Report for Elbow of Cross Ledge (New Jersey) - 1910

District: 4th
Inspector: A.E. Arlidge, Supt.
Location: On E'ly side of main channel of Delaware Bay, & off W'ly side of Cross Ledge Shoal at elbow.
Date of Report: 02/19/1910
Latitude: 39° 10' 54" N
Longitude: 75° 16' 07"
Site: Ceded to US by state of NJ; to revert to state in case of non-occupancy
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 03/31/1909
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 288 acres
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: Located in Del. Bay
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence:
Wharf or Landing on Premises: Lighthouse tenders can land at station
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By lighthouse tenders
Distance to Nearest Road: 6 1/8 miles to landing & public road at Mahon River light.
Distance to Post Office: Little Creek Del, 8 3/4 miles naut.
Distance to Village: Little Creek Del, 8 3/4 miles naut.
Facilities for Public Conveyance: None
Facilities for Private Conveyance: None, stations may be reached by launch from Maurice River, NJ
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Dwelling superstructure
Number of Separate Lights: One
First Built or Established: 2/1/1910
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date: Excellent
Shape of Tower in Plan: Octagonal
Form of Tower: Prismatic
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 47' 4"
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 57' 2"
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Up the sea
Color of Tower: Red brick & metallic brown
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Natural color of brick & paint
Tower Connection: Tower on dwelling
Object of Navigation: Bay light, for general navigating purposes.
Building Materials: Brick, concrete, cast iron, wood & wall board interior finish
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 14" (13" brick, 1" finish)
Wall Thickness at Parapet: 3.5" (iron watchroom walls)
Diameter at Base: 23' 8"
Diameter at Parapet: 19' 5"
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wood stairway & steps except cast iron from watchroom to lantern
Number of Landings: 2, not including floors
Size of Glass: 2' 2" x 2' 6" on 1st floor; 2' 6" x 2' 6" on 2nd floor; 30" diam. on 3rd floor.
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 7 on 1st floor - lower 2' 6.5" x 2' 11" - upper 2' 6" x 2' 11"; 8 on 2nd floor - lower 2' 10.5" x 2' 11" - upper 2' 10" x 2' 11"
Number of Doors: 26 not including 2 basement & 1 lantern door
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Cast iron & concrete 9'8" below bottom
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Lighthouse in bay
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Foundation shell stands in 23' of water at low tide, site is protected from seas of current by a 4' defitte of riprap deposited to radius of 80'.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern: Cylindrical
Diameter to Glass: 7' 7.42"
Diameter in the Clear: 7' 1 9/16"
Number of Sides: Round
Type of Bars: Helical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 2' 11.5"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: Lantern is round
Thickness of Plates: 1/4"
Size of Plates: See std design of round lantern dated Mch 1898
Number of Storm Panes: None
Unglazed Side of Lantern: None
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Cast & wrought iron
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Conical cast iron
Ventilator / Cowl: Round cast iron
Lightning Spindle: Brass spindle, on ball of lantern with platinum tip.
Description of Lightning Rod: 1/8" x 1.5" copper ribbon attached to iron of watchroom deck, & leads down E'ly corner of brick wall & attached to lower end to iron veranda roof
Balustrade: Wrought iron posts & railing. cast iron gallery or deck
Lantern Doors: Full height lantern door with upper section glazed; door hung on brass hinges & has catch.
Floor of Lantern: Cast iron
Watchroom Doors: No door
Parapet Diameter: 7' 1 9/16"
Location / Number: 4 brass ventilators in lower wall of lantern
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: Wooden ladder
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Roller curtains with hinges tapped to lantern lining

How is Watchroom Fitted: With closet in hallway & closets under stairway. Spiral cast iron stairway leads to lantern. Watchroom has a door opening out on deck.
How is Relief Called: Call bell system connected to clockwork
Where is Call System Led: From lantern through electric conduit built into center column & partitions to bell in hallway 1st floor
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Barbier, Benardo & Turenne
Year Made:
Marks and Number: USLHE 432, also 6567 on lens frame
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter: 19 3/4"
Light Characteristic: Fixed white, 25 sec, 1 sec eclipse, 1 sec light, 1 sec eclipse, 1 sec light, 1 sec eclipse (completing cycle in 30 secs.)
Time of Revolution: 30 seconds
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels: 4
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 1
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 8
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 6
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Std 4 columns pedestal with clock shelf
Service Table: None except top of cupboard in lantern
Draft Tube Description: No tube
Revolving Machinery: Standard 4th order clock
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls: Balls
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube: 15' 7"
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection: By glass case
Regulated: Fan regulator in clock
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: Has red sector
Red Sectors Description: From 327 degrees - 9' true (NNW 5/16 W Mag) to 147 degrees - 9' true (SSE 5/16 E Mag)
Where Color Attached: To lantern
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Incandescent vapor, 1 mantel
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 2 regular 4th order
Number of Spare Burners: 2 oil vapor burners
Candle Power:

Clock Cord Description
Revolving Cord:
Size of Clock Cord:
Length of Clock Cord:
How Led: Cord passes down from drum under a traveling pulley 18" down in Wt. box, thence up & on 2nd traveling pulley attached under sides of clock shelf. Thence down 1 guide pulley to double & single block in weight box.
Diameter and Length of Clock Drum:

Chariot Balls
Balls Description: V grooves
Cage to Separate Balls: False
Number of Balls: 19
Diameter of Balls: 1/2"

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 1 mantel
Diameter of Outside Wick:
Diameter of Mantel: About 1.3"
Diameter of Circum Circle: Only 1 mantel

Occulting Light
Characteristic: Fixed white, 25 sec, 1 sec eclipse, 1 sec light, 1 sec eclipse, 1 sec light, 1 sec eclipse
Time Limit: About 10 sec to 40 sec for revolution
Eclipse Type: Revolving screen
Size and Amplitude:
Axis Rotation: Vertical
Axis Relation: Coincident
Screen Revolution: As part of apparatus
Screen Number: 3
Screen Time: 30 seconds
Screen Form: Conform to lens
Screen Mounting: Secured to prism
Screen Order: 4th
Screen Date:
Valve Maker:
Valve Pattern:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: Closet connected with dining room & provided with shelves.
Oil House Description: In basement, with door & port window
Oil House Inside Dimension: Irregular area about 40 degrees
Oil House Construction Material: Concrete
Oil House Capacity: About 1200 5-gal cans
Other (Describe): Pantry & Storeroom connected with kitchen with shelves. Closet each bedroom & in hallway 2nd floor, with clothes hooks & shelves.
Suitability: Dry & suitable
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: 2000# bell struck by Gamewell Striking machine No. 3
Time to Start: 15 seconds
How Long Will Pressure Last:
Manufacturer: Bell cast by McShane Bell Foundry Co. of Baltimore
Year of Manufacture: 1909
Characteristic: Struck every 15 sec, a single & double blow alternately
Duplication: No part
Timing Device:
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown:
Height Above Water:
Compass Direction: On Channel side of lighthouse
Location: Located on veranda of lighthouse channelward
Distance and Direction: On lighthouse
Water Supply:
Reached from Lighthouse:
Description of Fog Signal Building:
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Bell Signal
Weight: 2,000 lbs
Metal: 22# pure tin, 78# pure copper
Diameter: 4'
Height: 2' 11"
Time: About 1.5 hours
Manufacturer: Bell cast by McShane Bell Foundry Co. of Baltimore
Weights for Operation:
Location: Dwelling superstructure erected on cast & concrete foundation
Coloring: Red bricks & metallic brown
Construction Materials: Brick, concrete, cast iron, wood & wall board interior finish.
Number of Rooms: 7 not including basement with oil & coal rooms
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 3
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: None
Outhouse Coloring:
Paths and Walks:
Area Inclosed: Light located in bay
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available:
Area Cultivated:
Character of Surroundings:
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: From roof & decks
Quality: Fair
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: Not liable
Purity Precaution: Downspouts provided with cutoff
Tank Capacity: Iron tank, 3rd floor - 340 gal; Iron tank buried in concrete 1700 gal; Cistern 900 gal
Tank Material: Tanks - iron; Cistern - concrete
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling: