Report for Finns Point Range Front Light Station (New Jersey) - 1908

District: 4th
Inspector: Thos. J. Rout, Jr. Draftsman
Location: Near shore on NJ side of Delaware River, about 5/8 miles SE'ly from Finns Point
Date of Report: 02/13/1908
Latitude: 39° 35' 39"
Longitude: 75° 32' 18"
Site: Purchase
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 04/21/1876
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: Present area about 7 3/10 acres
Area Inclosed: About 4 8/10 acres
Character of Soil: Loam
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: From lighthouse to high water, 120' to Delaware River, about 50' to ditch in rear
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Ditches, banks & fences
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: No wharf
Means to Reach Light Station: By RR to Salem, NJ, thence by private conveyance to station.
Distance to Nearest Road: About 1/8 mile to public road; distance to RR station at Salem, NJ about 7 miles by road.
Distance to Post Office: About 7 miles by road to Salem
Distance to Village: About 7 miles by road to Salem
Facilities for Public Conveyance: None
Facilities for Private Conveyance: There are livery stables in Salem, distance about 7 miles.
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Lantern is on dwelling forming a lighthouse
Number of Separate Lights: One
First Built or Established: 1877
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date: Fair
Shape of Tower in Plan: Lantern tower is square
Form of Tower: Prismatic
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: No tower. This distance on lighthouse is 34.5'
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 32'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Trees
Color of Tower: Lighthouse is white, with red lantern
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Lantern is on dwelling
Object of Navigation: Channel & range, for general navigating purposes
Building Materials: Lighthouse is a frame structure
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: Of lighthouse about 7"
Wall Thickness at Parapet: Of lighthouse about 7"
Diameter at Base: Lantern tower is square, 9'2" x 9' 2"
Diameter at Parapet: Lantern tower is square, 9'2" x 9' 2"
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wooden
Number of Landings: None but 2nd floor
Size of Glass: 12" x 14"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 1 window in watchroom has 2 sashs, both 16 1/4" x 33"
Number of Doors: Lighthouse has 19 doors
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Foundation of lighthouse, stone, depth not known.
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Loam
Soil Susceptibility: Is susceptible
Miscellaneous Remarks: Tower is in fair condition. A portion of sea wall is washed away & should be repaired.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th. Range
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass: About 8' 2 3/4" from rear wall of lantern to glass.
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 4
Type of Bars: None
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 3' 7"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: Glass in front only
Thickness of Plates: About 1/4"
Size of Plates: 1 plate, 3' 7" x 3' 7"
Number of Storm Panes: One
Unglazed Side of Lantern: 3 sides are unglazed
What Bearings: Glazed side faces down range
Construction Material Lantern: Wood
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Shingle roof
Ventilator / Cowl: Galvanized iron
Lightning Spindle: Galvanized iron. Lightning conductor is not connected to spindle.
Description of Lightning Rod: 7" brass point, extending about 6' 6" above roof & abt 7" from ventilator ball, is screwed to 5/8" iron pipe. Pipe extends down rear roof & wall of lantern, thence along rear roof & wall of lighthouse to std. ground connection.
Balustrade: Wood, covered with tin & grillage
Lantern Doors: Single wooden door to balcony, provided with lock & knob.
Floor of Lantern: Wood
Watchroom Doors: Wooden trap door in lantern floor. It is provided with 2 hinges & counter balance weight & cord.
Parapet Diameter: 7' 10 5/8" square
Location / Number: 3 brass ventilators, having brass discs in lower wall of lantern
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Curtain supported on 2 brackets fastened to jamb of window. It can be rolled up by means of cord running on small sheaves.

How is Watchroom Fitted: Small window, closet & wooden ladder leading up to lantern.
How is Relief Called:
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus: Occulting machinery will run 6.5 hours
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Barbier & Fenestre - Constrs A Paris
Year Made: Not known
Marks and Number: None, except name of maker
Order of Apparatus: Range lens, 4th order
Inside Diameter: No central drum
Light Characteristic: Fixed white 2 seconds, eclipse 1 second
Time of Revolution: Not moveable
Flash Interval: Intervals between eclipses, 2 seconds.
Duration of Flash: Duration of eclipse, 1 second
Arc of Each Fixed Part: Apparatus is a range lens
Number of Panels: Range lens is used
Number of Flash Panels: None
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 3
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: Prisms are circular
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: Prisms are circular
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels: Eclipses are produced by cylindrical shade
How Flash is Produced: Lifted & dropped by clockwork
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Iron, 31 3/4" high
Service Table: Iron, fan-shaped & supports clockwork
Draft Tube Description: None
Revolving Machinery: Not revolving
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube: 27'
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time: Occulting machinery will run 6.5 hours
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection: Glass case marked "USLHE Lamp Shop, 1894"
Regulated: By vertical 2-fan governor, attached to clockwork
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: No color
Red Sectors Description: No red sector
Where Color Attached: No colored glass
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Constant level, 4th order. Funk Heap burner lamp & has 1 wick
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 1, 2 in all
Number of Spare Burners: Only 1 on spare lamp
Candle Power:

Clock Cord Description
Revolving Cord: Wire rope
Size of Clock Cord:
Length of Clock Cord:
How Led: From clock, down to traveling pulley on floor, thence up to 2 single pulleys attached to ceiling of lantern
Diameter and Length of Clock Drum:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: Closet in watchroom & another in lantern. Each has hinged doors & shelves & are used for storage of cleaning, lamps, powder, etc.
Oil House Description: Oil shed of rough lumber, just inside river bank about 50' E of lighthouse. It has no shelves.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): Lighthouse has 5 closets on 1st floor, each having shelves. 2 used for storage of lamp supplies, rest for clothes. 4 closets on 2nd floor, having shelves & used for clothes. Number does not include closets in watchroom or lantern.
Suitability: All dry & suitable.
Location: Lantern on dwelling, forming a lighthouse
Coloring: White with red lantern
Construction Materials: Wood - stone foundation
Number of Rooms: 7
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Frame barn, frame oil house & frame privy.
Outhouse Coloring: All white
Paths and Walks: Brick & wooden walks
Area Inclosed: About 4 8/10 acres by ditches, banks & fences
Area of Garden: None
Area Timber or Shrubbery: None
Cultivation Area Available: About 3 acres
Area Cultivated: None
Character of Surroundings: Loam meadow
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: From roof of lighthouse & barn by downspouts to tanks & cisterns. Well water unfit for cooking or drinking purposes
Quality: Good when properly cared for
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: Not liable
Purity Precaution: Downspouts have been provided wth cutoffs
Tank Capacity: Cistern under lighthouse, cap abt 3000 gal.; Tank under LH(not in use & to be removed), cap abt 920 gal; 2 tanks near barn cap abt. 800 gal each.
Tank Material: Cistern of rubble masonry lined with brick & cement; tanks of cedar.
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description: Driven well. Keeper states it is abt. 33' deep.
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket: Pump is broken.
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Healthful
Diseases: None
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements:
Access to Lighthouse:
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Buildings in fair condition. Portion of seawall has been washed away & should be repaired. Illuminating apparatus is in excellent condition. Proposed to build a brick oil house during coming summer. Barn is small & inconvenient. Propose building new one.