Report for Ludlam Beach Light Station (New Jersey) - 1907

General
District: 4th
Inspector: H. Bamber, Assistant Engineer
Location: On Ludlam Beach, Sea Isle City, seacoast of NJ
Date of Report: 11/20/1907
Latitude: 39° 09' 42"
Longitude: 74° 41' 05"
Premises
Site: Purchase
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 03/08/1885
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 9,680 sq. ft.
Area Inclosed: No enclosure except sea wall, which rises 4 or more feet above the beach
Character of Soil: Gravel covers sand fill inside of sea wall.
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: About 15'
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: None, except sea wall
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: RR to Sea Isle City, NJ
Distance to Nearest Road: Station is at intersection of Atlantic Street & Marine Place. Distance to RR station about 7/8 mile by streets.
Distance to Post Office: About 1 mile
Distance to Village: Station is in Sea Isle City, NJ
Facilities for Public Conveyance: Busses meet trains in summer. Street cars run about 2 1/2 months in summer.
Facilities for Private Conveyance: None
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Lantern tower on frame dwelling forming a lighthouse.
Number of Separate Lights: One
First Built or Established: 1885
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date: Fair
Shape of Tower in Plan: Lantern tower is square
Form of Tower: Lantern tower is prismatic
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: About 35' 6"
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 36'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Distant trees
Color of Tower: Drab, with lead colored trimmings & green shutters. Lantern black.
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Lantern tower is on dwelling.
Object of Navigation: Sea coast for general navigating purposes.
Building Materials: Frame structure
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 13" (brick at ground line)
Wall Thickness at Parapet: 7" (frame)
Diameter at Base: Lantern tower square, 9' 6" x 9' 6" (outside)
Diameter at Parapet: Lantern tower square, 9' 6" x 9' 6" (outside)
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wooden
Number of Landings: None
Size of Glass: 15" x 2' 8"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 1 window, lower sash 2' 10.5" x 3'; upper sash 2' 10.5" x 2' 11"
Number of Doors: 21
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Brick, 6' 3" foundation is on sand. (Mud was found below sand when sea wall was constructed)
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Lot covered with gravel, surrounding soil sand.
Soil Susceptibility: Sand is not fertile
Miscellaneous Remarks: Lighthouse stands on crest of beach, at upper end of Sea Isle City.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern: From floor to glass, cylindrical; above this polygonal
Diameter to Glass: 7' 2"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 10
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 3'
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: About 1/4"
Size of Plates: 4 plates of glass are 2' 3 1/4" x 3' 3/8"
Number of Storm Panes: None
Unglazed Side of Lantern: 6 plates 216 degrees of arc
What Bearings: N 1/4 E & SW 9/16 S (Dark sector inc'd by 4" strip of wood set against post
Construction Material Lantern: Parapet wall, wood; sills, roof, posts, etc. cast iron; stop screws bronze
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Cast iron
Ventilator / Cowl: Cast iron
Lightning Spindle: Iron
Description of Lightning Rod: Iron pinnacle of lantern provided with platinum tipped point. Each of 2 chimneys prov. with 3/4" iron pipe, rising about 3' above top & carrying 7-prong point, ctr 1 is tipped with platinum. Eye bolt in sill & pt. on chimneys conn'd with 1/2" copper cable
Balustrade: Wood
Lantern Doors: Wooden door, hung on hinges & fitted with hook & eye.
Floor of Lantern: Wood
Watchroom Doors: Hinged wooden trap door in lantern floor provided with small lifting ring.
Parapet Diameter: 6' 8"
Ventilators
Location / Number: 4 ventilators in lower wall of lantern covered with brass registers. Diameter about 5"
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Plain brass hook screwed into top of each lantern post.


Watchroom
How is Watchroom Fitted: Cupboard with shelves & ladder leading to lantern
How is Relief Called:
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus: 5 hours
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Barbier & Fenestre Cie A Paris;
Year Made: Lens: not marked; clock:1877
Marks and Number: "Barbier & Fenestre Cie A Paris"; On clock "Etats Unis 5 me order a' eclipse de 15 seconds Henry LePaute, Sugenarian Constructeurs Paris, 1877 HL/308"
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter: 19 3/4"
Light Characteristic: Flashing white every 15 seconds
Time of Revolution: 1.5 minutes
Flash Interval: 15 seconds
Duration of Flash: About 2 seconds
Arc of Each Fixed Part: No fixed part
Number of Panels: 6
Number of Flash Panels: 6
Arc of Each: 60 degrees
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 3
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 6
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 4
Does Apparatus Revolve?: True
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced: Whole lens revolves
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Square cast iron clock case, surmounted by round lens seat. Base is 21 3/4" x 21 3/4" x 3' 2" high.
Service Table: None
Draft Tube Description: None
Revolving Machinery: Weight actuated clock, having a pinion on vertical shaft, engaging with large cog wheel on base of lens.
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls: Pivot 1 1/8" diam, bearing surface, abt 3/16" diam
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube: About 21'
Clock Weight: Clock by Henry LePaute
Length of Winding Time: 5 hours
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection: Cast iron frame glass panel case serving as pedestal of lens.
Regulated: By 4-wing vertical governor. 2 lower wings abt 4.5" x 6" in size & 2 upper wings abt 2.5" x 4.5".
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: No color
Red Sectors Description: No red sector
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Standard 4th order
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 1 (3 in all)
Number of Spare Burners:
Candle Power:


Clock Cord Description
Revolving Cord:
Size of Clock Cord:
Length of Clock Cord:
How Led: Vert. down from drum of clock through lantern floor, thence to left to top of weight tube loc. near ctr of left side of lantern tower
Diameter and Length of Clock Drum:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: 1 cupboard in watchroom provided with shelves, used for lamp supplies, etc.
Oil House Description: Brick oil house, 8' x 12' in plan, situated about 18' W of lighthouse. It has a wooden floor & swinging door. No shelves.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): 1 closet in kitchen fitted with shelves & hooks & used for clothes; a pantry in kitchen, Under stairway is closet fitted with shelves & used for gen. purposes. There's a closet in each of 2nd floor bedrooms, fitted with a shelf & hooks & used for clothes.
Suitability: Dry & suitable
Dwelling
Location: Lantern is on dwelling, forming a lighthouse
Coloring: Drab, with lead colored trimmings, green shutters & black lantern
Construction Materials: Frame, brick foundation
Number of Rooms: 7
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Brick oil house & privy
Outhouse Coloring: Natural red brick
Paths and Walks: Brick walks extend from city boardwalk around lighthouse & privy
Area Inclosed: No inclosures, except seawall
Area of Garden: None
Area Timber or Shrubbery: None
Cultivation Area Available: None
Area Cultivated: None
Character of Surroundings: Sandy ocean beach & salt marsh
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
Lamps:
Water
How Procured: From city water works, through pipe connections & from roof of lighthouse through downspouts to cistern.
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: Not liable
Purity Precaution: Downspouts are provided with cutoffs
Tank Capacity: Cistern located under lighthouse; cap 3440 gals
Tank Material: Brick
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
Healthfulness
General Opinion: Healthful
Diseases: No prevalent diseases (Keeper)
Prevalency:
Local Causes: No
Recommended Improvements: No
Miscellaneous
Access to Lighthouse: No wharf
Distance and Direction: No wharf
Miscellaneous Remarks: The general character & condition of premises, etc. are good.