Report for Great Beds (New Jersey) - 1887

District: 3rd
Inspector: Lieut. John Millis, Eng'r 3rd Dist.
Location: Marks junction of channels to S & Perth Amboy, NJ.
Date of Report: 01/03/1887
Latitude: 40° 29' 12"
Longitude: 74° 15' 21"
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: Circle 500' dia.
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: High water line on pier
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence:
Wharf or Landing on Premises:
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: Boat
Distance to Nearest Road: 1.5 miles to Perth Amboy Steamboat or Tottenville Ferry Landing.
Distance to Post Office: 1.5 miles
Distance to Village: 1 mile
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance: Small boat from landing of Tottenville & Perth Amboy Ferry - 1 3/4 miles.
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Iron tower
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 1880
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: Circular
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 47'
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 57'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Land
Color of Tower: Red
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Painted
Tower Connection: In the tower
Object of Navigation: Marks channels from bay, leading to S & Perth Amboy.
Building Materials: Iron & brick
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 18"
Wall Thickness at Parapet: 4"
Diameter at Base: 21'
Diameter at Parapet: 18'
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Iron
Number of Landings: 5
Size of Glass: 10.5" x 21"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 4 - 2' x 4' 6"
Number of Doors: 1
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Iron shell 30' dia. filled with Portland cement concrete 3' 6" below bottom.
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Sand & gravel bottom.
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Iron shell was sunk in 13' water (L.W.) thru sections of 10' each making 30' high. Tower is 5 sections 7' 6" each Rip Rap comes up to ordinary high water. 3rd or top section of pier has a batten of 2' 6" long making top of pier 25' dia.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern:
Diameter to Glass: 7' 7.5"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 10
Type of Bars:
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 3' 3 3/8"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 3/8"
Size of Plates: 27 3/8" x 36 3/8"
Number of Storm Panes:
Unglazed Side of Lantern:
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Iron
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Iron
Ventilator / Cowl: Zinc lining
Lightning Spindle:
Description of Lightning Rod:
Balustrade: Iron post, gas pipe rail on iron deck.
Lantern Doors: Iron, hung on hinges
Floor of Lantern: Iron
Watchroom Doors: Wooden trap door, iron hinges.
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: Lower part of lantern
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement:
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Screwed in iron frame.

How is Watchroom Fitted: Ladder leading to lantern
How is Relief Called:
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker:
Year Made:
Marks and Number:
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter:
Light Characteristic:
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels: 4
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 8
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 6
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Iron pedestal
Service Table: Iron
Draft Tube Description: Chimney
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: Red chimney
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Hains lamp
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 1
Number of Spare Burners:
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: Built in brick lining & fitted with drawers & shelves used for clothes presses, dishes, etc.
Oil House Description: On 1st floor
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity: 36 5-gal cans
Other (Describe): Storeroom for oil on 1st floor. Closets in each of the other rooms for use of keeper
Suitability: Well suited.
Location: In tower
Construction Materials: Iron & brick
Number of Rooms: 5
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouse Coloring:
Paths and Walks:
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available:
Area Cultivated:
Character of Surroundings:
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: Cistern
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: No
Purity Precaution: Filters
Tank Capacity: 1200 gals
Tank Material: Concrete with brick lining.
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket: Pump in sink
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Good
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements:
Access to Lighthouse: Land from small boat on ladder leading to top of pier. Boat davits.
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Good condition.