Report for Finns Point Range Rear Light Station (New Jersey) - 1908

District: 4th
Inspector: Thos J. Rout, Jr. Draftsman
Location: About 1 3/8 miles N by E 1/4 E in rear of front light of range
Date of Report: 02/14/1908
Latitude: 39° 37' 02"
Longitude: 75° 32' 03"
Site: Purchase
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 04/22/1876
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: About 3 8/10 acres
Area Inclosed: About 3 8/10 acres
Character of Soil: Loam
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: About 1 1/4 miles
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Wire fences
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: No wharf
Means to Reach Light Station: By RR to Salem, NJ., thence by private conveyance to station.
Distance to Nearest Road: Station is on public road. Distance to RR station is about 5 miles
Distance to Post Office: About 3 miles to Pennsville (But keeper gets his mail in Salem)
Distance to Village: About 3 miles to Pennsville
Facilities for Public Conveyance: None
Facilities for Private Conveyance: There are livery stables in Salem. None in Pennsville.
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Iron tower
Number of Separate Lights: There is 1 lantern on tower, provided with 2 light
First Built or Established: 1877
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date: Fair
Shape of Tower in Plan: Skeleton framework, hexagonal; stairway shell, circular
Form of Tower: Framework, pyramidal; stairway shell, cylindrical
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: About 103' (Top of piers are about 2' 3" above ground)
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 98.5"
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Trees & sky
Color of Tower: Brown
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Detached
Object of Navigation: Channel & range, for general navigating purposes
Building Materials: Iron
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: Of wrought iron stairway cylinder, 1/4"
Wall Thickness at Parapet: Of wrought iron stairway cylinder, 1/4"
Diameter at Base: Skeleton frame, about 34', stairway cylinder, 8'
Diameter at Parapet: Skeleton frame, about 9', stairway cylinder, 8'
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Cast iron spiral stairway
Number of Landings: 4
Size of Glass: 11" x 12"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 7 total; 2 in vestibule, 15" x 4' 6"; 4 in stairway cyl. 2' 3" x 4' 6"; 1 in watchroom, 2' 8" x 4' 6"
Number of Doors: 3, 1 of which is iron (does not include lantern balcony door)
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Rubble masonry, depth not known.
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Loam
Soil Susceptibility: Is susceptible
Miscellaneous Remarks: Tower is in fair condition. About 5 panes of glass in windows are broken & zinc lining of lantern is loose & in poor condition. Site is in good order, but some dead trees should be removed.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th, range
Shape of Lantern: Cylindrical
Diameter to Glass: 7' 10 5/8", from rear wall to glass
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: Circular
Type of Bars: None
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 3' 9 5/8"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: 2; 1 faces down range & 1 ruby pane in left wall.
Thickness of Plates: Front glass abt. 1/4"; ruby glass about 1/8"
Size of Plates: 1 - 3
Number of Storm Panes: 9 5/8" square; 1 - 9 3/8" x 14 3/8"
Unglazed Side of Lantern: Front pane faces squarely down range.
What Bearings: Red light visible btwn E 1/8 N & Se by E 1/2 E or 30 degrees. Rest unglazed
Construction Material Lantern: Metal, inside wall is lined with wood & roof with zinc.
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Wrought iron
Ventilator / Cowl: Cast iron
Lightning Spindle: Cast iron
Description of Lightning Rod: None, except tower which is iron
Balustrade: Gas pipe railing - no balusters
Lantern Doors: Inner double door to balcony, wood, hung on hinges & provided with handle & slip bolt. Outer door, iron, fastened with bolt & hung on hinges.
Floor of Lantern: Cast iron
Watchroom Doors: Wooden trap door in lantern floor, hung on hinges & provided with lifting ring.
Parapet Diameter: 7' 11 1/4"
Location / Number: 3, in lower wall of lantern, covered with brass discs
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Curtain supported on 2 brackets, fastened to jamb of window. It can be rolled up by means of cord running on small sheaves

How is Watchroom Fitted: Wooden ladder leading up to lantern & 1 shelf but no closet.
How is Relief Called:
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus: No machinery
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Barbier & Fenestre, Constrs A Paris
Year Made: Not known
Marks and Number: None, except makers name
Order of Apparatus: 4th; white, range lens; red, 1 panel lens lantern
Inside Diameter: No central drum
Light Characteristic: Range light, fixed white; other light fixed red
Time of Revolution: Not revolving
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: Range light has range lens; other light, 1 90 degree panel of a lens lantern, the light however, only shows through 30 degrees
Number of Panels: White light has range lens; Red light has 1 panel of lens lantern
Number of Flash Panels: None
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: White light - 3; red light - 1
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: White light prisms are circular; red light - 3
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: White light prisms are circular; red light - 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced: No flashes
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Iron, 32 5/8" high.
Service Table: Iron, fan shape, attached to pedestal & 20.5" high
Draft Tube Description: None
Revolving Machinery: Not revolving
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube: None
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time: No machinery
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection: No machinery
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: Pane of ruby glass
Red Sectors Description: In addition to white light which faces down range, lantern is provided wih red light to mark turn from Newcastle Range to Deep Water Point Range. Going up river, red light will show between E 1/8 N & SE by E 1/2 E
Where Color Attached: Ruby glass is set into frame just outside lantern wall
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Range lens: 4th order lamp with Funk Heape burner & wick; Red light: 5th order Hains lamp, 1 wick
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 1 of each kind
Number of Spare Burners: None, except those on spare lamps
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use:
Oil House Description: Frame oil house, 7' 2" x 7' 2" in plan, located 24' E of dwelling. It has hinged door, but no shelves.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): Dwelling has 3 closets on 1st floor & 4 on 2nd floor, each having shelves & used for storage of clothes
Suitability: Dry & suitable
Location: Dwelling about 56' W of center of tower.
Coloring: White, with lead colored trimmings
Construction Materials: Wood, with stone wall foundation
Number of Rooms: 6
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Frame oil house & frame privy
Outhouse Coloring: White, with lead colored trimmings
Paths and Walks: Brick walks
Area Inclosed: About 3 8/10 acres with wire fences
Area of Garden: None
Area Timber or Shrubbery: None
Cultivation Area Available: All not occupied with buildings
Area Cultivated: None
Character of Surroundings: Farming lands
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: From well
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: Not liable
Purity Precaution: No cisterns or tank
Tank Capacity: No cisterns or tank
Tank Material:
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description: Dug well, 14' 4" deep. Water in it 2/12/1898 was 6' deep
Well Diameter: 2' 7" x 4' 3"
Well Lining: 4" brick lining
Pump or Bucket: Pump
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling: Under right rear corner of summer kitchen.
General Opinion: Healthful
Diseases: None
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements: No
Access to Lighthouse:
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Premises are in fair condition. Zinc lining of roof of lantern in poor condition. Wild cherry tree has grown up among iron work of tower & should be removed. It is planned to build a frame barn at station during coming summer.