Report for Hereford Inlet Light Station (New Jersey) - 1907

District: 4th
Inspector: H. Bamber, Assistant Engineer
Location: On S'ly side of Hereford Inlet & on N'ly end of Five Mile Beach, seacoast of New Jersey
Date of Report: 11/21/1907
Latitude: 39° 00' 24"
Longitude: 74° 47' 28"
Site: Purchase
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 07/09/1873
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 65,340 sq. ft.
Area Inclosed: 65,340 sq. ft.
Character of Soil: Sandy
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: About 200'. 1 year ago, high water mark was abt. 15' from corner of reservation
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Wooden & wire fences & hedges
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: None
Means to Reach Light Station: By RR to Anglesea, NJ
Distance to Nearest Road: Station at intersection of Chestnut & N Central Ave. Distance to RR station about 1/4 mile by streets.
Distance to Post Office: About 200'
Distance to Village: Light station in village of N Wildwood
Facilities for Public Conveyance: Street car line runs between light station & RR station. Busses meet trains in summer season
Facilities for Private Conveyance: None
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Lantern tower on frame dwelling
Number of Separate Lights: One
First Built or Established: 1874
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: Lantern tower is square
Form of Tower: Lantern tower is prismatic
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: About 55' 6"
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: About 55'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Buildings, distant trees & sky
Color of Tower: White with lead colored trimmings & chimneys, green blinds, black lantern
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Lantern tower is on dwelling
Object of Navigation: Seacoast, harbor & general & local navigating purposes.
Building Materials: Lighthouse & lantern tower is a frame structure on stone & brick foundation.
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 13" (brick at ground line)
Wall Thickness at Parapet: 8" (frame)
Diameter at Base: Lantern tower is square 12' 6" x 12' 6" (outside)
Diameter at Parapet: Lantern tower square 12' 6" x 12' 6" (outside) & 11' 2.5" x 11' 3.5" inside
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wooden
Number of Landings: 5, including 2nd, 3rd & watchroom floors
Size of Glass: 9" x 12"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 9 double sash windows; 1 on 2nd floor & 2 on 3rd floor have 6-pane sash; 6 in watchroom have 4-pane sashes.
Number of Doors: 23
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Stone & brick 4' 4"
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Beach sand, except fertile loam near oil house.
Soil Susceptibility: Portion covered with loam is susceptible of being protected by grass & shrubbery
Miscellaneous Remarks: Site is threatened by encroachment of S channel of Hereford Inlet. During past year, N channel has been growing deeper & S channel has been filling up. The 2 channels now about same size. (Keeper)
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass: 7' to 7' 1.5"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 10
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 3'
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: About 1/4"
Size of Plates: 2' 3 1/8" x 3' 0.5"
Number of Storm Panes: 3 bronze frames, 2 glazed
Unglazed Side of Lantern: 1 plate, 36 degree arc
What Bearings: About 361 degrees 07' E & S 25 degrees 07' E
Construction Material Lantern: Cast iron, with wooden lining on inside of lower wall. Glass stops & screws are bronze.
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Cast iron
Ventilator / Cowl: Cast iron
Lightning Spindle: Pinnacle of lantern is wrought iron or steel, badly rusted. To this is lashed with copper wire, a copper rod, abt. 5/8" x 18", with 5-pronged point.
Description of Lightning Rod: Conductor is 1/8" x 1.5" copper ribbon attached to flattened end of copper rod & running down rear wall of lantern & lighthouse to std. ground connection.
Balustrade: Wood, with gas pipe for top railing, balcony deck of wood, covered with tin & protected with wooden grillage
Lantern Doors: Swinging door, fastened with horizontal brass latch, provided with knobs.
Floor of Lantern: Wood
Watchroom Doors: Ordinary frame door hung on cast iron butts, & provided with common iron rim lock door.
Parapet Diameter: 6' 5"
Location / Number: 3 openings in lower wall of lantern, covered with inside brass registers. Diameter 4.5"
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: Small step ladder
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: A brass hook screwed into lintel above each lantern post

How is Watchroom Fitted: Provided with closet having shelves & stairway leading up to lantern
How is Relief Called: None
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: L. Sautter Leminonier Cis A Paris
Year Made: Unknown
Marks and Number: As above, on lower ring of lens (On door sill, which has supporting arm, appears USLH Depot 3 dist lamp shop, Staten Island, NY)
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter: 19.5"
Light Characteristic: Fixed white
Time of Revolution: Not moveable
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: Fixed part is 270 degrees (Keeper sets lens so that this extends from S 1 degree E to N 89 degrees E mag) 90 degree prism reflector
Number of Panels: 4
Number of Flash Panels: None
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 6, except in reflector, which has but 2
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 4, except in reflector, which has but 2
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Cast iron, on wooden base, Height of base 4 1/4"; of pedestal proper, 3' 3 5/8"
Service Table: Cast iron service table is attached to pedestal
Draft Tube Description: No tube nor lens hood
Revolving Machinery: Not revolving
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: No color
Red Sectors Description: No red sector
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Standard 4th order
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 1 (3 in all)
Number of Spare Burners:
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: Lantern tower has 2 closets. 1 on 3rd floor, fitted with shelves & used for stationery & other is in watchroom, also provided with shelves & used for lamp supplies, etc.
Oil House Description: Brick oil house, 8' x 12', situated about 90' NW of lighthouse. It has a concrete floor, & a set of 5 shelves in left end.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): Lighthouse has a basement used for storage purposes & 2 closets & pantry on 1st floor. Closets open off sitting room & are fitted with shelves & hooks & used for clothes. There are 4 closets in bedroom on 2nd floor, fitted with shelves & used for clothes.
Suitability: Dry & suitable
Location: Lantern is on dwelling, forming a lighthouse
Coloring: White, lead colored trimmings & chimneys, green blinds, black lantern
Construction Materials: Frame, brick foundation
Number of Rooms: 7
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Brick oil house & privy & frame barn
Outhouse Coloring: Oil house & privy unpainted red brick. Cornice & roof are brown. Barn white with lead colored trim
Paths and Walks: Gravel walks connect lighthouse with out buildings
Area Inclosed: 65, 340 square ft. Wooden & wire fences & hedges
Area of Garden: About 1/4 acre
Area Timber or Shrubbery: No timber & no shrubbery except hedges
Cultivation Area Available: About 1/4 acre
Area Cultivated: About 1/4 acre
Character of Surroundings: Beach sand & salt marsh
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: Supplied by city water works through pipe connections
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: Not liable
Purity Precaution: Downspouts provided with cutoffs
Tank Capacity: Double cistern in cellar of lighthouse under kitchen. Front cap 2500 gal, rear cap 1870 gal.
Tank Material: Brick
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Healthful
Diseases: None
Local Causes: No
Recommended Improvements: No
Access to Lighthouse: No wharf
Distance and Direction: No wharf
Miscellaneous Remarks: General character & condition of station are good.
Supplemental Reports
Installation: Hot water heating system & electric lights installed