Report for Billingsport Front (New Jersey) - 1910

District: 4th
Inspector: Thos J. Rout Jr. - Supt.
Location: On S'ly bank of Delaware River, NJ about 3/4 mile below Billingsport
Date of Report: 03/18/1910
Latitude: 39° 50' 51"
Longitude: 75° 15' 11"
Site: Purchase
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 02/25/1880
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: About 5 acres
Area Inclosed: About 5 acres
Character of Soil: Sandy
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: Tower is surrounded at high water
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Board & wire fence
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By RR to Paulsboro, NJ thence by private conveyance to Station or by small boat from river.
Distance to Nearest Road: Reservation is on public road, distance to RR station at Paulsboro about 1 1/8 mile by road.
Distance to Post Office: About 1 1/8 mile by road
Distance to Village: About 1 1/8 mile to Paulsboro, NJ
Facilities for Public Conveyance: Hacks meet trains at Paulsboro
Facilities for Private Conveyance: There are livery stables at Paulsboro
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Tower
Number of Separate Lights: There are 2 lights in the 1 lantern
First Built or Established: 1880
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: 1908
Condition at This Date: Excellent
Shape of Tower in Plan: Square
Form of Tower: Pyramidal
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 40.5'
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 38'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Trees & sky
Color of Tower: White
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Connected to dwelling by an elevated board walk
Object of Navigation: Channel & range for general navigating purposes
Building Materials: Wood
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: Base of tower consists of 8" x 8" timbers
Wall Thickness at Parapet: 7"
Diameter at Base: Tower is 15' x 20' in plan
Diameter at Parapet: 8' 4" x 13' 4" in plan
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wooden
Number of Landings: None
Size of Glass: 2'4" x 2' 8"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 1; 2' 8" x 5' 10"
Number of Doors: 4; including door from lantern to balcony
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Concrete block 3'
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Loam (very sandy)
Soil Susceptibility: Is susceptable
Miscellaneous Remarks: Tower is just outside of sea wall, site is in excellent condition.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th order range
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass: About 7' 3" x 12' 3" in plan
Diameter in the Clear: About 7' 3" x 12' 3" in plan
Number of Sides: 5
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 3' 8"
Number of Plates in Height: 1
Number of Plates Each Side: 2 sides & part of 3rd side glazed with 1 plate ea.
Thickness of Plates: About 1/4"
Size of Plates: 5' 1.5" x 3' 8"; 3' 8" x 3' 8"; 4' 4" x 3' 8" (1 each size)
Number of Storm Panes: 1 extra pane of each kind on hand
Unglazed Side of Lantern: 2 sides & part of 3rd unglazed. Light is only visible on range lines
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Wood
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Shingle roof
Ventilator / Cowl: Copper
Lightning Spindle: Copper
Description of Lightning Rod: Copper cable - fastened to spindle with wire rope clips, extends down S side of tower to std. ground connection.
Balustrade: Gallery of wood covered with canvas. Iron pipe railing no balusters.
Lantern Doors: Swinging wooden door, provided with knobs & lock
Floor of Lantern: Wood
Watchroom Doors: Hung on hinges & provided with lock.
Parapet Diameter: 7' 3" x 12' 3" in plan
Location / Number: 4 in lower wall of lantern; all have disc covers
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Metal brackets are secured into window jamb spring curtains.

How is Watchroom Fitted: 1 closet, 1 window, door leading up to lantern & door opening on the elevated board walk.
How is Relief Called: Station is provided with call bell system which is operated when clock stops
Where is Call System Led: Wires run overhead from tower to dwelling
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus: Occulting machinery will run about 7 hours
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: #1 Barbier & Fenestre; #2 Henry Le Paute
Year Made: Not known
Marks and Number: None except names of makers
Order of Apparatus: #1; Range lens 5th order; #2: 5th order lens
Inside Diameter: #1: range lens; #2 14 3/4"
Light Characteristic: Fixed white 2 sec eclipse 1 sec
Time of Revolution: Not moveable
Flash Interval: 2 sec
Duration of Flash: 1 sec
Arc of Each Fixed Part: #1 is range lens; #2 270 degrees
Number of Panels: #1 is range lens; #2 has 3 panels & a reflector
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: #1 - 3; #2 - 5
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: #1 - 4 circular prisms, outermost 25.5" dia.; #2 4
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: #2 - 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced: By brass shade or sleeve lifted & dropped around chimney by clockwork
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: #1 cast iron 34" high; #2 cast iron 43 3/4" high
Service Table: Both of iron fan shaped
Draft Tube Description: None
Revolving Machinery: Not revolving
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube: Both about 29'
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time: Occulting machinery will run about 7 hours
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection: By glass cases
Regulated: By vertical 2 fan governor attached to clock work
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: No color
Red Sectors Description: No red sector
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: #1 constant level - 1 wick; #2 Improved standard 5th order lamp - 1 wick
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: #1 - 1 (3 lamps in all); #2 - 1 (3 lamps in all)
Number of Spare Burners: None except that on spare lamp
Candle Power:

