Report for Barnegat (New Jersey) - 1910

District: 4th
Inspector: Roy S. Hankinson, Supt.
Location: On S'ly side of entrance to Barnegat Inlet & on the N'ly end of Long Beach, seacoast of New Jersey.
Date of Report: 02/19/1910
Latitude: 39° 45' 32"
Longitude: 79° 06' 24"
Site: Purchase
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 04/24/1857
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: About 4.5 acres
Area Inclosed: None
Character of Soil: Sand with gravel filling around tower & dwelling
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: About 340'
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: None
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: None
Means to Reach Light Station: By RR to Barnegat City, NJ
Distance to Nearest Road: Distance to public road about 1/8 mile. To RR station about 1/4 mile.
Distance to Post Office: About 1/4 mile
Distance to Village: Light station situated in Barnegat City
Facilities for Public Conveyance: None
Facilities for Private Conveyance: None
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Brick tower
Number of Separate Lights: One
First Built or Established: 1835
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: 1909 Nov & Dec.
Condition at This Date: Excellent
Shape of Tower in Plan: Circular
Form of Tower: Conical
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: About 165' 3" above ground about 161'
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: About 164'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Trees & sky
Color of Tower: Lower half white; upper half red
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Detached
Object of Navigation: Seacoast for general navigating purposes
Building Materials: Brick
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: Outer wall 4' 6"; Inner wall 9"
Wall Thickness at Parapet: Outer wall 1' 8"; Inner wall 9"
Diameter at Base: 28' outside
Diameter at Parapet: 14' outside
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Cast iron spiral stairway
Number of Landings: 7 besides watchroom floor
Size of Glass: 20" x 22" & 10" x 12"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 6 check rail, 2 lts 20" x 22"; 3 check rail 2 lts 10" x 12"; 5 bullseye 8"
Number of Doors: Double entrance door & 6 single doors
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Keeper says that Leander Fox, a mason who helped erect tower, told him that foundation was of stone on piles.
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Sand
Soil Susceptibility: No
Miscellaneous Remarks: Tower out of plumb 2" to W'd, Leander Fox (above mentioned) told Keeper that the excavation for foundation was all in sand. Space around tower & dwellings 90' x 120' inclosed by a concrete retaining wall, with top dressing of gravel over enclosed surface.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 1st
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass: 12'
Diameter in the Clear: About 11' 6"
Number of Sides: 16
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: About 9' 6"
Number of Plates in Height: 3
Number of Plates Each Side: 3
Thickness of Plates: About 1/4"
Size of Plates: Lower 2' 3.5" x 2' 6.5"; Middle 2' 3.5" x 3' 3"; Upper 2' 3.5" x 3' 8.5"
Number of Storm Panes: 4 on hand Nov. 13, 1907
Unglazed Side of Lantern: None
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Metal, posts iron, intermediate sash bars & steps are brass.
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Sheet copper
Ventilator / Cowl: Sheet iron
Lightning Spindle: Bronze or brass
Description of Lightning Rod: 1/2" copper wire cable extends from pinnacle of cowl to std ground connection. Upper end is looped onto sheet copper rod fastened to pinnacle of lantern with copper wire. Rod has conical platinum tip. Cable runs outside of tower.
Balustrade: All iron, height of railing 3' 1/2"
Lantern Doors: Both iron, storm door hung on rollers inside on hinges; Has inside storm door of wood.
Floor of Lantern: Wood
Watchroom Doors: No door from watch room to lantern
Parapet Diameter: 10' 2.5"
Location / Number: 4 8" ventilators in watchroom wall, 5' above floor.
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: 1 iron ladder
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Curtains hung on rollers

