Report for Egg Island Light Station (New Jersey) - 1908

District: 4th
Inspector: Thos. J. Rout, Jr. Draftsman
Location: On Egg Island Point, NJ, W'ly side of Maurice River Cove, N'ly side of Delaware Bay.
Date of Report: 02/27/1908
Latitude: 39° 10' 44"
Longitude: 75° 08' 13"
Site: Purchase
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 02/15/1878
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: Present area, about 13 75/100 acres
Area Inclosed: None
Character of Soil: Salt marsh
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: 72'
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: None
Wharf or Landing on Premises: There is a small boat landing on Maurice River Cove & a frame wharf on ditch. This wharf is on pine piles & 20.5' x 47.5' in plan.
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: Wharf & landing conn'd to lighthouse by elev'ed walk dist. about 50' (wharf) 400' (landing).
Means to Reach Light Station: By RR to Bivalve, NJ & thence by private boat to station.
Distance to Nearest Road: About 8.5 miles by boat to public road. Distance to RR station about 8.5 miles by boat.
Distance to Post Office: About 8.5 miles by boat to Bivalve, NJ
Distance to Village: About 8.5 miles by boat to Bivalve, NJ
Facilities for Public Conveyance: None
Facilities for Private Conveyance: Boats can usually be hired at Bivalve
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Lantern tower on frame dwelling forming a lighthouse.
Number of Separate Lights: One
First Built or Established: 1838
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: 1878
Condition at This Date: Fair
Shape of Tower in Plan: Lantern tower is octagonal
Form of Tower: Prismatic
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: No detached tower, this distance on lighthouse about 45'.
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 47'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Distant trees & sky
Color of Tower: White with black lantern
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Painted
Tower Connection: Lantern tower is on dwelling
Object of Navigation: Bay, for general navigating purposes
Building Materials: Wood
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: About 6"
Wall Thickness at Parapet: About 6"
Diameter at Base: Lantern tower is about 7' 6" x 7' 6" outside
Diameter at Parapet: About 7' 6" x 7' 6" outside
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wooden
Number of Landings: None, but 2nd floor
Size of Glass: 9" x 12"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 1 in watchroom, about 22.5" x 2' 5.5"
Number of Doors: Lighthouse has 26 doors
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Brick piers, probably on piles, depth not known.
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Salt marsh
Soil Susceptibility: Soil is susceptible of being protected by grass.
Miscellaneous Remarks: Tower is well painted inside. 2 panes of glass of lantern are badly cracked & should be replaced. Banks leak & will soon have to be overhauled.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern: From floor to glass, cylindrical; above this decogonal
Diameter to Glass: About 7' .5"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: Circular
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: About 3' 3/8"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: About 1/4"
Size of Plates: 2' 3 5/8" x 3' 3/8"
Number of Storm Panes: 1 extra pane on hand
Unglazed Side of Lantern: 2 sides, 72 degrees arc
What Bearings: SSE 1/4 E & SW 1/8 W. Dark sector covers the shore.
Construction Material Lantern: Wood below & iron above the iron glass sill.
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Cast iron
Ventilator / Cowl: Cast iron
Lightning Spindle: Cast iron
Description of Lightning Rod: A round 1/2" solid copper rod runs from iron sill of lantern over roof & down end of lighthouse to std. ground connection. It is not attached to spindle.
Balustrade: Wood
Lantern Doors: Wooden door, 19" x 26" opening. Provided with hinges, a ring & hook & eye.
Floor of Lantern: Wood
Watchroom Doors: Trap door in lantern floor, provided with hinges, a lifting ring & hook & eye.
Parapet Diameter: About 6' 7.5"
Location / Number: 4 ventilators in lower wall of lantern. All have brass disc covers.
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: 10 brass hooks tapped into tops of lantern posts

How is Watchroom Fitted: 1 window, lamp table, 12" above floor. Top is about 11" x 2' 7". Also a ladder 20" wide leading up to lantern.
How is Relief Called:
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus: No machinery
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Not known
Year Made: Not known
Marks and Number: None
Order of Apparatus: 5th
Inside Diameter: 14.5"
Light Characteristic: Fixed white
Time of Revolution: Not moveable
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: 270 degrees
Number of Panels: 3
Number of Flash Panels: None
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced: No flashes
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Iron, 42 3/4" high
Service Table: Iron, fan shaped, 36.5" above floor & attached to pedestal.
Draft Tube Description: No tube, but there is a 5" iron pipe directly over lens which extends up into the ventilator ball.
Revolving Machinery: Not revolving
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube: None
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time: No machinery
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: No color
Red Sectors Description: No red sector
Where Color Attached: No colored glass
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: 5th order Haines, with 1 wick
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 1 (3 in all)
Number of Spare Burners: None, except that on spare lamp.
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use:
Oil House Description: Galvanized iron oil house, 10' x 10' in plan, is located about 61' N of lighthouse. It has a concrete floor & 5 shelves, 7/8" x 9 3/4" on right side.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): 5 closets on 1st floor & 4 on 2nd floor, all provided with shelves used for storing clothes etc.
Suitability: Dry & suitable
Location: Lantern is on dwelling forming a lighthouse.
Coloring: White, with black lantern
Construction Materials: Frame, brick pier foundation
Number of Rooms: 9
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Galvanized iron oil house & frame privy
Outhouse Coloring: Oil house is white, privy is white with lead colored trimmings
Paths and Walks: Board walks connect lighthouse with out-buildings.
Area Inclosed: None
Area of Garden: None
Area Timber or Shrubbery: None
Cultivation Area Available: None
Area Cultivated: None
Character of Surroundings: Salt marsh
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: From roof of lighthouse by downspouts to 2 tanks.
Quality: Good when properly cared for
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: Not liable
Purity Precaution: Downspouts are provided with cutoffs
Tank Capacity: 2 Tanks under lighthouse. Cap about 960 gals each. An old tank, cap about 325 gals stands on E side of lighthouse is almost worn out & water not used.
Tank Material: Wood
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Healthful
Diseases: None
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements:
Access to Lighthouse: Wharf is frame, on pine piles. Top is 20.5' x 47.5' & abt. 11' 3" above mean low water. Boat landing is frame, on wooden piles, about 8' above mean low water.
Distance and Direction: Wharf is about 50' N of lighthouse & boat landing about 400' E of lighthouse. Both are connected to lighthouse by elevated boardwalks.
Miscellaneous Remarks: The illuminating apparatus is in excellent order.