Report for Fort Sumter (South Carolina) - 1914

District: 7th
Inspector: F.P. Dillon, Asst. Supt.
Location: Near & within noorth rampart of Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbor, SC.
Date of Report: 03/22/1914
Latitude: 32° 45' 11"
Longitude: 79° 52' 21"
Site: Military Reservaton
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission: 01/03/1855
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site:
Area Inclosed: None.
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: On piers over the water.
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: None.
Wharf or Landing on Premises: Use Quartermaster's dock, US Army.
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By tender or small hired boat from Charleston, 3/8 milles,
Distance to Nearest Road:
Distance to Post Office: Moultrieville, PO 1 mile by boat.
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Angle iron skeleton tower.
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 1855
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: January 23, 1913
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 51 feet.
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: City of Scharleston buildings.
Color of Tower: Black
Color of Tower/ How Produced:
Tower Connection: Detached.
Object of Navigation: Front range entrance to Charleston Harbor for general navigation coming to Charleston port.
Building Materials: Steel skeleton
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Iron ladder.
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass:
Number of Windows and Size of Sash:
Number of Doors:
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface:
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 5th
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass:
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 8
Type of Bars: Vertical.
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 24"
Number of Plates in Height: 1
Number of Plates Each Side: 1
Thickness of Plates: 3/8"
Size of Plates: 24" x 30"
Number of Storm Panes:
Unglazed Side of Lantern:
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Cast- iron frame on wood base.
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Single sheet iron roof.
Ventilator / Cowl: Cast iron.
Lightning Spindle: 3/4" rod screwed into ball.
Description of Lightning Rod:
Balustrade: Iron handrail.
Lantern Doors: Wood, 2 single hinged doors.
Floor of Lantern: Cast iron.
Watchroom Doors: None.
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: In parapet wall.
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Screwed into top of lantern.

How is Watchroom Fitted: None.
How is Relief Called:
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles: 350 cp
Name of Maker: Henry Lepante, Paris
Year Made: Unknown
Marks and Number: None.
Order of Apparatus: 5th
Inside Diameter: 14 5/8"
Light Characteristic: Fixed white.
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: 270 degrees
Number of Panels: 4
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Cast iron, flanged.
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description: Part of vent ball.
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection: Linen curtain cover.
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: 5th order, Hains
Type of Illuminant: Oil
Number of Spare Lamps:
Number of Spare Burners:
Candle Power:

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 1 wick
Diameter of Outside Wick: 1 3/16"
Diameter of Mantel:
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use:
Oil House Description: West of dwelling 10 feet, fitted with shelves.
Oil House Inside Dimension: 5' 10" x 7' 0" x 7' 0"
Oil House Construction Material: Brick, tin roof, wood rafters & sheet metal cased door.
Oil House Capacity: 32 cans on racks.
Other (Describe): West of dwelling is general storerrom, old tower, wood frame used as storeroom.
Suitability: Dry & unsuited.
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: Stevens, old style, fan governor.
Time to Start: Immediately
How Long Will Pressure Last:
Manufacturer: Stevens Co.
Year of Manufacture: Unknown
Characteristic: 2 blows every 15 seconds.
Duplication: None.
Timing Device:
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown:
Height Above Water:
Compass Direction:
Location: S. 100', warns vessels as to location of Fort Sumter, which is on continuntion of axis of entrance channel.
Distance and Direction: SSW
Water Supply: In same reservation.
Reached from Lighthouse:
Description of Fog Signal Building: Skeleton frame for bell, apparatus enclosed below in house, wood construction.
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Bell Signal
Weight: Unknown
Metal: Bell
Diameter: 43"
Height: 30.5"
Time: 2 hours.
Manufacturer: Stevens, 1882
Weights for Operation:
Location: S on NW corner Fort Sumter.
Coloring: Green
Construction Materials: Wood.
Number of Rooms: 4
Number of Dwellings: 1
Heating Plant: Kitchen stove
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters: The single keeper.
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Privey, storehouse
Outhouse Coloring: Green.
Paths and Walks: None.
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available:
Area Cultivated:
Character of Surroundings:
Stove, Maker: Economist 618
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
Lamps: Tubular hand , Handlantern.
How Procured: Cistern
Quality: Good
Quantity: Yes
Injury Possible: Not
Purity Precaution: Cisterns cleaned at frequent intervals.
Tank Capacity: 2600 gals. under kitchen of dwelling
Tank Material: Brick
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket: Pump
What Power Used: Hand
Distance from Dwelling: Under kitchen
General Opinion: Good.
Diseases: Malaria, if any
Prevalency: Summer months.
Local Causes: No
Recommended Improvements: No.
Access to Lighthouse: Use Quartermaster's wharf.
Distance and Direction: 300 feet SE
Miscellaneous Remarks: