Report for Northwest Passage (Florida) - 1911

District: 7th
Inspector: H.P. King, Inspector
Location: In 4' of water on W'ly side of N'ly end of NW Channel into Key West Harbor
Date of Report: 10/23/1911
Latitude: 24° 37' 04"
Longitude: 81° 53' 58"
Site: Marine site
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site:
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark:
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence:
Wharf or Landing on Premises: Sea ladder
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By boat from Key West, FL, distance 7 1/8 mile.
Distance to Nearest Road:
Distance to Post Office:
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Tower surmounts Keeper's dwelling
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 1838
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: Rebuilt 1879, thoroughly repaired Sept. & Oct. 1911
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 47'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Sea & sky; rarely lowlying keys.
Color of Tower: White painted house on brown piles
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Lantern surmounts Keeper's dwelling which is built on piles.
Object of Navigation: For navigation of NW Channel into Key West Harbor. Also used for general navigation.
Building Materials: Wrought iron
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Iron ladder to lower platform, wooden steps above.
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass:
Number of Windows and Size of Sash:
Number of Doors:
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface:
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern: Octagonal
Diameter to Glass:
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides:
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 35.5"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 5/16"
Size of Plates: 34" x 37"
Number of Storm Panes:
Unglazed Side of Lantern:
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Cast iron
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Copper
Ventilator / Cowl: Copper
Lightning Spindle: Copper, 3' long
Description of Lightning Rod:
Balustrade: Wood, galvanized sheet iron floor.
Lantern Doors: 1 17" x 28" hinged on side.
Floor of Lantern: Galv. sheet iron over wood.
Watchroom Doors: Trap door 15" x 21"
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: 4 in lower part of lantern
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Brass hooks bolted to inside of hood.
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles: 520 white, 130 red
Name of Maker: L. Sautter & Cie
Year Made:
Marks and Number:
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter: 500 mm
Light Characteristic:
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: Fixed white, 198 degrees to 310 degrees & 339 degrees to 195 degrees; Fixed red in intervening sectors; No lens btwn 42 degrees & 94 degrees
Number of Panels: 4 of 77 degrees each
Number of Flash Panels: None
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: 4 3/4" dia. cylindrical cast iron
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description: None
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: Red sector glasses
Red Sectors Description: 310 degrees to 339 degrees & 195 degrees to 198 degrees
Where Color Attached: Attached to lantern
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: 4th
Type of Illuminant: Oil
Number of Spare Lamps: 1
Number of Spare Burners: 1
Candle Power: Regular service lamp CP not known

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 1 wick
Diameter of Outside Wick: 1.5"
Diameter of Mantel:
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: 1, shelved used for spare chimneys & service box.
Oil House Description: Hung from girders of house
Oil House Inside Dimension: 5' x 8.5'
Oil House Construction Material: Wood
Oil House Capacity: 200 5-gal cans
Other (Describe): 2 - 1 under stairs & used for stores, 1 outside used as pantry.
Suitability: 1st dry, well suited, 2nd open.
Location: Lantern surmounts dwelling
Coloring: White with slate roof
Construction Materials: Wood
Number of Rooms: 4
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 2
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: 1 water closet on lower platform
Outhouse Coloring: Brown
Paths and Walks: None
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available: None
Area Cultivated: None
Character of Surroundings: Water
Stove, Maker: Stamford Foundry Co., Stamford, CT.
Stove, Size: No. 7
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker: The Deming Co., Salem, OH.
Pump, Size: No.4
How Procured: Rain
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: Not
Purity Precaution: Annual cleaning of tanks, slate roof.
Tank Capacity: 2200 gal, suspended from girders of dwelling
Tank Material: Cypress
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Healthful except for close confinement entailed.
Local Causes: No
Recommended Improvements: No
Access to Lighthouse: Iron ladder to lower platform, then wooden stairs to dwelling.
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: It is thought that this station could well be changed to acetylene gas light, unwatched, when funds are available.
Boat #1
Boat Number: 7
Type: Cat-boat
Length: 6' 6 3/4"
Width: 18'
When Built: July, 1885
Date Harbored at Station: July, 1885
Sails: True
Suited to Work: Exactly
Boat #2
Boat Number: 0
Type: Dinghy
Length: 3'
Width: 2'
When Built: July, 1905
Date Harbored at Station: Aug. 1905
Sails: True
Suited to Work: Yes

General Information:
Boats on Station: On davits at rail