Report for Little Tinicum Island Range Rear (New Jersey) - 1908

District: 4th
Inspector: Thos. J. Rout, Jr. Draftsman
Location: Nearly 5/8 mile 99 degrees 47' (E 7/8 S) in rear of Billingsport front light of this range, toward Billingsport, NJ
Date of Report: 06/19/1908
Latitude: 39° 50' 51"
Longitude: 75° 14' 24"
Site: Purchase
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 03/01/1880
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: About 4.8 acres
Area Inclosed: About 4.8 acres
Character of Soil: Sandy loam
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: About 3/16 mile
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Board & wire fences
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: None
Means to Reach Light Station: By RR to Paulsboro, NJ & thence by private conveyance to station.
Distance to Nearest Road: Station is on public road. Distance to nearest RR about 7/8 mile by road.
Distance to Post Office: About 7/8 miles by road
Distance to Village: About 7/8 miles to Paulsboro, NJ
Facilities for Public Conveyance: Carriages meet trains at Paulsboro
Facilities for Private Conveyance: There are livery stables in Paulsboro. Distance about 7/8 mile
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Tower
Number of Separate Lights: One
First Built or Established: 1880
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: Skeleton framework is hexagonal, stairway shell is circular.
Form of Tower: Skeleton framework pyramidal, stairway shell cylindrical
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: About 87.5'; From ground to top of pier 34'.
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 112'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Trees & sky
Color of Tower: Black
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Detached
Object of Navigation: Channel & range for general navigating purposes
Building Materials: Iron
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: Stairway shell - 1/4"
Wall Thickness at Parapet: Stairway shell - 1/4"
Diameter at Base: Skeleton framework about 34'; stairway shell 8'
Diameter at Parapet: Skeleton framework about 10'; stairway shell 8'
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Spiral cast iron
Number of Landings: 3
Size of Glass: 10.5" x 23 3/4" & 12" x 15.5"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 11; 7 on 1st floor & 3 in tower 26.5" x 4' 6"; 1 in watchroom 19" x 30"
Number of Doors: 6
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Stone piers depth about 4.5'
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Sandy loam
Soil Susceptibility: Yes
Miscellaneous Remarks: Tower is in good condition & well painted. Site in good condition & in grass.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 5th order range
Shape of Lantern: Cylindrical in plan, 10 sides above glass sill.
Diameter to Glass: 7' 2" from rear of lantern to glass
Diameter in the Clear: About 7'
Number of Sides: Circular in plan
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 36 1/4"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 1/4"
Size of Plates: 27.5" x 36 3/8"
Number of Storm Panes: One
Unglazed Side of Lantern: 7 plates - 252 degrees
What Bearings: 187 degrees 20' (S 5/8 W) to 79 degrees 20' (E x N)
Construction Material Lantern: Lantern of iron, inner side of lower wall lined with wood.
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Cast iron
Ventilator / Cowl: Cast iron
Lightning Spindle: Brass
Description of Lightning Rod: No conductor except tower, which is iron & grounded through anchor bolts
Balustrade: Outside gallery of cast iron, railing of iron pipe, no balusters.
Lantern Doors: Wooden door - outside lined with iron - opening 25" x 38 1/4". It has brass hinges, iron handle, 2 knobs & lantern.
Floor of Lantern: Cast iron
Watchroom Doors: Hinged door provided with lock & knob. No trap door in lantern floor.
Parapet Diameter: 8'
Location / Number: None
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Brass hooks tapped into top of lantern posts.

How is Watchroom Fitted: 1 window & 1 large closet, no shelves. 1 small closet with shelves. Door leading down to 1st floor & door & stairs up to lantern
How is Relief Called:
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Sautter - other portions of name not visible
Year Made: Not known
Marks and Number: None, except name of maker
Order of Apparatus: 5th
Inside Diameter: 14 3/4"
Light Characteristic: Fixed white with fixed red sector between 176 degrees (S 3/8 E) & 187 degrees 20' (S 5/8 W)
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: 270 degrees
Number of Panels: 3 panels, 1 reflector
Number of Flash Panels: None
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Cast iron, 43 3/4" high, which rests on wooden block, 4" high.
Service Table: Small cupboard, top 16" x 35", is used as service table. Cupboard has no shelves.
Draft Tube Description: No tube
Revolving Machinery: Not revolving
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: By pane of ruby glass
Red Sectors Description: Between 176 degrees (S 3/8 E) & 187 degrees 20' (S 5/8 W)
Where Color Attached: To lantern by means of brass clips
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Hains lamp, from base to top of button 16" 1 round wick.
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 1 (3 in all)
Number of Spare Burners: None except that on spare lamp.
Candle Power:

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 1 wick
Diameter of Outside Wick: 1 1/8"
Diameter of Mantel:
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: 2 closets, only 1 has shelves; 3 cupboards, 2 have shelves, all used for lamp supplies.
Oil House Description: About 55' SE of tower, 8' x 12' in plan, it has concrete flooor & set of 5 paint shelves 7/8" x 9 3/4" in left end.
Oil House Inside Dimension: 7' 4" x 11' 4"
Oil House Construction Material: Brick
Oil House Capacity: 2600 gals
Other (Describe): Pantry on 1st floor of dwelling, has window & shelves & used for storage of food. 2 closets 1st floor, each have shelves, 1 used for clothes, other gen. storage. 3 closets on 2nd floor used for clothes, all have shelves. Cellar & attic used for storage
Suitability: Dry & suitable
Location: Dwelling about 23' N of center of tower.
Coloring: White - lead colored trimmings - green blinds
Construction Materials: Frame - stone wall foundation
Number of Rooms: 7
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Frame barn, brick oil house, frame privy
Outhouse Coloring: White - lead colored trimmings. Oil house - unpainted brick brown trim & roof
Paths and Walks: Brick
Area Inclosed: About 4.8 acres. Board & wire fences
Area of Garden: 150' x 150'
Area Timber or Shrubbery: About 75 Norway pines are planted along N & E sides of reservation.
Cultivation Area Available: All of premises not occupied by buildings & grounds.
Area Cultivated: 150' x 150'
Character of Surroundings: Originally farming lands, now village lots.
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: Station supplied water by Water Co. through pipe connections. Also has a well & water is collected from roof, but cistern & well water not used.
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: Not liable
Purity Precaution: Downspouts have been provided with cutoffs
Tank Capacity: Cistern under dwelling, cap about 3700 gal.
Tank Material: Brick & stone
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description: Open well 33' deep; 3" driven well point ext. 6' below bottom of open well put in 1897. This gave flow of 400 gal/hr.
Well Diameter: 4' 6"
Well Lining: Brick
Pump or Bucket: Pump
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling: Well is under dwelling. Water not used.
General Opinion: Healthful
Diseases: None
Local Causes: No
Recommended Improvements: No
Access to Lighthouse:
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: General character & condition of premises are good. Some high trees on range lines are now being cut out.
Supplemental Reports
October 12, 1909
Misc: It has been found that it's not practicable to obtain necessary results by trimming trees & it will be necessary to increase elevation of light