Report for Hollands Island Bar (Maryland) - 1889

District: 5th
Inspector: John Murdoch, Assistant Engineer
Location: Marks shoal making out from Holland's Island
Date of Report: 12/18/1889
Latitude: 38° 04' 10"
Longitude: 76° 05' 42"
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site:
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark:
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence:
Wharf or Landing on Premises:
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By boat
Distance to Nearest Road: Crisfield, Md., steamboat & RR about 15 miles
Distance to Post Office: Hollands Island 2.5 miles
Distance to Village: Hollands Island 2.5 miles
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance: By boat
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Lantern on superstructure
Number of Separate Lights: One
First Built or Established: 1889
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: Hexagonal
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 43.5'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea:
Color of Tower: Superstructure white - lantern black. Roof & substructure brown
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Painted
Tower Connection: In one
Object of Navigation: Bay light to mark entrance into Kedges & Hollands straits.
Building Materials: Wood & iron
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Iron ladders to main deck. Wooden spiral stairway to lantern
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass: 10" x 18 5/8" & 12" x 18"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 2 twin & 1 single 2 & 3 lights
Number of Doors: 25
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Screwpile foundation penetrating shoal 13'
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Shoal fine sand to a depth of 18'
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks: 5 windows in main dwelling - sash 1/2 lights - glass 10" x 14"; Doors in main dwelling upper panels glass 20 1/4" x 10 1/4"; leading to 2nd floor 20 1/4" x 9"; leading to lantern 16 1/4" x 9"
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern:
Diameter to Glass: 6' 2 1/4"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 8
Type of Bars:
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 36"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 3/8"
Size of Plates: 34 1/4" x 36 5/8" - storm panes - 32 1/4" x 36 5/8"
Number of Storm Panes: 4 extra panes & 4 storm panes
Unglazed Side of Lantern: All glazed
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Wood & iron
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Copper lined with zinc
Ventilator / Cowl: Copper
Lightning Spindle: Brass platina point
Description of Lightning Rod: Copper ribbon attached to lantern sill & led down over roof & attached to 1 of the piles by a set screw & iron band.
Lantern Doors: In side of lantern hung on brass strap hinge.Fitted with lock & key.
Floor of Lantern: Tongued & grooved yellow pine boards.
Watchroom Doors:
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: 3 in lower part of lantern
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: 1 small step ladder
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Screwed into vertical flanges of cornice

How is Watchroom Fitted: With closets & bell machinery
How is Relief Called:
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker:
Year Made:
Marks and Number:
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter:
Light Characteristic: Fixed white
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: Entire horizon
Number of Panels: 4
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 8
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 6
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Iron
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description:
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Harris, 1 wick in burner
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps:
Number of Spare Burners:
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: With shelves & hooks
Oil House Description: In watchroom
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity: 33 5-gal oil cans placed on floor
Other (Describe): In dwelling, fitted with shelves & hooks & used for stores, clothes, etc.
Suitability: Dry & suitable
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: Stevens Fog bell machinery
Time to Start:
How Long Will Pressure Last:
Year of Manufacture:
Characteristic: Strikes at intervals of 10 seconds
Timing Device:
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown:
Height Above Water:
Compass Direction:
Distance and Direction:
Water Supply:
Reached from Lighthouse:
Description of Fog Signal Building:
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
How Procured: From roof
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: Not liable
Purity Precaution:
Tank Capacity: 4 iron tanks - 250 gal each
Tank Material: Iron
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Healthy
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements:
Access to Lighthouse:
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: All in good order
Tools And Accessories
Lantern Curtains: 2 sets
Lens Covers: 2
Damper Tube and Key:
Spare Damper and Key:
Carillon for Overflow Pump:
Time Marker:
Spare Lamp Ready for Use:
Rod Lamp Ready for Use:
Curtain Hanger:
Spare Lamp Cover:
Lamp Stand:
Mechanical Lamp Cords:
Revolving Machinery Cords:
Revolving Machinery Weights:
Spare Fly Or Governor:
Gauge for Oil Cistern:
Feather Brushes: 2
Linen Towels: 10
Sponges: 2 pieces
Chamois Skins: 2
Scissors: 2
Chimney Filters:
Coupling Pliers:
Service Box and Implements: 1
Cleaning Materials: 1 pt. Bertrams oil polish; 5 lbs Whiting - 2 boxes White Diamond polish, 2 pts. ammonia
Keepers Aprons: 2