Report for Fort Ripley Shoal Light Station (South Carolina) - 1914

District: 6th
Inspector: F. P. Dillon, Asst. Supt.
Location: In 1 1/3 fathoms of water on Middle Ground, beween South & Folly Island Channels, Charteston Harbor, SC.
Date of Report: 03/22/1914
Latitude: 32° 45' 52"
Longitude: 79° 54' 07"
Site: Submarine site ceded to US by State of South Carolina Marxh 17, 1877.
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission: 03/19/1877
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 10 acres
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark:
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence:
Wharf or Landing on Premises: Landing steps.
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: Light draft boat from Charleston, SC. 1.5 miles.
Distance to Nearest Road:
Distance to Post Office:
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Dwelling supports lantern.
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 1878
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: Aug. 11, 1913
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 44 feet
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Buildings of city of Charleston, SC.
Color of Tower: White on Brown piles, red roof
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Connected.
Object of Navigation: Harbor, for general navigation coming to port of Charleston.
Building Materials: Wood on wrought iron screw piles.
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wood.
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass: 10" x 12" for house.
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 6, 34.5" x 34.5"
Number of Doors: 2 outside, 3' 0" x 7' 0"; 2 dormer 24" x 42"
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface:
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 5th order
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass:
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 8
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 36"
Number of Plates in Height: 1
Number of Plates Each Side: 1
Thickness of Plates: 3/16"
Size of Plates: 36.5" x 34"
Number of Storm Panes:
Unglazed Side of Lantern:
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Cast iron frame, wood parapet wall.
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Copper
Ventilator / Cowl: Cast iron.
Lightning Spindle: 1/2" pipe.
Description of Lightning Rod:
Balustrade: Wood.
Lantern Doors: Wood, double in parapet wall.
Floor of Lantern: Wood.
Watchroom Doors: Trap in floor, wood.
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: Lower part of lantern in wood portion.
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None.
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Crewed to inside at top of lantern.
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles: 100 cp
Name of Maker: L. Lautter, Lemonnier et Cie., Paris
Year Made: Unknown
Marks and Number: None.
Order of Apparatus: 5th
Inside Diameter: 15"
Light Characteristic: Fixed red.
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: 360 degrees
Number of Panels: 4
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Cast iron flanged stand.
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description: None.
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection: Linen curtain
How Color is Produced: Red chimney.
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached: Lamp
Form of Colored Glass: 5th order chemney
Lamp Description: 5th order Hains
Type of Illuminant: Oil
Number of Spare Lamps: 1
Number of Spare Burners: 1
Candle Power:

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 1 wick
Diameter of Outside Wick: 1 3/16" wick
Diameter of Mantel:
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: None
Oil House Description: Part of dwelling
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity: 70 5 gal. cans.
Other (Describe): 1 on 1st floor for coal, provisiions & stores; fitted with shelves.
Suitability: Dry, suited.
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: Stevens, 1873
Time to Start: Immediately
How Long Will Pressure Last:
Manufacturer: Stevens.
Year of Manufacture: 1873
Characteristic: 1 blow every 10 seconds.
Duplication: None.
Timing Device:
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown:
Height Above Water:
Compass Direction:
Location: On south side just outside of dormer window on bracket.
Distance and Direction:
Water Supply:
Reached from Lighthouse:
Description of Fog Signal Building: Is part of dwelling, bell outside of windows.
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Bell Signal
Weight: 41 lbs. Lightship bell
Metal: Bell metal
Diameter: 31"
Height: 24"
Time: 3' 15"
Manufacturer: Stevens, 1873
Weights for Operation:
Location: Part of tower
Coloring: White
Construction Materials: Wood, tin roof, surmounted by lantern.
Number of Rooms: 4 on 1st floor; 2 on 2nd floor
Number of Dwellings: 1
Heating Plant: Kitchen stove.
Number of Keepers:
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouse Coloring:
Paths and Walks:
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available:
Area Cultivated:
Character of Surroundings:
Stove, Maker: Columbia-816-13 Rose
Stove, Size: Oven 11" x 16"
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
Lamps: Tubular hand, 1 hand lantern.
How Procured: Tanks in dwelling
Quality: Good
Quantity: Yes
Injury Possible: Not
Purity Precaution: Tanks ventilated only.
Tank Capacity: 1000 gal. placed on 1st floor in corners of dwelling
Tank Material: Galv. iron.
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket: Faucet
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling: In dwelling.
General Opinion: Good.
Local Causes: No.
Recommended Improvements:
Access to Lighthouse: Iron steps.
Distance and Direction: At the tower.
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Boat Number: 10
Type: Whale
Length: 4' 2"
Width: 16'
When Built: 1914
Date Harbored at Station: Dec. 2, 1913
Sails: True
Suited to Work: No. cranky