sec.
Duplication: 1 tank 3' dia x 8' high
Timing Device: Gamewell motor 1/6 HP RSA frame 1437-100-220V
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown: 9-10 lbs
Height Above Water:
Compass Direction:
Location: About 15' W
Distance and Direction: About 15' W
Water Supply:
Reached from Lighthouse: Wood walk
Description of Fog Signal Building: Square wooden frame structure
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Bell Signal
Weight: 1200 lbs
Metal: Bell metal
Diameter: 36"
Height: 26"
Time: 45 minutes
Manufacturer: Gamewell Fire & Alarm Co., NY
Weights for Operation:

Compressed Air
Compressed Air Machinery: Quincy
Kind: 2AG-7
Manufacturer: J Register & son
Date Made:
Nominal Size:
Compressor Manufacturer:
Compressor Bed and Gear: Belt driven with lever - same base

Daboll Signal
Daboll Reed: Copper
Daboll Length: 18"
Daboll Breadth:
Daboll Base Thickness:
Daboll Tip Thickness:

Trumpet Signal
Trumpet Length: 12'
Trumpet Diameter:
Trumpet Material: Copper points SW
Location: 43' 8" NE from tower
Coloring: White
Construction Materials: Brick
Number of Rooms: 9
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant: Am. Red Co No 1 Ideal Redford boiler 1W7-8BW
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: 5
Outhouse Coloring: White
Paths and Walks: Wood & cement
Area Inclosed: 13, 416 sq. ft; with panel fence
Area of Garden: None
Area Timber or Shrubbery: None
Cultivation Area Available: None
Area Cultivated: None
Character of Surroundings: Sandy & marshy
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker: Delco Products co.
Pump, Size: 1/6 HP G-1-0 1750
How Procured: Rain
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: No
Purity Precaution: By cleaning tanks twice each year
Tank Capacity: 20,000 gal.; in cellar
Tank Material: Bricks & cement
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description: Artesian well
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket: Pump in cellar
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Good
Diseases: Malarial
Prevalency: Spring & fall
Local Causes: Marshes
Recommended Improvements:
Access to Lighthouse:
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Floods etc., have eroded beach considerably - Keeper has plenty of stones & could make groins if he could hire 2 men - should be done. Pump works as spigot opens from artesian well - suggest pressure tank & control valves in cellar.