How is Watchroom Fitted: Cupboard between pedestal & stairs. Lower part is about 22" x 4' 1" x 2' 9.5" high. Upper is 12" x 3' 2" x 2' 3.5"
How is Relief Called: Telephones
Where is Call System Led: From watchroom down wall, through center column, under ground to dwelling.
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus: 2 hours; only part of weight tube used.
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Herny LePaute
Year Made: 1856
Marks and Number: Etat Unis, Place de Barnegat, appareil lenticular, a eclat prolonges de 10" en 10" construct por Henry LePaute a Paris en 1856
Order of Apparatus: 1st
Inside Diameter: 6' 5/8"
Light Characteristic: Flashing white every 10 seconds
Time of Revolution: 4 minutes
Flash Interval: 10 seconds
Duration of Flash: About 2 seconds
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels: 24
Number of Flash Panels: 24
Arc of Each: 15 degrees
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 17
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 17
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 8
Does Apparatus Revolve?: True
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced: On chariot
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Cast iron, top base of pedestal about 16" above floor, Chariot tracks 2' 8" above bottom of pedestal, leveled by wedges
Service Table: None
Draft Tube Description: Short cast iron tube set inside & attached to spider ring. 5" sheet brass tube extends up to point about 16" below lantern roof lining. Lamp connecting tube is attached to tower end of cast iron tube & damper tube is attached to lantern end of conn'g tube
Revolving Machinery: Large clock with pinion on vertical shaft, engaging with large cog wheel on base of lens frame. Stamped Henry LePaute A Paris 1857
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls: Chariot
Chariot Description: 10 bearing wheels 5.5"; 10 guide wheels in lower set 3.5"; same upper set. Diameter of chariot tracks 2' 1 3/8"
Length of Drop Tube: About 28'
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time: 2 hours; only part of weight tube used.
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection: By brass frame wooden case, 2 sides glazed.
Regulated: Vert. governor having 2 small & 2 large wings, latter automatic'ly adj. by pair of suspended balls
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: White light
Red Sectors Description: None
Where Color Attached: None
Form of Colored Glass: None
Lamp Description: Oil vapor
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: Duplicate burner parts & duplicate oil vapor lamp
Number of Spare Burners: 3 1st order oil burners
Candle Power:

Clock Cord Description
Revolving Cord:
Size of Clock Cord:
Length of Clock Cord:
How Led: Vertically down through watchroom floor, thence horizontally to top of weight tube.
Diameter and Length of Clock Drum:

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels:
Diameter of Outside Wick:
Diameter of Mantel: 55 mm
Diameter of Circum Circle: One

Occulting Light
Characteristic: Not occulting
Time Limit: Could be changed from about 1 flash in 8 sec to 1 flash in 10
Eclipse Type:
Size and Amplitude:
Axis Rotation:
Axis Relation:
Screen Revolution:
Screen Number:
Screen Time:
Screen Form:
Screen Mounting:
Screen Order:
Screen Date:
Valve Maker:
Valve Pattern:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: Besides cupboard in watchroom, there is a book case in tower office also a small cupboard for lamp supplies, etc.
Oil House Description: About 20' N of tower
Oil House Inside Dimension: 14' x 18'
Oil House Construction Material: Brick
Oil House Capacity: About 1600
Other (Describe): Each dwelling has 3 closets on 2nd floor. 1 frame storehouse about 20' S & 1 60' N of tower used for storage of tools & material.
Suitability: Dry & suitable.
Location: About 22' E of tower
Coloring: White with lead colored trimmings & green shutters
Construction Materials: Frame on brick foundation
Number of Rooms: 1 triple dwelling with 18 rooms serves 3 keepers
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1 keeper & 2 assistants each have 6 rooms in dwelling
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: 1 frame privy in 3 separate sections.
Outhouse Coloring: White with lead colored trimmings
Paths and Walks: Board walks
Area Inclosed: None, except a small fence around garden which is only partly on lighthouse reservation
Area of Garden: About 30' x 60'
Area Timber or Shrubbery: None
Cultivation Area Available: Practically none
Area Cultivated: Garden as stated above.
Character of Surroundings: Sand & sand hills which are liable to shift.
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: From well & roof of dwelling by downspouts to cistern
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: No
Purity Precaution: Downspouts have been provided with cutoffs
Tank Capacity: Under dwellings:#1 - 3000 gal; #2 3500 gal.; #3 3500 gal.
Tank Material: Stone & brick
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description: Driven well, depth 18'
Well Diameter: Of pipe 1.5"
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket: Pump
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling: About 4'
General Opinion: Healthful
Diseases: No prevalent diseases
Prevalency: No
Local Causes: No
Recommended Improvements: No
Access to Lighthouse: No wharf or landing except beach on lighthouse reservation
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Station is in excellent condition having been recently painted, a hot water heating system installed in all 3 dwellings & various other repairs made. Oil vapor apparatus for lighting was installed on Feb. 17th.