Report for Deep Water Point Rear Range Light Station (New Jersey) - 1908

District: 4th
Inspector: Thos. J. Rout, Jr. Draftsman
Location: About 1 1/16 miles NE 1.4 E in rear of front light of range
Date of Report: 02/14/1908
Latitude: 39° 41' 59"
Longitude: 75° 29' 38"
Site: Purchase
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 09/15/1875
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 3 1/10 acre
Area Inclosed: About 1 acre
Character of Soil: Meadow soil
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: About 1/8 mile to Delaware River; about 60' to Henly Creek
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Wooden fence, ditches & creek
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: None
Means to Reach Light Station: By RR to Pennsgrove, NJ & thence by private conveyance to station.
Distance to Nearest Road: About 1 mile to public road. Distance to RR station about 3.5 miles.
Distance to Post Office: About 3.5 miles by road
Distance to Village: About 3.5 miles by road to Pennsgrove, NJ
Facilities for Public Conveyance: None
Facilities for Private Conveyance: Horses can be hired in Pennsgrove
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Iron tower
Number of Separate Lights: One
First Built or Established: 1876
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: Skeleton frame work, hexagonal; Stairway shell, circular.
Form of Tower: Skeleton, pyramidal; shell, cylindrical
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: About 103' (Top of piers are about 24" above ground)
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 91' 6"
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Trees & sky
Color of Tower: Black
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Detached
Object of Navigation: Channel & range, for general navigating purposes.
Building Materials: Iron
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: Cylindrical shell for stairway, 1/4"
Wall Thickness at Parapet: Cylindrical shell for stairway, 1/4"
Diameter at Base: Skeleton framework, 34'; stairway shell 8'
Diameter at Parapet: Skeleton, about 9'; Stairway shell 8'
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Cast iron spiral stairway
Number of Landings: 4
Size of Glass: 11" x 12"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 1 watchroom & 4 in cylinder - 2' 3" x 4' 6"; 2 in vestibule - 15" x 4' 6"
Number of Doors: 3, 1 of which is iron
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Keeper says 30' piles were driven & on top of this was placed a grillage, about 8' below the ground, on top of grillage cement piers were built up to ground & above this rubble masonry piers
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Meadow soil
Soil Susceptibility: Is susceptible
Miscellaneous Remarks: Tower & site are in good condition & tower is well painted. Closet in watchroom or lantern would be very convenient for keeper
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th order range
Shape of Lantern: Lower wall, cylindrical; above this polygonal
Diameter to Glass: About 7' from rear wall of lantern to glass.
Diameter in the Clear: Circular
Number of Sides: 10
Type of Bars: None
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 3'
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: Glass in front only
Thickness of Plates: About 1/4"
Size of Plates: 1; 2' 3 1/4" x 3' 1/2"
Number of Storm Panes: 3 extra panes of glass on hand
Unglazed Side of Lantern: 9 sides are unglazed
What Bearings: Glazed side faces down range
Construction Material Lantern: Metal with wood lining inside, below glass sill
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Cast iron
Ventilator / Cowl: Cast iron
Lightning Spindle: Cast iron
Description of Lightning Rod: None, except tower which is of iron
Balustrade: Gas pipe railing, no balusters. Deck is of cast iron
Lantern Doors: 16" x 25" door in lower wall of lantern, provided with hook & eye & handle on each side
Floor of Lantern: Cast iron
Watchroom Doors: Trap door in lantern floor, hung on hinges & provided with lifting knob.
Parapet Diameter: 6' 10.5"
Location / Number: 4, in lower wall of lantern, each covered with brass disc.
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None required
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: 2 small curtains hooks are tapped into lantern post on each side of glass.

How is Watchroom Fitted: Shelf & wooden stairway leading up to lantern. No closet.
How is Relief Called:
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus: No machinery
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Barbier & Fenestre, Paris
Year Made: Not known
Marks and Number: None, except name of maker
Order of Apparatus: 4th order range lens
Inside Diameter: No central drum
Light Characteristic: Fixed white
Time of Revolution: Not moveable
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: Range lens used
Number of Panels:
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 3
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: Prisms are circular
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: Prisms are circular
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced: No flashes
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Iron, 43" high
Service Table: Iron; fan shaped & attached to pedestal. It is 38" above floor
Draft Tube Description: None
Revolving Machinery: Not revolving
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube: None
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time: No machinery
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection: No machinery
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: No color
Red Sectors Description: No red sector
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass: No colored glass
Lamp Description: Constant level lamp, 1 wick
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 1 lamp, 2 in all
Number of Spare Burners: None, except that on spare lamp.
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: None
Oil House Description: Frame oil house 7' x 7' in plan is located about 30' S of tower. It has hinged door but no shelves.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): Dwelling has 3 closets on 1st floor, fitted with shelves & used for clothes. There is a pantry on 1st floor having a window but no shelves. 3 closets on 2nd floor, all provided with shelves & used for storage of clothes.
Suitability: All dry & suitable.
Location: About 25' NW of center of tower & connected thereto by elevated board walk.
Coloring: White, with lead colored trimmings.
Construction Materials: Wood, stone foundation for main building & brick foundation for kitchen addition.
Number of Rooms: 8
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Frame oil house, frame privy & frame barn
Outhouse Coloring: White, with lead colored trimmings
Paths and Walks: Shell walks, brick walks & elevated board walks.
Area Inclosed: About 1 acre, by wooden fences, ditch & creek.
Area of Garden: About 2500 square ft.
Area Timber or Shrubbery: None
Cultivation Area Available: About 2500 sq. ft.
Area Cultivated: About 2500 sq. ft.
Character of Surroundings: Meadow soil
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: From roof of dwelling through downspouts to cistern. (Station has a well, but water is not fit for domestic use)
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample except in very dry season
Injury Possible: Not liable
Purity Precaution: Downspouts have been provided with cutoffs
Tank Capacity: Cistern under dwelling, cap. about 7000 gal.
Tank Material: Brick
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description: Open well, about 10' deep.5' of water in it Feb., 1908; Water unfit for drinking
Well Diameter: 2' 6"
Well Lining: Brick lined
Pump or Bucket: Pump
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling: About 60'
General Opinion: Healthful
Diseases: None
Local Causes: No
Recommended Improvements: No
Access to Lighthouse: No landing or wharf
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Conditions at this station are very good. Tower is well painted & illuminating apparatus is in excellent order. Dwelling is in excellent condition, well painted & cared for in best manner. If shelves were placed in pantry, it would be very convenient.