Report for Bergen Point Light Station (New Jersey) - 1880

General
District: 3rd
Inspector: Genl. J.C. Duane, Engineer, 3rd LH Dist.
Location: On reef of rocks near Bergen Point at entrance of Newark Bay from KillvanKull, NJ
Date of Report: 02/03/1880
Latitude: 40° 38' 32"
Longitude: 74° 08' 56"
Premises
Site:
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site:
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil: Built on reef of rocks - rip-rap foundation.
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark:
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Railing to stone pier
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By small boat from Bergen Point, MD or from Steamboat landing Elin Park, Staten Island, NY.
Distance to Nearest Road: RR station, NJ Central Bergen PL, 1 mile. Steamboat landing, Elem Park 1/4 mile.
Distance to Post Office: 1/2 mile
Distance to Village: 1/4 mile Elin Park, Port Richmond, Staten Island
Facilities for Public Conveyance: Small boat
Facilities for Private Conveyance: By small boat.
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Tower
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 1849
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: 1859
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: Square
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 41' to focal plane
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 48'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Village of Bergen Point passing to starboard.
Color of Tower: Gray
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Natural color of the stone.
Tower Connection: Connected being built in the "L" of dwelling
Object of Navigation: Marks entrance to Newark Bay, local purposes.
Building Materials: Granite
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 20" thick throughout.
Wall Thickness at Parapet: 20" thich throughout.
Diameter at Base: 11' square
Diameter at Parapet: 11' square
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wooden stairs
Number of Landings: 2
Size of Glass: 24 x 13 1/4"; 20.5 x 13 1/4"; 19.5 round
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 18" x 51 1/4"; 24 x 7 1/4"; 27 7 1/4"; 24 x 24"; 11 x 57.5"
Number of Doors: 4, one outside; & 3 into dwelling.
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Rip-rap foundation on the reef of rocks, surmounted by a cut stone pier alternate header & stretcher. 5 courses (10') high & 53' dia.
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern:
Diameter to Glass: 6' 11"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 10
Type of Bars:
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 3'
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 3/8"
Size of Plates: 27" x 36"
Number of Storm Panes: None
Unglazed Side of Lantern: None
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Iron w/ wood parapet
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Iron lined w/ zinc
Ventilator / Cowl: Iron
Lightning Spindle: Iron platinum point
Description of Lightning Rod: Copper wire rope lead from spindle down SE corner of tower to pier & over into water.
Balustrade: Iron
Lantern Doors: Hung on butts & catch latch.
Floor of Lantern: Iron
Watchroom Doors: Trap door in floor of lantern - reached by a step ladder from landing below.
Parapet Diameter:
Ventilators
Location / Number: 5 in parapet of lantern
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None required
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Buttons screwed into iron frame of lantern.
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker:
Year Made:
Marks and Number:
Order of Apparatus: 6th
Inside Diameter:
Light Characteristic: Fixed white
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: 315 degrees fixed; Compass bearings E x N x S'd & W'd to N x E
Number of Panels: 4
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 7
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 5
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Iron
Service Table: Iron
Draft Tube Description: None
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Regulated:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description: White
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Flat wick lamps for mineral oil
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps:
Number of Spare Burners:
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use:
Oil House Description: In the cellar under Dwelling, no fittings.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity: 1 - 100 gallon oil butt; 1 - 50 gallon oil butt. Oil butts placed on oil butt bench.
Other (Describe): 3 on the 1st story & 4 on the 2nd - provided w/ shelves, etc.
Suitability: Dry & suited to purposes for which designed.
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: Bell
Time to Start:
How Long Will Pressure Last:
Manufacturer:
Year of Manufacture:
Characteristic: Struck by machinery every 15 secs (Stevens apparatus)
Duplication:
Timing Device:
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown:
Height Above Water:
Compass Direction:
Location: Hung from upper windows, S side of tower.
Distance and Direction:
Water Supply:
Reached from Lighthouse:
Description of Fog Signal Building:
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Dwelling
Location: Forms an "L" around the tower.
Coloring:
Construction Materials: Frame bldg tin roof.
Number of Rooms: 6 rooms, 3 each floor.
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses:
Outhouse Coloring:
Paths and Walks:
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available:
Area Cultivated:
Character of Surroundings:
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
Lamps:
Water
How Procured: Rain water
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: No
Purity Precaution: Charcoal filter
Tank Capacity: 5800 gallons under kitchen in the pier.
Tank Material: Brick lined w/ cement.
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
Healthfulness
General Opinion: Good
Diseases: None
Prevalency: No
Local Causes: No
Recommended Improvements: No