Report for Highlands of Navesink (New Jersey) - 1880

District: 3rd
Inspector: Genl. J.C. Duane, Engineer, 3rd LH Dist.
Location: On the Highlands of Navesink, NJ
Date of Report: 03/03/1880
Latitude: 40° 23' 45"
Longitude: 73° 59' 11"
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: About 2 3/4 acres
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil: Sandy & stony
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: About 3/4 mile
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Picket fences
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: Government road in bad condition.
Means to Reach Light Station: Steamboat from NY City
Distance to Nearest Road: 1/2 mile to public road & 3/4 to Steamboat landing Shrewsbury river.
Distance to Post Office: 1/2 mile
Distance to Village: 3 miles
Facilities for Public Conveyance: Steamboat from NYC
Facilities for Private Conveyance: Steamboat & LI RR
Means Used for Support of Lantern: 2 towers
Number of Separate Lights: 2
First Built or Established: 1840
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: 1862 rebuilt - thoroughly repaired in 1879.
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: S tower square, N tower octagon
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 53' to focal plane
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 248'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Highlands covered w/ trees etc.
Color of Tower: Brown
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Natural color of sandstone
Tower Connection: 2 towers connected by keeper's dwelling & passage.
Object of Navigation: Sea coast & general purposes.
Building Materials: Brown sandstone.
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 6' 6"
Wall Thickness at Parapet: 4'
Diameter at Base: 21' 6"
Diameter at Parapet: 19'
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Circular iron supported by central newel pipe.
Number of Landings: 4
Size of Glass:
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 4 2' x 4'
Number of Doors: 1 from each work room
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Stone
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Sandy & gravel
Soil Susceptibility: Yes by grass, shrubbery & trees
Miscellaneous Remarks: 2 towers 228' from center to center connected w/ each other by long one story bldg which contains keeper's rooms & passage etc.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 1st - both alike
Shape of Lantern:
Diameter to Glass: 12' 3"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 16
Type of Bars:
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 9' 9"
Number of Plates in Height: 3
Number of Plates Each Side: 3
Thickness of Plates: 5/16"
Size of Plates: 27 3/4" x 39.5"; 27 3/4" x 44.5" & 27 3/4" x 30 3/4"
Number of Storm Panes: 30
Unglazed Side of Lantern: 3 sides 18 plates 135 degrees.
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Iron, copper, etc.
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Copper over iron rafters etc.
Ventilator / Cowl: Zinc
Lightning Spindle: Copper
Description of Lightning Rod: Copper wire rope on each tower & central part of bldg.
Balustrade: Iron - stone gallery
Lantern Doors: Iron doors & jambs fitted in stone parapet.
Floor of Lantern: Stone - Pedestal of lantern rests on iron deck of watchroom.
Watchroom Doors:
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: 4 brass ventilators in each tower parapet.
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: Iron ladders
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Rollers fitted to astragals.

How is Watchroom Fitted: Closets etc.
How is Relief Called: Gongs in sleeping rooms of assistant keepers connected w/ both towers.
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: North tower - Sautter; South Tower - LePaute.
Year Made:
Marks and Number:
Order of Apparatus: 1st
Inside Diameter:
Light Characteristic: Fixed white
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: Fixed 225 degrees; Compass range of visibility NW by E'd to S by E
Number of Panels: 5; S tower 3 copper reflectors; N tower 3 silver plate reflectors.
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 13
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 6
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Iron
Service Table: None
Draft Tube Description: Iron 4.5" dia.
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: White
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: French Mechanical Lamp in N tower; Funck's float lamp in S tower.
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 1 each tower
Number of Spare Burners: 6 South & 4 North.
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: 1 closet in each tower fitted w/ shelves.
Oil House Description: 2 rooms. 1 adjoining each tower 1st story fitted w/ tanks etc.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity: 15 - 100 gallon oil butts; 2 - 50 gallon oil butts; 2 - 10 gallon oil cans. Oil butts placed on wooden benches.
Other (Describe): 16 closets - 1 in each kitchen & sitting room; 1 in each bedroom 1st & 2nd story - & 1 in each workshop or oil room.
Suitability: Dry & suited.
Location: Long bldg midway btwn & connecting the 2 towers - built of stone in front & brick rear - tin roof.
Construction Materials: Stone (sandstone) front; rear brick; tin roof.
Number of Rooms: Center portion 8 rooms, 2 kitchens, 4 rooms & workshop each side center, total 18 rooms. 12 closets in 1st story, cellar under center portion.
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1 keeper & 3 assistants.
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Barn & privy
Outhouse Coloring:
Paths and Walks: None
Area Inclosed: 2 3/4 acres - picket fence.
Area of Garden: About 1/4 entire site
Area Timber or Shrubbery: None
Cultivation Area Available: About 1/2
Area Cultivated: About 1/4
Character of Surroundings: Sandy, gravel, & some loam
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: Rain water
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: No
Purity Precaution: Filtered
Tank Capacity: About 20,000 gals. Placed in rear near kitchens.
Tank Material: Stone plastered w/ cement
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket: Pump in kitchens from cistern
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling: Cisterns 10' from house
General Opinion: Chills & fever
Diseases: Summertime
Prevalency: No
Local Causes: No
Recommended Improvements: No
Access to Lighthouse: Neither landing, wharf nor boathouse. land station - road in poor condition.
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: