Report for Fort Mifflin Bar Cut Range Rear (New Jersey) - 1908

District: 4th
Inspector: Thos. J. Rout Jr. Draftsman
Location: About 1/2 mile 242 degrees 27' ( SW x W 9/16 W) in rear of Billingsport Front Light of this range
Date of Report: 06/19/1908
Latitude: 39° 50' 35"
Longitude: 75° 15' 40"
Site: Purchase
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 03/01/1880
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 4 acres
Area Inclosed: 4 acres
Character of Soil: Sandy loam
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: About 3/16 mile
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Wire fences
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By RR to Paulsboro, NJ thence by private conveyance to station.
Distance to Nearest Road: Station is on a pulic road. Distance to RR station (Paulsboro, NJ) about 1 1/4 miles.
Distance to Post Office: About 1 1/4 miles
Distance to Village: About 1 1/4 miles to Paulsboro, NJ
Facilities for Public Conveyance: Carriages meet trains at Paulsboro
Facilities for Private Conveyance: There are livery stables in Paulsboro. Distance about 7/8 mile.
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Wooden tower
Number of Separate Lights: One
First Built or Established: 1880
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: 1886
Condition at This Date: Fair
Shape of Tower in Plan: Square
Form of Tower: Pyramidal
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: About 63'
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 70'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Trees & sky
Color of Tower: White tower, black lantern
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Detached
Object of Navigation: Channel & range for general navigating purposes
Building Materials: Wood
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: About 2" - doesn't include 10" x 10" frame timbers which are exposed inside
Wall Thickness at Parapet: About 6"
Diameter at Base: Tower is square 20' x 20'
Diameter at Parapet: Tower is square 8' 5" x 8' 5"
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wooden
Number of Landings: 5
Size of Glass: 22" x 22"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 6; 26" x 48"
Number of Doors: 4
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: On concrete piers, 6' below surface
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Sandy loam
Soil Susceptibility: Is susceptible
Miscellaneous Remarks: Illuminating apparatus is in excellent order, site is in good condition.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th range
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass: About 7' 8"
Diameter in the Clear: About 7' 6"
Number of Sides: 4
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 44.5"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: 2 sides glazed with 1 plate each
Thickness of Plates: About 1/4'
Size of Plates: 1- 44.5" x 44.5"; 1 - 37" x 44.5"; small window 12" x 18" to allow keeper to see light from dwelling
Number of Storm Panes: One
Unglazed Side of Lantern: 2 sides & part of other 2 are unglazed 245 degrees
What Bearings: 257 degrees 15' (WSW 7/8 W) to 142 degrees 15' (SE 5/8 S) from ctr of lens
Construction Material Lantern: Wood
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Wood covered with galvanized iron
Ventilator / Cowl: Galvanized iron
Lightning Spindle: No spindle on ventilator ball
Description of Lightning Rod: 3-pronged brass point about 23" above top of daymark connected to std. ground connection by means of 1/8" x 1 1/4" copper ribbon & 3/16" 8-strand copper cord about 10' long.
Balustrade: Both of wood - gallery covered with tin & grillage
Lantern Doors: Swinging wooden door, provided with a lock & knob.
Floor of Lantern: Wood
Watchroom Doors: Trap door in lantern floor. It has hinges & lifting ring
Parapet Diameter: 7' 3.5" x 7' 3.5"
Location / Number: None
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Small knobs are screwed into top of windows

How is Watchroom Fitted: 2 windows, wooden ladder up to lantern, 2 closets with shelves, & 1 shelf
How is Relief Called:
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Barbier & Fenestre
Year Made: 1879
Marks and Number: Barbier & Fenestre Cie A Paris 1879 BF/59
Order of Apparatus: 5th
Inside Diameter: 14 3/4"
Light Characteristic: Fixed white with fixed red sector between 142 degrees 15' (SE 5/8 S) & 152 degrees 15' (SSE 1/2 E)
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: 270 degrees. Door panel is reflecting
Number of Panels: 4 - 1 reflecting
Number of Flash Panels: None
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Cast iron 43 3/4" high
Service Table: None
Draft Tube Description: No tube
Revolving Machinery: Not revolving
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: By pane of ruby glass
Red Sectors Description: Red sector between 142 degrees 15' (SE 5/8 S) & 152 degrees 15' (SSE 1/2 E)
Where Color Attached: To lantern by means of wooden blocks
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Hains Lamp - 14" from base to top of batten - 1 round wick
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 1 (3 in all)
Number of Spare Burners: None except that on spare lamp
Candle Power:

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 1 wick
Diameter of Outside Wick: 1 1/8"
Diameter of Mantel:
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: 1 in lantern, it has shelves & is used for lamp supplies - 2 closets in watchroom both have shelves & are used for lamp supplies
Oil House Description: 80' 8" N of dwelling 8' x 12' in plan, concrete floor & set of 5 paint shelves, 7/8" x 9 3/4" in left end
Oil House Inside Dimension: 7' 4" x 11' 4"
Oil House Construction Material: Brick
Oil House Capacity: 2600 gal
Other (Describe): 2 closets on 1st floor of dwelling both have shelves & are used for clothes. 6 closets on 2nd floor all have shelves & are used for clothes. Cellar under dwelling used for storage purposes.
Suitability: Dry & suitable
Location: Entrance of tower is 66' NE of dwelling
Coloring: White with lead colored trimmings, green shutters
Construction Materials: Frame, stone wall foundation
Number of Rooms: 8
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Brick oil house, frame barn, frame privy
Outhouse Coloring: White, lead colored trimmings
Paths and Walks: Brick & board
Area Inclosed: About 4 acres - wire fences
Area of Garden: 1.5 acres
Area Timber or Shrubbery: None
Cultivation Area Available: All not occupied by buildings & grounds
Area Cultivated: 1.5 acres
Character of Surroundings: Farming lands
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: From well & from roof of dwelling by means of downspouts
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: Not
Purity Precaution: Downspouts have been provided with cutoffs
Tank Capacity: Cistern under dwelling - cap about 1200 gal
Tank Material: Brick
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description: Open well depth about 16'
Well Diameter: About 2' 10"
Well Lining: Lined with brick
Pump or Bucket: Pump
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling: About 10' 10"
General Opinion: Healthful
Diseases: None
Local Causes: No
Recommended Improvements: No
Access to Lighthouse:
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: General character & condition are good. Illuminating apparatus is in excellent order. Some trees on range line are now being cut away.
Supplemental Reports
Misc Remarks: It has been found that it is not practicable to obtain necessary results by trimming trees & it will be necessary to increase elevation of light.