Report for Horseshoe Rear Range East Group (New Jersey) - 1908

District: 4th
Inspector: Thos. J. Rout, Jr, Draftsman
Location: About 580' (1/10 mile) S 1/8 E in rear of Lower Front (red) light of this range
Date of Report: 02/15/1908
Latitude: 39° 52' 17"
Longitude: 75° 09' 00"
Site: Purchase
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 02/11/1881
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: About 8 acres
Area Inclosed: About 7 acres
Character of Soil: Sandy
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: About 610'
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Board & wire fences
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By steamboat from Philadelphia during summer season to Washington Park or by electric cars from Camden NJ opposite Philadelphia to Washington Park. Station is short walk from Washington Park.
Distance to Nearest Road: Station is on public road. Distance to RR station (Westville) about 1 1/4 miles; to electric railway, about 1/8 mile.
Distance to Post Office: About 1 1/4 miles by road to Westville.
Distance to Village: About 1 miles by road to Westville, NJ
Facilities for Public Conveyance: By steamboat from Philadelphia during summer season to Washington Park or by electric cars from Camden NJ opposite Philadelphia to Washington Park. Station is short walk from Washington Park.
Facilities for Private Conveyance: No livery stables in Westville. It is a short walk from the steamboat landing or electric railway to station, about 1/8 mile.
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Wooden tower
Number of Separate Lights: 3 (see description of front lights)
First Built or Established: 1881
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: Square
Form of Tower: Pyramidal
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: About 48.5'
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 62'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Trees
Color of Tower: White, lead colored trimmings, black lantern
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Detached
Object of Navigation: Channel & range, for general navigating purposes
Building Materials: Wood
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: Walls are about 2.5" thick
Wall Thickness at Parapet: Walls are about 2.5" thick
Diameter at Base: Square 17' 6" x 17' 6"
Diameter at Parapet: 8' x 8'
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wooden
Number of Landings: 4
Size of Glass: Windows 1, 4, 5, & 6, 8 panes of 8" x 10"; #2 4 panes 8" x8" & 2 panes 8" x 10"; #3, 4 panes 8" x 12
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 6; 4 - 20/5" x 46.5"; 1- 20.5" x 32.5"; 1- 20.5" x 28.5"
Number of Doors: 3
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Masonry piers, depth not known
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Sandy
Soil Susceptibility: Is susceptible
Miscellaneous Remarks: Tower is in good condition, & well painted inside. Grounds are in good order, but fences need repairing.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th, range
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass: About 6' 6 1/4" from opposite walls to glass.
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 4
Type of Bars: Vertical bar or post btwn 2 panes of glass
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 3' 8"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: 2 sides are glazed with 1 plate each
Thickness of Plates: About 1/4"
Size of Plates: 3' 8" x 3' 8" each
Number of Storm Panes: None
Unglazed Side of Lantern: 2 sides & portion of other 2 sides are unglazed, total 124 degrees
What Bearings: ESE 3/4 E & SW 3/8 W. Angle & bearings are reckoned from light
Construction Material Lantern: Wood
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Tin
Ventilator / Cowl: Galvanized iron
Lightning Spindle: Galvanized iron
Description of Lightning Rod: 1/10" x 1.5" copper ribbon, rounded at top, extends about 12" above finial & runs down left roof & wall of lantern & tower to std. ground connection. It is fastened to spindle with 2 wrappings of copper wire.
Balustrade: Wood gallery covered with tin & a grillage. Balustrade wood, railing wood, top rail, iron pipe
Lantern Doors: 2 hinged doors. Inner one is provided with bolt & latch, outer 1 with knobs & lock
Floor of Lantern: Wood
Watchroom Doors: Hinged door provided with lock & knobs opens from watchroom to stairway leading to lantern. Trap door in lantern floor provided with hinges & lifting ring.
Parapet Diameter: 6' 2.5" x 6' 2.5"
Location / Number: 2 ventilators in lower wall of lantern, each provided with brass discs
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Small hooks are screwed into jamb of each window.

How is Watchroom Fitted: Door & wooden stairway leading up to lantern, door leading down tower, 3 windows & 2 shelves
How is Relief Called:
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus: No machinery
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Henry LePaute A Paris
Year Made: Not known
Marks and Number: None, except name of maker
Order of Apparatus: 5th
Inside Diameter: 14 3/4"
Light Characteristic: Fixed white
Time of Revolution: Not moveable
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: Fixed 270 degrees
Number of Panels: 3 panels & 1 reflector
Number of Flash Panels: None
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced: No flashes
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Iron, 43.5" high. Rests on wooden seat 11" high
Service Table: Wooden shelf 16" x 19.5", supported by bracket in corner of lantern
Draft Tube Description: Lens has no tube, but a galvanized iron pipe hangs over center of lens & extends up into ventilator ball.
Revolving Machinery: Not revolving
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube: None
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time: No machinery
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: No color
Red Sectors Description: No red sectors
Where Color Attached: No colored glass
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: 5th order Hains lamp, 1 wick
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 1 spare lamp for this light
Number of Spare Burners: None, except 1 on spare lamp
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: No closet in tower
Oil House Description: Frame oil house, 7' x 7' in plan, is located about 22' SE of tower. It has a hinged door, but no shelves
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): Pantry on 1st floor of dwelling, having shelves & used for storage of food. 4 closets on 2nd floor. 1 has shelves; all used for clothes. Cellar under dwelling used for storage purposes.
Suitability: Dry & suitable
Location: 1 dwelling serves for Keeper of Horseshoe E Group Range (3 lights). About 2' W of rear tower, about 560' S of front red light & 825' SW of front white light
Coloring: White, lead colored trimmings, green shutters
Construction Materials: Wood, stone foundation
Number of Rooms: 7
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Frame barn, frame oil house, frame privy
Outhouse Coloring: White, lead colored trimmings
Paths and Walks: Brick & wooden walks
Area Inclosed: About 7 acres - board & wire fences
Area of Garden: About 4 ares
Area Timber or Shrubbery: None
Cultivation Area Available: About 4 acres
Area Cultivated: About 4 acres
Character of Surroundings: Farming land
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: From 2 wells. Cistern not now in use
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: Not liable
Purity Precaution: No tank. Cisterns not in use
Tank Capacity: Cistern under dwelling, cap about 2200 gals
Tank Material: Brick
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description: 2 driven wells, #1 abt 10' dep, soft water; #2 13.5' deep - has pump pit, 3' dia & 5' deep with 4" brick lining.
Well Diameter: 1.5" (both)
Well Lining: Iron pipe
Pump or Bucket: Pumps
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling: #1 under dwelling; #2 near barn abt 70' from dwell
General Opinion: Healthful
Diseases: None
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements: No
Access to Lighthouse:
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Premises in good condition. Tower well painted inside but soon will need painting outside. Grounds well graded & in grass. It would be very convenient for keeper if door were cut from pantry to kitchen & small closet placed in tower.