Report for Horseshoe Upper Front (White) Range East Group (New Jersey) - 1908

District: 4th
Inspector: Thos. J. Rout, Jr, Draftsman
Location: On S'ly bank of Delaware River, in Howell Cove, NJ about 520' (1/12 mile) ENE 3/4 E from red front light of range & abt. 850' (1/8 mile) NE 15/16 N in front of rear light of range
Date of Report: 02/16/1908
Latitude: 39° 52' 25"
Longitude: 75° 08' 56"
Site: Purchase
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 02/11/1881
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: About 8 acres
Area Inclosed: About 6 acres
Character of Soil: Sandy
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: 50'
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Board & wire fences. Lantern enclosed by wire & picket fence.
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: In summer time, steamboat runs from Philadelphia to Washington Park by electric cars from Camden, NJ opposite Philadelphia to Washington Park. Station is short walk from Washington Park.
Distance to Nearest Road: Station is on public road. Distance to RR station (Westville) about 1 1/4 miles; to electric railway, about 1/8 mile.
Distance to Post Office: About 1 1/4 miles by road to Westville.
Distance to Village: About 1 miles by road to Westville, NJ
Facilities for Public Conveyance: By steamboat from Philadelphia during summer season to Washington Park or by electric cars from Camden NJ opposite Philadelphia to Washington Park. Station is short walk from Washington Park.
Facilities for Private Conveyance: No livery stables in Westville. It is a short walk from the steamboat landing or electric railway to station, about 1/8 mile.
Means Used for Support of Lantern: No tower, lantern is about 11" above ground on concrete foundation.
Number of Separate Lights: 1 light in upper Front. Station has 3 lights
First Built or Established: 1881
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: 1907 (moved to present site)
Condition at This Date: Fair
Shape of Tower in Plan: No tower
Form of Tower: No tower
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 13' 6"
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 16' 9"
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Buildings & trees
Color of Tower: Lantern is white
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Painted
Tower Connection: No tower, lantern is detached
Object of Navigation: Channel & range, for general navigating purposes
Building Materials: No tower
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: No tower
Wall Thickness at Parapet: No tower
Diameter at Base: No tower
Diameter at Parapet: No tower
Kind of Stairway and Steps: No tower
Number of Landings: No tower
Size of Glass: No tower
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: No tower
Number of Doors: No tower
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Lantern has concrete foundation, depth about 3'
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Sandy
Soil Susceptibility: Is susceptible.
Miscellaneous Remarks: Lantern on same reservation as rear tower. No tower. Lantern is in fair condition. Soil in front of lantern is wearing away.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th order range
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass: From rear wall to glass, 7' 1.5"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 4
Type of Bars:
Thickness of Bars: None
Height Glazed: 3' 7.5" in front & 4' 5/8" in rear
Number of Plates in Height: Front side has 1 plate
Number of Plates Each Side: Rear has ordinary window of 12 panes, 9" x 12"
Thickness of Plates: Front plate about 1/4"
Size of Plates: Front plate 3' 8" x 3' 8"; Rear window 12 panes 9" x 12" glass
Number of Storm Panes: None
Unglazed Side of Lantern: 2 sides are unglazed
What Bearings: Front glazed side faces down range
Construction Material Lantern: Wood
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Wood covered with tin
Ventilator / Cowl: Sheet iron
Lightning Spindle: Sheet iron
Description of Lightning Rod: Copper rod, having 4 points extends about 16" above spindle; attached to it is 1/10" x 1.5" copper ribbon, extending down left side of lantern to std. ground connection. Rod is fastened to spindle by 2 wrappings of copper wire
Balustrade: None
Lantern Doors: Single wooden door, hung on hinges & provided with a lock
Floor of Lantern: Wood
Watchroom Doors: No watchroom
Parapet Diameter: 6' 10 1/8" x 7' 2"
Location / Number: 2 ventilators in wall of lantern each covered with brass disc
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: Set of small steps rests on ground
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Hooks are screened into window jambs
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus: No machinery
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Not known
Year Made: Not known
Marks and Number: None
Order of Apparatus: Reflector 22" parabolic
Inside Diameter: No lens
Light Characteristic: Fixed white
Time of Revolution: Not moveable
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels: No lens, 22" silvered parabolic reflector used
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum:
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum:
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: None. Lamp & reflector supported by top of wooden cupboard, 47 1/4" high
Service Table: None, except cupboard mentioned above
Draft Tube Description: No lens
Revolving Machinery: Not revolving
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube: None
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time: No machinery
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection: No machinery
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: No color
Red Sectors Description: No red sector
Where Color Attached: No colored glass
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Lamp is locomotive head light lamp, 1 wick
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 1 spare lamp for this lantern
Number of Spare Burners: None, except that on spare lamp
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: No tower. Closet in lantern, has no shelves & is used for storage of an oil can, funnel & brushes. There is also a cupboard in lantern fitted with shelves & used for storage of lamp supplies.
Oil House Description: Oil for this light is stored at oil house near rear tower.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe):
General Opinion: Healthful
Diseases: None
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements: No
Access to Lighthouse:
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Soil in front of lantern is being washed away due to fact that site is a little lower than adjacent ground. Illuminating apparatus is in good order.