Report for Elbow Beacon (New Jersey) - 1880

District: 3rd
Inspector: Genl. J.C. Duane, Engineer, 3rd district
Location: On a shoal point btwn Passaic & Hackensack Rivers, Newark Bay, NJ.
Date of Report: 02/03/1880
Latitude: 40° 42' 06"
Longitude: 74° 07' 29"
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site:
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil: Rip-rap foundation
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark:
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: None
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By small boat from shore
Distance to Nearest Road: About 1/2 mile from South Bergen, NJ.
Distance to Post Office:
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Beacon tower
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 1854
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: 1867
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: Hexagon
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 13' to focal plane
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 27'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Low marshy point btwn 2 rivers
Color of Tower: Black & red horizontal belts.
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Painted
Tower Connection: Beacon on a stone pier of 15' & square, no dwelling.
Object of Navigation: A guide for entering Passaic & Hackensack Rivers.
Building Materials: Wood
General Description: Portable beacon
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base: 7'
Diameter at Parapet: 4.5'
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Ladder leading to platform for standing on in attending the light.
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass: No windows
Number of Windows and Size of Sash:
Number of Doors: 1
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Rip-rap & stone pier.
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Foundation consists of rip-rap formed of blocks of granite. 48' sq. at base, 26' at top & 10' high. Pier 20' square at base, 15' at top & 16' high. 8 courses alternate headers & stretchers - Each course sitting back abt 3" all around from preceding course
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: Beacon
Shape of Lantern:
Diameter to Glass: 3' 6"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 6
Type of Bars:
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: About 2' 3"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 3/16"
Size of Plates: 26.5" x 23.5"
Number of Storm Panes:
Unglazed Side of Lantern: None
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Wood - iron astragals
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Wood tinned
Ventilator / Cowl: Wood
Lightning Spindle:
Description of Lightning Rod:
Balustrade: None - lantern sill forms top frame of beacon
Lantern Doors: None
Floor of Lantern: None - shelf across 1/2 to support lens.
Watchroom Doors: None
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: In upper part of beacon
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement:
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Screwed into top frame
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Made in lamp shop
Year Made:
Marks and Number:
Order of Apparatus: 6th
Inside Diameter:
Light Characteristic: Fixed white
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: NE by S'd to NW
Number of Panels: 4
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: Central belt only -- no prisms
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: Central belt only -- no prisms
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: None - rests on shelf outside of lantern
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description:
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: White
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Flat wick lamp for mineral oil
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps:
Number of Spare Burners:
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use:
Oil House Description: Lower part of beacon used as oil room.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity: 1 - 50 gallon oil butt on oil butt stand.
Other (Describe):