Clock Cord Description
Revolving Cord: Both occulting cords
Size of Clock Cord:
Length of Clock Cord:
How Led: Drop vert. down from clocks to traveling pulley on WR ceiling thence to pulley in top of weight box
Diameter and Length of Clock Drum:

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 1 wick each lens
Diameter of Outside Wick: 1 3/16" each
Diameter of Mantel:
Diameter of Circum Circle:

Occulting Light
Characteristic: Fixed white 2 sec - eclipse 1 sec
Time Limit: About a variation of 1/2 second either way
Eclipse Type: Sleeve
Size and Amplitude: #1 - 3 3/4" dia x 7" high 5 3/4" movement; #2 4" dia. x 6" high 5 3/4" movement
Axis Rotation:
Axis Relation:
Screen Revolution:
Screen Number:
Screen Time:
Screen Form:
Screen Mounting:
Screen Order:
Screen Date:
Valve Maker:
Valve Pattern:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: 1 closet. It has hinged door but no shelf
Oil House Description: Brick oil house located about 40' E of dwelling. It has concrete floor & set of shelves for paints
Oil House Inside Dimension: 7' x 10'
Oil House Construction Material: Brick
Oil House Capacity: 1200 gal
Other (Describe): On 1st floor of dwelling, pantry has shelves & used for storage of food; also 2 closets both have shelves; 1 used for dishes & 1 general storage. 2nd floor 3 closets all have shelves & used for clothes. Storehouse, 14' x 17' 3" about 95' SW of tower.
Suitability: Dry & suitable
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: Fog bell struck by machinery
Time to Start: About 1/2 minute
How Long Will Pressure Last:
Manufacturer: Striking machinery made by Gamewell Fire Alarm Tel Co., Boston, Mass
Year of Manufacture: Not known
Characteristic: Double blow every 30 sec
Duplication: None
Timing Device:
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown:
Height Above Water:
Compass Direction:
Distance and Direction: Bell is supported on tower
Water Supply: None required
Reached from Lighthouse: By elevated board walk
Description of Fog Signal Building: Bell is on tower. Tower is frame structure on concrete base.
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Bell Signal
Weight: 2,000 lbs
Metal: Bell metal
Diameter: 47"
Height: 35"
Time: 3 hours 45 minutes
Manufacturer: McShane Bell Foundry, Balto. MD, 1908
Weights for Operation:
Location: 55' SW of tower
Coloring: Light brown with lighter trimmings
Construction Materials: Frame, stone wall foundation
Number of Rooms: 6
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1 keeper
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Brick oil house, frame barn, privy & frame storehouse
Outhouse Coloring: Light brown with lighter trimmings - oil house red brick - not painted
Paths and Walks: Brick & gravel walks
Area Inclosed: About 5 acres, board & wire fences
Area of Garden: None
Area Timber or Shrubbery: None
Cultivation Area Available: All of premises not occupied with bldgs grounds etc.
Area Cultivated: None
Character of Surroundings: Farming lands
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: From well & roof of dwelling by means of downspouts to cistern
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: No
Purity Precaution: Downspouts have been provided with cutoffs
Tank Capacity: Cistern is under dwelling, cap about 2800 gal
Tank Material: Brick
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description: Open well, depth 24'
Well Diameter: 3' 6"
Well Lining: Lined with brick
Pump or Bucket: Pump
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling: About 25'
General Opinion: Healthful
Diseases: None
Local Causes: No
Recommended Improvements: No
Access to Lighthouse:
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Station is nicely located on high bluff & is well kept & cared for. When tower was moved forward to suit new channels, intersection of 2 ranges would not lie in it, so 2 lens' were installed - 1 for each range.