Report for Drum Point Light Station (Maryland) - 1909

District: 5th
Inspector: John Murdoch, Assistant Lighthouse Engineer
Location: Off Drum Point, N'ly side of entrance to Patuxent River, W'ly side of Chesapeake Bay
Date of Report: 08/03/1909
Latitude: 38° 19' 10"
Longitude: 76° 25' 16"
Site: Purchase
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site:
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark:
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence:
Wharf or Landing on Premises:
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: Small boat
Distance to Nearest Road: 3/4 mile to public road, 1.5 miles to steamboat landing at Drum Point.
Distance to Post Office: 1.5 miles
Distance to Village: 1.5 miles
Facilities for Public Conveyance: None
Facilities for Private Conveyance: Small boat
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Screw-pile structure
Number of Separate Lights: One
First Built or Established: 1883
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: August, 1905
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: Hexagonal
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 45.5'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Woods
Color of Tower: No tower
Color of Tower/ How Produced:
Tower Connection:
Object of Navigation: General purposes
Building Materials:
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wood
Number of Landings: 2
Size of Glass: 10" x 12"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 8, 2' 10" x 2' 4"
Number of Doors: 20
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Iron screw-pile, 9'
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass: 7' 1"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 8
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 36.5"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 3/8"
Size of Plates: 36.5" x 34"
Number of Storm Panes: 8
Unglazed Side of Lantern:
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Copper, iron & wood
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Copper
Ventilator / Cowl: Copper
Lightning Spindle: Brass
Description of Lightning Rod: Copper, attached by ferrule to head of spindle, led to roof of dwelling, to side of house & piling to water
Balustrade: Wood
Lantern Doors: Wood doors, fitted with hinges to frame of lantern
Floor of Lantern: Wood
Watchroom Doors:
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: Lower section of lantern
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Brass, screwed into frame of lantern
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Henry LePaute, Paris
Year Made: Not known
Marks and Number: None
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter: 19 1/4"
Light Characteristic: Fixed red with dark sector between 74 degrees 30' true (E 7/8 N mag.) & 82 degrees 30' true (E 3/16 N mag.)
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels: 3 panels, 1 open section 90 degrees
Number of Flash Panels: None
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Iron
Service Table: Wood, covered with zinc
Draft Tube Description:
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: By red chimney
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: 4th order, improved 1-wick
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 2
Number of Spare Burners: None
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use:
Oil House Description: 2nd floor in open room
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): On 1st & 2nd floors; for general storage purposes; fitted with shelves
Suitability: Dry & suited
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: Stevens bell machine
Time to Start: 2 minutes
How Long Will Pressure Last:
Manufacturer: Geo. M. Stevens Co., Boston, Mass.
Year of Manufacture:
Characteristic: Double blow every 15 sec.
Duplication: None
Timing Device:
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown:
Height Above Water:
Compass Direction:
Distance and Direction:
Water Supply:
Reached from Lighthouse:
Description of Fog Signal Building:
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Bell Signal
Weight: 1400 lbs
Metal: Bell metal
Diameter: 39"
Height: 30"
Weights for Operation:
Location: No tower; lantern on dwelling
Coloring: White
Construction Materials: Wood
Number of Rooms: 6
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouse Coloring:
Paths and Walks:
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available:
Area Cultivated:
Character of Surroundings:
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: From roof
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: Not liable
Purity Precaution: By cleaning tanks when necessary
Tank Capacity: 4 tanks, 200 gal. each
Tank Material: Iron
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Generally good
Diseases: Malarial
Prevalency: Spring & Fall
Local Causes: Marshes in surrounding country
Recommended Improvements: