Report for Fairway Island (Alaska) - 1910

District: 13th
Inspector: Maj. JF McIndoe, Corps of Engineers, USA
Location: NE'ly point of Fairway Island, W'ly side of Chatham Strait & E'ly entrance to Peril Strait.
Date of Report: 02/28/1910
Latitude: 57° 26' 34"
Longitude: 134° 51' 39"
Site: Reserved by Executive Order
Date of Reservation: 01/06/1901
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 39 acres
Area Inclosed: None
Character of Soil: Rocky with decayed vegetation
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: 10'
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence:
Wharf or Landing on Premises: Landing made at boatways about 180' W'ly from light. Good except in NE'ly wind; landing can be made at boatways at 1/5 tide.
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: Cement walk to boathouse 210'; gravel to foot of ways 120': total 330'
Means to Reach Light Station: By hired boat, row or sail, from Killisnos, Alaska, or by rowboat from passing steamer. Juneau-Sitka mail steamer calls once a month.
Distance to Nearest Road: 10 miles to Killisnos, Alaska
Distance to Post Office: 10 miles to Killisnos
Distance to Village: 10 miles to Killisnos
Facilities for Public Conveyance: None, except by small boat from passing steamer
Facilities for Private Conveyance: By hired boat from Killisnos, 10 miles distant.
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Dwarf tower
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 9/1/1904
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: Hexagonal
Form of Tower: Pyramidal
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 9' 6"
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 37'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Sun from N or S in Chatham Straits appears against dark timber background
Color of Tower: White
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Detached
Object of Navigation: Local navigating & more particularly vessels entering or leaving Peril Strait.
Building Materials: Concrete foundation, wooden superstructure.
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 6" concrete
Wall Thickness at Parapet: 4" superstructure frame
Diameter at Base: 4' across faces of hexagon
Diameter at Parapet: 3' 4" at base of parapet
Kind of Stairway and Steps: None
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass:
Number of Windows and Size of Sash:
Number of Doors: 1 in frame structure, 1' 6" x 3'
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Concrete 2' deep
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Rocky
Soil Susceptibility: Around bldgs, about 1' soil has been spread which grows grass.
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: Lens lantern shelter
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass: 3' 4" across faces
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 6
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 2' 10"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 1/4"
Size of Plates: 1' 9.5" x 2' 9 5/8"
Number of Storm Panes: None
Unglazed Side of Lantern: 60 degrees
What Bearings: Covers island
Construction Material Lantern: Wooden frame covered with copper, copper door.
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Copper
Ventilator / Cowl: Revolving cowl
Lightning Spindle:
Description of Lightning Rod:
Lantern Doors: Hung on hinges & locked with brass pins
Floor of Lantern: Wooden platform on which lens lantern is carried
Watchroom Doors:
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: In base of tower
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: Step ladder
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Canvas cover placed over lens lantern

How is Watchroom Fitted: Watch kept in dwelling
How is Relief Called: None
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Supplied from Thompkinsville
Year Made: Supplied 1904
Marks and Number: None
Order of Apparatus: Lens lantern, fixed white
Inside Diameter: 11 3/4"
Light Characteristic: Lens lantern, fixed white, with red sector btwn 198 degrees & 240 degrees 20'
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels: 4
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 7
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: None
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: None
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description:
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: By pane of ruby glass
Red Sectors Description: 198 degrees & 240 degrees 20' covering Morris Reef
Where Color Attached: Lantern inside of plate glass
Form of Colored Glass: Strips of ruby glass of necessary width secured by wooden cleats at top & bottom.
Lamp Description: Lens lantern lamp
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 2 complete 5-day lens lanterns at station which gives 3 spare lamps.
Number of Spare Burners:
Candle Power:

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels:
Diameter of Outside Wick: 1 1/4"
Diameter of Mantel:
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use:
Oil House Description:
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): None except in dwelling, under stairs fitted with shelves.
Suitability: Dry & suitable
Location: 38' S of light
Coloring: White with gray trimmings
Construction Materials: Wood on concrete foundation
Number of Rooms: 4
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Woodshed attached to dwelling & boathouse
Outhouse Coloring: White
Paths and Walks: Cement walks from dwelling to all bldgs.
Area Inclosed: None
Area of Garden: Abt 1/3 acre around dwelling graded & soil covered
Area Timber or Shrubbery: About 25 acres
Cultivation Area Available: 1/3 acre
Area Cultivated: 1/3 acre
Character of Surroundings: Rocky bluffs covered with evergreen timber.
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: Rain water from roofs
Quality: Fair
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: Stored in tank about 37' above high water; safe from injury.
Purity Precaution: None
Tank Capacity: 2250 gal placed in woodsheds
Tank Material: 1 redwood tank
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket: Pump in kitchen
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Healthy
Diseases: Rheumatism
Prevalency: During wet weather
Local Causes: None
Recommended Improvements: No
Access to Lighthouse: Boathouse & carpenter shop, 16' x 40' stands abt 40' W'ly from dwelling, reached by cement walks & steps. Boathouse abt 12' above high water & equipped with 14' boat, car & windlass.
Distance and Direction: Boatways, 130' long w/ 30 T rails on wooden stringers on concrete piers leads to beach at 1/3 tide.
Miscellaneous Remarks: