Report for Lower Cedar Point (Maryland) - 1867

District: 5th
Inspector: J.M. Berrien
Location: Potomac River
Date of Report: 09/09/1867
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site:
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark:
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence:
Wharf or Landing on Premises:
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station:
Distance to Nearest Road:
Distance to Post Office:
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Screwpile
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established:
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water:
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea:
Color of Tower:
Color of Tower/ How Produced:
Tower Connection:
Object of Navigation:
Building Materials:
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps:
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass:
Number of Windows and Size of Sash:
Number of Doors:
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface:
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks: There is a time piece in good order kept in the sitting room.
Location / Number:
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: There is one (short) ladder.
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: There is none provided.

How is Watchroom Fitted:
How is Relief Called: There is no bell for calling relief.
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker:
Year Made:
Marks and Number:
Order of Apparatus: 5th
Inside Diameter:
Light Characteristic: Fixed white
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels:
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum:
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum:
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description:
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Lens of the 5th order - Franklin lamp.
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 1 in good condition.
Number of Spare Burners: There are 2 in good condition.
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use:
Oil House Description:
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): There is a closet provided for the preservation of utensils, wicks, chimneys and cleaning materials. There is also a closet provided for paints, oils, spirits of turpentine, paint-brushes, etc..
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: There is a fog bell worked by hand.
Time to Start:
How Long Will Pressure Last:
Year of Manufacture:
Timing Device:
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown:
Height Above Water:
Compass Direction:
Distance and Direction:
Water Supply:
Reached from Lighthouse:
Description of Fog Signal Building:
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Boat Number: 0
Length: 5' 4"
Width: 17' 6"
When Built:
Date Harbored at Station:
Sails: False
Suited to Work: Very good condition
Lantern: It was in good condition.
Illuminating Apparatus: The lens was clean in all parts.
Service Lamp: It was in good condition in all respects.
Oil: It was very clean & had been filtered.
Service Lamp Burner: It was free from gummy or burnt oil, clean & wick well trimmed.
Service Lamp Burner Level: It was found to be level. The keeper was requested to make himself acquainted w/ the process of centering the lamp burner.
Plate Glass: It was clean & in most excellent condition.
Lens Cover: It was on; perfectly clean, made of white linen sheeting & placed in one of the rooms below when not wanted.
Lantern Curtains: They were up - very clean. They are put up & taken down as above; when not in use kept in one of the rooms below.
Carillon or Alarm Bell: There is no alarm bell.
Rod Lamp: There was one in good condition, filled & ready to take the place of the service lamp, in case it was called for.
Stairway and Landing: Very clean.
Inside of Tower:
Glazing of Dwelling: In good condition
Improvements Needed: None are needed.

Equipment Care
Does Keeper Understand the Use and Care of
Lens: Lens is never touched improperly.
Lantern and Trap Doors: These doors fit tightly.
Watch or Trimming Room: There were no greasy rags etc. to be seen in the rooms mentioned.
Lucernes or Matches: There were none of the above named articles to be seen at the inspection.
Heater: Keeper understands use of heater.
Ventilation: Keeper understands use of the ventilators & how to air the bldg.
Dome: They were painted according to instructions & in good order. The conductor was in good condition.

Oil Room
Oil Room Condition: It is in good condition; there does not appear to be any waste of oil.
Oil Carriers: In good condition & arranged in order for use.
Number of 100 Gallon Oil Butts: 1 (25 gallons)
Number of 50 Gallon Oil Butts: 2
Number of Small Butts for Waste Oil: 1 - 10 gallons
Number of Dripping Buckets: 1
Number of Oil Tanks: 4, holding 135 gallons.
Oil Butts Made According to Regulation: The oil butts are built according to the directions of the LH Board.
Oil Butt Covers: Gutters were not filled. Keeper's attention called to it. Air cocks were closed.
Drip Bucket Placement: There was a bucket & an oil cup so hung.
Oil Butt Platform: The oil butts are placed upon a raised frame to keep them off the floor.
Empty Oil Butts: There was no empty oil butt.

Tool Chests and Presses
Cleaning Materials Put Away: They are so put up & packed.
Paints Separate: They are kept separate.
Tool Chest: There is a tool chest.
Tool Condition: They were not very well arranged though they were clean.
Tools Free from Rust: They were in good condition but not greased.
Closets Clean: They are kept properly aired.
Service Box In Good Order: They were in good order & well arranged.
Trimming Scissors Clean: Yes
Brushes and Floor Clothes: They are in good order & in their proper places.
Lantern Condition: Very good.

Keeper and Assistants
Keeper Appearance: Very much so.
Keeper Interested in Duties: He does
Keeper Capacity for Duties: He does.
Keeper Understanding of Regulations: He seems to understand & to wish to conform to them.
Keeper Complaints: He made no complaints.
Keeper Family: Keeper has no family.
Keeper Name: T. T. Burroughs
Keeper Age: Young
Keeper Present or Absent: Present
Number of Assistants: 1 assistant is allowed
Assistants Attend to Duty: The assistant attends regularly to his duties.
Assistants Capability: The assistant appears to be very capable.
Assistants Complaints: He made none.
Assistants Family:
Assistant Keeper Names: B.F. Langley, young.
Did Principal and Assistant Keepers Accompany the Inspector?: They both accompanied me through the bldg.

Account and Regulations Books
Account Books
Daily Expenditures Posted: Yes
Quarterly Returns on Hand: Yes
Receipt and Expenditure Accounts Kept: Yes
Shipwreck and Vessels Passed Book: Yes
Regulations, Instructions, and Directions
Rules and Regulations Copies: 1
Instructions and Directions Copies: 1
Placard Directions Copies:
Notice to Visitors Copies: 1
Summary of Duties:
Index of Instructions: 1
Guide for Mixed Paints: 1
Directions for Purifying Water:
Placards Easily Visible: Yes
Books Easily Accessible: Yes
Blank Books and Forms: