Report for Fowey Rocks (Florida) - 1909

District: 7th
Inspector: Maj. H. Jervey, LH Engineer, 7th Dist.
Location: In about 3' of water, on Fowey Rocks, Florida Reefs, one of the more N'ly of the outer line of reefs off seacoast of FL., about 900' to W of deep water, & 23 miles NE'ly from Carysfort Reef lighthouse.
Date of Report: 03/04/1909
Latitude: 25° 35' 25"
Longitude: 80° 05' 49"
Site: Submarine
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site:
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark:
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence:
Wharf or Landing on Premises:
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By boat from Miami, post office. RR station & steamboat landing, 15 miles
Distance to Nearest Road:
Distance to Post Office: Nearest post office Cocoanut Grove, Fl. 13 miles.
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Skeleton iron tower.
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established:
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: Tower scaled & painted in February, 1911
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 110 1/4'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Sky & tropical growth on Florida Keys.
Color of Tower: Brown tower, white dwelling & stair cylinder, green blinds, black lantern.
Color of Tower/ How Produced:
Tower Connection: Dwelling in tower
Object of Navigation: Primary seacoast
Building Materials: Iron
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Spiral iron stairway & steps inclosed in iron cylinder.
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass: 8" x 10"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 3 in stair cylinder 19' 14" x 4' 4 7/8"; 8 in service room 19.5" x 2' 10 3/4"
Number of Doors: 1
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Octagonal pyramidal skeleton iron tower on 9 iron piles driven 11' into coral rock.
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Tower incloses 2-story octagonal dwelling, lower story vertical sides. Upper story pyramidal.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 1st
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass:
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 16
Type of Bars: Vertical & horizontal
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 9' 3"
Number of Plates in Height: 3
Number of Plates Each Side: 3
Thickness of Plates: 5/16"
Size of Plates: 27 15/16" x 30.5"; 27 15/16" x 3' 2 3/4"
Number of Storm Panes:
Unglazed Side of Lantern: None
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Brass
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Copper
Ventilator / Cowl: Copper
Lightning Spindle: Yes
Description of Lightning Rod:
Balustrade: Has
Lantern Doors: None
Floor of Lantern: Cast iron
Watchroom Doors: Spiral stairs to service room & to lantern.
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: Lower part of lantern
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: Has, portable
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Hooks secured to top of lantern.

How is Watchroom Fitted: Has table
How is Relief Called: Speaking tube & bell
Where is Call System Led: To bottom of stair cylinder
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles: W 57,000; r 14, 000
Name of Maker: Henry LePaute, Paris
Year Made: 1876
Marks and Number: None
Order of Apparatus: 1st
Inside Diameter: 6' 0.5"
Light Characteristic:
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: Fixed 360
Number of Panels: 8
Number of Flash Panels: None
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 17
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 18
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 8
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Cast iron
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description: Copper 5" dia. connected to crown piece & lead above cowl with conical cap at top.
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description: From 1 to 22, 90 to 101, 180 to 186, white in intervening sectors.
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: 3rd order type B single tank system
Type of Illuminant: IOV
Number of Spare Lamps: 1 spare IOV lamp, 2 spare wick lamps.
Number of Spare Burners: 3
Candle Power: W 57,000; R 14,000
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: 2 in service room
Oil House Description: Oil house suspended under dwelling.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material: Wood
Oil House Capacity: Oil house to be replaced at an early date by 5 steel tanks.
Other (Describe):
Location: 1 2-story dwelling located in tower.
Coloring: White, lower story has green blinds. Upper story has no blinds.
Construction Materials: Iron, ceiled with wood
Number of Rooms: 8
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1 keeper & 2 assts.
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouse Coloring:
Paths and Walks:
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available:
Area Cultivated:
Character of Surroundings: Sand & coral rock
Stove, Maker: Perfection, mfg'd by Std. Oil Co.
Stove, Size: 3 wick oil stove
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size: 27.5" x 15.5" inside; 30" x 18" outside
Pump, Maker: The Deming Co., Salem, OR.
Pump, Size: #3
How Procured: Rain
Quality: Good
Quantity: Fair
Injury Possible: Not liable to be injured
Purity Precaution: Covered to prevent impurities from entering.
Tank Capacity: 1200 gals. ea. 4 on platform under dwelling.
Tank Material: Cypress
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Good
Diseases: None
Prevalency: No
Local Causes: No
Recommended Improvements: No
Access to Lighthouse: Ladders only
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Boat #1
Boat Number: 1
Type: Round bottom cat rigged sailboat
Length: 7.5'
Width: 24.5'
When Built: Purchased May 31, 1907
Date Harbored at Station: Sept. 1907
Sails: True
Suited to Work: Yes
Boat #2
Boat Number: 0
Type: Round bottom dinghy
Length: 5'
Width: 14'
When Built: Purchased Nov. 30, 1910
Date Harbored at Station: Dec. 1910
Sails: False
Suited to Work: Yes

General Information:
Boats on Station: Hoisted to davits