Report for Manhattan Range Front Beacon (Ohio) - 1909

District: 10th
Inspector: Chas. Bartlett, Chief Clerk & Norris Works, Supt.
Location: On W'ly side of mouth of Maumee River, at Grassy Point & 25549' (4 5/6 miles) S 57 degrees 45' W from inner light of Maumee Bay Str. Channel Range.
Date of Report: 02/03/1909
Latitude: 41° 41' 37"
Longitude: 83° 28' 23"
Site: Deed & concurrent jurisdiction ceded to state of Ohio.
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 02/28/1894
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 200' x 200' = 40,000 sq. ft. = 0.92 acres
Area Inclosed: Not inclosed
Character of Soil: Clay
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: 6'
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: None
Wharf or Landing on Premises: Landing at dock, about 50' on S side of tower.
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: None
Means to Reach Light Station: From boat house at Rear Beacon: by row boat to entrance to lagoon, Bay View Park, there is no walk to town.
Distance to Nearest Road: In city of Toledo. Public streets of Toledo, about 1/2 mile.
Distance to Post Office:
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Tower
Number of Separate Lights: One
First Built or Established: 1895
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: Square
Form of Tower: Pyramidal
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 26'
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 28'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Park, building & tiers of city - back of Rear Beacon.
Color of Tower: White, with green shutters
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Dwelling at Rear Beacon, 3470' distant.
Object of Navigation: Range light for navigation of inner end of straight channel.
Building Materials: Wood
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 8"
Wall Thickness at Parapet: 8"
Diameter at Base: 11' 6"
Diameter at Parapet: 8' 8"
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wooden step ladder
Number of Landings: None
Size of Glass: 9" x 10"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 2 - 2 sash each, with 4 lts, 9" x 10" each.
Number of Doors: 1
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Beacon rests on pile foundation trussed together with iron channels, iron caps, & sleeves on piles & truss rods.
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Clay, soil was dredged from bottom of river for park improvement.
Soil Susceptibility: No
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass: 7'
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 8
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 36"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 1/4"
Size of Plates: 33 3/4" x 36"
Number of Storm Panes: None
Unglazed Side of Lantern: None
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Cast iron frame & dome on wooden parapet.
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Cast iron lined with zinc.
Ventilator / Cowl: Cast iron
Lightning Spindle: Iron
Description of Lightning Rod: 3/8" copper rod led over side of tower into ground.
Balustrade: Of wood, covered with copper. Railing & posts made of wood, lower part of posts covered with copper.
Lantern Doors: Low door, thru parapet, below glass, fitted with single inside wooden door & double (2 sections) outside storm doors.
Floor of Lantern: Wood, painted drab
Watchroom Doors: Wooden trap door
Parapet Diameter: 6' 7 5/8"
Location / Number: 4 brass revolving, painted red.
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Brass, screwed into corners of lantern.
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: USLH Depot
Year Made:
Marks and Number:
Order of Apparatus: 6th order - 270 degrees
Inside Diameter: 11 13/16"
Light Characteristic: Fixed red
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: 270 degrees visible between bearings S 77 degrees 15' E to N 12 degrees 45' E; Azimuth 102 -45 to 12 - 45; 135 degrees on each side of range line, which bears S 57 degrees 45' W.
Number of Panels: 3
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 1
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 3
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Iron
Service Table: Wood, over steps
Draft Tube Description: 2.5" brass tube
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: Ruby chimney
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: 5th order
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 3
Number of Spare Burners: None
Candle Power:

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 1 circular wick
Diameter of Outside Wick: 1 1/4"
Diameter of Mantel:
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: Corner closet on 1st floor of tower. Also shelf with locker underneath & spares under step for oil.
Oil House Description: Oil house at rear tower used. Only 1 5-gal can kept at tower.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): 1st story of tower was formerly fitted for keeper to sleep there, with stove, cot & coal box outside. These have never been removed as keeper does not sleep at tower now.
General Opinion: Healthful
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements:
Access to Lighthouse: Boathouse at rear beacon. Beacon may be reached by row boat to dock along side of River. Landing on same about 75' S of tower. Or landing may be made at entrance to Lagoon, Bay View Park, thence walk to beacon 1150'.
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: