Report for Lower Cedar Point (Maryland) - 1938

District: 5th
Inspector: Major W.E. Craighill, Lighthouse Engineer
Location: On E'ly end of Yates Shoal, MD., W'ly side of Potomac River, opposite to Lower Cedar Point, & above Kettle Bottom Shoals
Date of Report: 01/16/1938
Latitude: 38° 20' 24"
Longitude: 76° 59' 38"
Site: Submarine
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site:
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark:
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence:
Wharf or Landing on Premises: Marine site
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By boat
Distance to Nearest Road: 4.5 miles to Baltimore & Potomac RR station, Popes Creek
Distance to Post Office: 4 miles Wagride P.O. MD.
Distance to Village: 1 mile Dahlgreen
Facilities for Public Conveyance: Bus to Morgantown & then boat to station
Facilities for Private Conveyance: By boat from Dahlgreen VA.
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Dwelling
Number of Separate Lights: One
First Built or Established: 1837
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: 1896
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: Square
Form of Tower: No tower
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 38'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Sky & water
Color of Tower: White with red roof
Color of Tower/ How Produced: By paint
Tower Connection:
Object of Navigation: Local navigation
Building Materials: Wood & iron
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wooden
Number of Landings: 2
Size of Glass: 8" x 12"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 6, 27" x 28"
Number of Doors: 18
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Not Known
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass: 7' 9"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 8
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 36.5"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 3/8"
Size of Plates: 34" x 36.5"
Number of Storm Panes: 8
Unglazed Side of Lantern: None
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Iron, wood & copper
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Copper
Ventilator / Cowl: Copper
Lightning Spindle: Brass
Description of Lightning Rod: Copper; led from spindle to roof & side of house to foundation
Balustrade: Wood
Lantern Doors: Wood, fitted with hinges to frame of lantern
Floor of Lantern: Wood
Watchroom Doors: Wood door fitted with hinges & lock
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: Lower part of lantern
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: 1, of wood
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Brass, screwed into frame of lantern
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Not known
Year Made: Not known
Marks and Number: None
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter: 19.5"
Light Characteristic: Fixed white
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels: 4
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 7
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 6
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description: Inverted funnel 23.5" dia, center 2 3/4" dia, constructed of sheet iron & leading into ventilator ball.
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description: On chariot, but it does not revolve.
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached: Directly against lantern glass
Form of Colored Glass: 13' 12" x 36" x 1/16" ruby glass
Lamp Description: Aladdin, one wick
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 1
Number of Spare Burners: 3
Candle Power:

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 1
Diameter of Outside Wick: 1 5/8"
Diameter of Mantel:
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use:
Oil House Description: Discontinued
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material: 275 gal. steel oil tank under house
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): On 1st floor, 1 closet in bed room, 1 in kitchen & 1 in living room; on 2nd floor, 1 closet for glass: Fitted with shelves & hooks.
Suitability: Suited
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: Bell & Gamewell machine
Time to Start: Can be started at once
How Long Will Pressure Last:
Manufacturer: Gamewell Fire Alarm & Telegraph Co., Boston, Mass.
Year of Manufacture: Not known
Characteristic: Single blow every 12 seconds
Duplication: 1 connecting rod & 1 spring
Timing Device:
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown:
Height Above Water:
Compass Direction:
Location: To direct vessels during fog. Bell on roof of 1st floor; bell striker on 2nd floor
Distance and Direction:
Water Supply:
Reached from Lighthouse:
Description of Fog Signal Building:
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Bell Signal
Weight: 1200 lbs
Metal: Bell metal
Diameter: 36"
Height: 30"
Time: 1 hour 15 minutes
Manufacturer: McShane Bell Fdy, Balto 1896
Weights for Operation:
Location: No tower
Coloring: White
Construction Materials: Wood & iron
Number of Rooms: 7
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant: Liebrandt & McDowell Stove Co, Phila & Balto.
Number of Keepers: 1 keeper & 1 assistant
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouse Coloring:
Paths and Walks:
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available:
Area Cultivated:
Character of Surroundings:
Stove, Maker: Liebrandt & McDowell, Phil
Stove, Size: #7
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size: 6" deep x 13" wide x 25 " long; center drain
Pump, Maker: None
Pump, Size:
How Procured: From roof
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: No, protected by stone piles above & below station
Purity Precaution: Cleaning tanks
Tank Capacity: 3 tanks, 200 gal each; on 1st floor
Tank Material: Wood, iron tank removed
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Healthy
Diseases: None
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements:
Access to Lighthouse: Sub platform halfway between boat landing & main deck
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Station protected by 2 stone piles on N'ly side & 2 stone piles on S'ly side.
Boat #1
Boat Number: 527
Type: Motor boat
Length: 5' 10"
Width: 18'
When Built:
Date Harbored at Station: 4/17/1937
Sails: False
Suited to Work: Hull in poor condition
Boat #2
Boat Number: 550
Type: Row boat
Length: 4' 4"
Width: 15' 8"
When Built:
Date Harbored at Station: 7/29/1937
Sails: False
Suited to Work: Boat in good condition

Power Boat
Engine Type: Lathrop # 23792
Horsepower: 4
Engine Maker: J.W. Lathrop & Co. Mystic Conn.
Spare Coil: American Electric Works; Phil. PA
Magnet: Not given
Battery: 6 dry cell batteries
Propeller Diameter: 14"
Propeller Pitch: 14"