Report for Key West (Florida) - 1907

District: 7th
Inspector: Major W.E. Craighill, LH Engineer, 7th & 8th Dist.
Date of Report: 09/19/1907
Latitude: 24° 32' 58"
Longitude: 81° 48' 04"
Site: Purchase
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 05/16/1847
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 8/10 acre
Area Inclosed: 7/10 acre
Character of Soil: Dark loam, very fertile, 6-10" deep over coral rock.
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: About 1500'
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Premises inclosed by fence
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: Reservation at corner of Whitehead & Division St. in SE portion of city of Key West.
Means to Reach Light Station: By foot, carriage or electric car running within 1 block of station.
Distance to Nearest Road: Steamboat landing about 1/4 mile.
Distance to Post Office: About 1/8 mile
Distance to Village: Located in city of Key West
Facilities for Public Conveyance: Ample - Coach fare not over 20 cents & electric cars 5 cents each.
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Brick tower
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 1825
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: 1895
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: Circular
Form of Tower: Conical
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 87'
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 90.5'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Principally the horizon
Color of Tower: White, black lantern
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Detached
Object of Navigation: Secondary seacoast light
Building Materials: Brick & iron
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 4'
Wall Thickness at Parapet: 1' 10"
Diameter at Base: 20' outside
Diameter at Parapet: 13' 6" outside
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Spiral stairway, iron steps
Number of Landings: 2
Size of Glass: 8" x 12"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 2 - 2' x 3'; 4 circular 14"
Number of Doors: 2
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Coral rock 1' below surface
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Very rich dark loam overlying coral rock
Soil Susceptibility: Yes
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 3rd
Shape of Lantern: Polygon
Diameter to Glass: 8' 3"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 10
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 5' 9"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 5/16"
Size of Plates: 2' 7.5" x 5' 9.5"
Number of Storm Panes: None
Unglazed Side of Lantern:
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Iron
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Copper
Ventilator / Cowl: Copper
Lightning Spindle: Yes
Description of Lightning Rod: Copper rod, attached by clamp on outside of tower & leads into well.
Balustrade: Yes
Lantern Doors: Has none
Floor of Lantern: Cast iron
Watchroom Doors: None, winding steps
Parapet Diameter: 8' 9"
Location / Number: 4 in watchroom
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Hooks secured to soffit
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Henry LePaute
Year Made: Not on apparatus
Marks and Number: None
Order of Apparatus: 3rd
Inside Diameter: 3' 4"
Light Characteristic: Fixed white with red sectors.
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels: 5
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 13
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 11
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 4
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Cast iron circular
Service Table: None
Draft Tube Description: Sheet iron, 4" dia. rests on crown piece.
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description: 3; from NE 5/8 E to NE x E 13/16 E; from SE 3/8 E to SE 1/8 S; from NW 1/4 N to N 1/4 W
Where Color Attached: To lantern
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Air pressure, 2 wicks
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 1
Number of Spare Burners: 3
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: 1 under steps on top landing - used for storing tools, etc.
Oil House Description: 1 placed SW from tower - brick oil house with necessary shelving.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe):
Location: 1 about 60' SE from tower
Coloring: White with green blinds
Construction Materials: Wood with slate roof.
Number of Rooms: 7 including kitchen
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1 keeper & 1 asst.
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Privy & wash house
Outhouse Coloring: White
Paths and Walks: Walks of crushed coral rock
Area Inclosed: 7/10 acre, inclosed by picket fence
Area of Garden: About 100' square
Area Timber or Shrubbery: Grass & scattered shrubbery - a few trees
Cultivation Area Available: Entire site - 7/10 acre
Area Cultivated: Entire site - 7/10 acre
Character of Surroundings: Very rich, dark loam overlying coral rock.
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: Rain
Quality: Good
Quantity: Fair
Injury Possible: Not liable to be injured
Purity Precaution: Covered to prevent impurities entering
Tank Capacity: 1 - 4600 gal cap.; 1 - 6000 gal cap.
Tank Material: 1 of brick underground - 1 of cypress above ground.
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description: 12' deep - brackish, unfit for drinking
Well Diameter: 4'
Well Lining: Cut in coral rock
Pump or Bucket: Bucket
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling: 20'
General Opinion: Excellent, except when fever visits city, which is now seldom.
Diseases: Yellow & dengue fevers
Prevalency: From July until frost when occurring
Local Causes: None- generally imported from West Indies.
Recommended Improvements: A proper system of sewerage of entire city would undoubtedly be beneficial.
Access to Lighthouse:
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Premises, tower, Keeper's dwelling & illuminating apparatus are all in good condition on this date. Kept by keeper & his wife (who is his asst.). Station located in heart of city & point of interest to numerous visitors from all over the country.