Report for Horn Island (Mississippi) - 1911

District: 8th
Inspector: Comdr. C. P. Eaton, USN retired
Location: In 13' of water about 3/4 mile N'ly of W'ly point of Petit Bois Island, on E'ly side of entrance to sound. Miss.
Date of Report: 10/08/1911
Latitude: 30° 13' 26"
Longitude: 88° 29' 05"
Site: In the water
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site:
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: 1 mile
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence:
Wharf or Landing on Premises:
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By boat from Pascagula, Miss. (post office) 9 miles
Distance to Nearest Road:
Distance to Post Office:
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern:
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 1874
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: Rebuilt in new location, 1908, repaired, 1910
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 47'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Sky
Color of Tower: White
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection:
Object of Navigation: Seacoast & entrance through Horn Island Pass into Mississippi Sound. General navigation
Building Materials: Wooden dwelling on iron cased piles.
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wooden
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass: 12.5 x 12.5 - 4 lights
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 2; 12.5 x 12.5 - 4 lights
Number of Doors: 2; 3' x 7'
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface:
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass:
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 8
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 36.5"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates:
Size of Plates: 36.5" x 24"
Number of Storm Panes:
Unglazed Side of Lantern:
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Wood & iron
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Sheet iron
Ventilator / Cowl: Yes
Lightning Spindle: Yes
Description of Lightning Rod:
Balustrade: Yes
Lantern Doors: In parapet
Floor of Lantern: Wood
Watchroom Doors: Hatch
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: Parapet
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement:
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: On soffit

How is Watchroom Fitted: Below lantern
How is Relief Called:
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles: Red flash 1900; Fixed white 520
Name of Maker: Barbier & Fenestre
Year Made:
Marks and Number: Barbier & Fenestre Cie A Paris
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter: 19 11/16"
Light Characteristic:
Time of Revolution: 90 sec
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: 60 degrees
Number of Panels: 6
Number of Flash Panels: 3
Arc of Each: 60 degrees
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 5 in fixed; 3 in flash
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 6 in fixed; 6 in flash
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 4 in fixed; 4 in flash
Does Apparatus Revolve?: True
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Cast iron
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description: None
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls: Balls
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube: 40' length 7' x 7' square wooden box
Clock Weight: About 35 lbs
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind: No; stops about 1 min (see insp's letter 5/29/1912 #2039-E)
Machinery Protection: Brass box
Regulated: By fan governor
Lens Protection: Linen cover
How Color is Produced: Red panels attached to lens
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached: To illuminating apparatus
Form of Colored Glass: Outside flat glass
Lamp Description: 4th order
Type of Illuminant: Oil
Number of Spare Lamps: 2
Number of Spare Burners: None
Candle Power: 52 cp

Clock Cord Description
Revolving Cord: Galvinized wire with hemp core
Size of Clock Cord: 1/8" dia.
Length of Clock Cord: 60'
How Led: To watchroom
Diameter and Length of Clock Drum: 3" dia. length 6"

Chariot Balls
Balls Description: Semicircular
Cage to Separate Balls: False
Number of Balls: 21
Diameter of Balls: 9/16"

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 1
Diameter of Outside Wick: 1.5
Diameter of Mantel:
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: 2- wooden
Oil House Description: Rooms on 1st floor, E side of dwelling used as general store & workroom
Oil House Inside Dimension: 18.5' x 9'
Oil House Construction Material: Wood
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): 1 under stairway, 1st floorm 1 in corner of same room. Provisions & supplies.
Suitability: Dry & suitable
Location: Dwelling on 21 piles surmounted by lantern
Coloring: White
Construction Materials: Wood
Number of Rooms: 4
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 2 keepers in structure
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouse Coloring:
Paths and Walks:
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available:
Area Cultivated:
Character of Surroundings: Adjacent islands shifting sand.
Stove, Maker: Southern Belle 428 A Baldwin Co.
Stove, Size: #8
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size: Enameled iron 27" x 16"
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: From cistern
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: Not liable to injury
Purity Precaution: Have tops
Tank Capacity: 6' stove, 6' dia; 1 on E'ly & 1 on W'ly gallery
Tank Material: Wood
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Good
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements:
Access to Lighthouse: Landing under lighthouse, steps to gallery.
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Boat Number: 10
Type: Square Stern Yawl
Length: 7'
Width: 19'
When Built: 1908
Date Harbored at Station: 1908
Sails: True
Suited to Work: Yes

General Information:
Boats on Station: In davits