Report for Aunuu (Samoa) - 1911

District: 19th
Inspector: Lieut. C. S. McDowell, USN
Location: On highest NE end of Aunuu Island
Date of Report: 03/03/1911
Latitude: 14° 18' 14" S
Longitude: 170° 33' 43" W
Site: US Government Land
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 03/04/1906
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 45/100 acre
Area Inclosed: Noen
Character of Soil: Good. volcanic
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: 600'
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: None
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: Trail 1200' to beach
Means to Reach Light Station: Foot or horse
Distance to Nearest Road: 7 miles from dock at Pago Pago
Distance to Post Office: 7 miles
Distance to Village: 1/2 mile from Aunuu
Facilities for Public Conveyance: Steam launch or open boat from Pago Pago
Facilities for Private Conveyance: None
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Tower around 6" pipe
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 4/18/1905
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: Dec., 1909
Condition at This Date: Fair
Shape of Tower in Plan: Square
Form of Tower: Pyramidal
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 230'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Sky light on top of promontory
Color of Tower: White
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Whitewash & cement
Tower Connection: Detached
Object of Navigation: Seacoast & channel. Illuminates S coast of Tutuila & channel btwn Aunuu & Tutuila.
Building Materials: Oregon pine around 6" iron pipe in cement
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 1"
Wall Thickness at Parapet: 1"
Diameter at Base: 16' square
Diameter at Parapet: 4' square
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Ladder
Number of Landings: None
Size of Glass: None
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: None
Number of Doors: None
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Wood, resting on lava
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Lava
Soil Susceptibility: Not necessary
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 5 day lens lantern
Shape of Lantern: Cylindrical
Diameter to Glass:
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides:
Type of Bars:
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed:
Number of Plates in Height:
Number of Plates Each Side:
Thickness of Plates:
Size of Plates:
Number of Storm Panes:
Unglazed Side of Lantern:
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern:
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Canvas cover over lantern in the day time.
Ventilator / Cowl: None
Lightning Spindle: None
Description of Lightning Rod:
Balustrade: None
Lantern Doors:
Floor of Lantern:
Watchroom Doors:
Parapet Diameter:
How is Watchroom Fitted: Light Keeper lives in native hut about 1/2 mile from light.
How is Relief Called:
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker:
Year Made:
Marks and Number:
Order of Apparatus: Lens lantern
Inside Diameter:
Light Characteristic:
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: Fixed 360 degrees red
Number of Panels:
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum:
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum:
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description:
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description:
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 1
Number of Spare Burners: 1
Candle Power:

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 1 wick
Diameter of Outside Wick: 1 1/8"
Diameter of Mantel: 7/8"
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: None
Oil House Description: Closet inside tower
Oil House Inside Dimension: 1.5' x 3'
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity: 2 5-gal cans
Other (Describe):
General Opinion: Healthy
Diseases: Native diseases
Prevalency: No
Local Causes: No
Recommended Improvements: No
Access to Lighthouse: No government landing, trail from village of Aunuu 1/2 mile from light. Land on beach at Aunuu.
Distance and Direction: S'ly & about 1/2 mile from light.
Miscellaneous Remarks: Obscured to N'd on horizon by high land of Tutuila, from N 30 degrees 30' W (magnetic). W'd obscured to S'd from S 3 degrees E (mag) to S 30 degrees 30' W (mag). Partially obscured from S 50 degrees 10' W (mag) to S 56 degrees 25' W.