Report for Middle Ground Channel Rear Range (South Carolina) - 1908

District: 6th
Inspector: E. M. Adams, Captain, Corps of Engineers, USA.
Location: Middle Ground Channel Rear; On South Island, SC. 1000 feet, (1/6 mile) 312 degrees 30' in rear of Middle Ground Channel Front, Winyah Bay, SC.
Date of Report: 04/18/1908
Latitude: 33° 13' 18"
Longitude: 79° 12' 10"
Site: Purchase
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 01/03/1903
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 66 feet x 66 feet
Area Inclosed: None
Character of Soil: Sand
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: 1000 feet
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: No premises
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: None
Means to Reach Light Station: Light-House tender from Georgetown, SC. then land on the beach opoosite the light.
Distance to Nearest Road: RR Station, Georgetown, SC 12 miles
Distance to Post Office: South island, 3/4 mile.
Distance to Village: South Island, 3/4 mile.
Facilities for Public Conveyance: None.
Facilities for Private Conveyance: Take Light-House tender from Georgetown, SC, 12 miles.
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Steel tower.
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 1903
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: Never.
Condition at This Date: Excellent.
Shape of Tower in Plan: Square.
Form of Tower: Pyramidal.
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 50 feet.
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Trees & sky.
Color of Tower: White, slatted day mark.
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint.
Tower Connection: No dwelling.
Object of Navigation: Range; local.
Building Materials: Steel skeleton, on brick piers.
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base: 10 feet.
Diameter at Parapet: 4 feet.
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Iron ladder.
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass:
Number of Windows and Size of Sash:
Number of Doors:
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Brick piers, 4 feet.
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Sand
Soil Susceptibility: Beach grass, scrub pine, & myrtle grow.
Miscellaneous Remarks: The terms of the deed permit shigting the site of this structure in order to swing the range whenever changes in the channel require such action.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: Locomotive head llight.
Shape of Lantern:
Diameter to Glass:
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides:
Type of Bars:
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed:
Number of Plates in Height:
Number of Plates Each Side:
Thickness of Plates:
Size of Plates:
Number of Storm Panes:
Unglazed Side of Lantern:
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern:
Construction Material Roof / Cowl:
Ventilator / Cowl:
Lightning Spindle:
Description of Lightning Rod:
Balustrade: Wodden platform; iron hand rail.
Lantern Doors:
Floor of Lantern:
Watchroom Doors:
Parapet Diameter:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: No name; came from Tompkinsville.
Year Made:
Marks and Number: 1.
Order of Apparatus: Reflector
Inside Diameter:
Light Characteristic: Fixed white.
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels:
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum:
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum:
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Wooden box.
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description:
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: White.
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: 5th order improved, 1 wick.
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 1
Number of Spare Burners: 1
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: Pedestal is a locker. Used for storage of cleaning material.
Oil House Description: Bmall brick oil house immediately in rear of tower.
Oil House Inside Dimension: 6' 6" x 5' 6" x 6' 6" to rafter
Oil House Construction Material: Brick.
Oil House Capacity: 145 5 gal. cans.
Other (Describe): Pedestal is a locker used for storage of cleasning materials.
Suitability: Dry & suitable.
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: None.
Time to Start:
How Long Will Pressure Last:
Year of Manufacture:
Timing Device:
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown:
Height Above Water:
Compass Direction:
Distance and Direction:
Water Supply:
Reached from Lighthouse:
Description of Fog Signal Building:
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Location: No dwelling.
Construction Materials:
Number of Rooms:
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers:
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouse Coloring:
Paths and Walks:
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available:
Area Cultivated:
Character of Surroundings:
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
General Opinion: No sickness reported.
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements:
Access to Lighthouse: No landing.
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: