Report for Deep Water Point Range Front Light Station (New Jersey) - 1908

District: 4th
Inspector: Thos. J. Rout Jr. Draftsman
Location: At mouth of Salem Canal on the NJ side of Delaware River, about 5/8 mile below Deep Water Point
Date of Report: 02/15/1908
Latitude: 39° 41' 12"
Longitude: 75° 30' 34"
Site: Purchase
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 02/26/1876
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: About 3 8/10 acres
Area Inclosed: About 3 8/10 acres
Character of Soil: Sandy Loam
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: Lighthouse is about 20' from Salem Canal
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Fences, sea wall & ditches
Wharf or Landing on Premises: Frame boathouse, with pile foundation, 10' 2" x 20' 2" in plan, provided with an incline extending to water
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: No road from lighthouse to boat house. Boat house is about 110' SW of lighthouse
Means to Reach Light Station: By RR to Pennsgrove, NJ & thence to station by private conveyance.
Distance to Nearest Road: About 1 1/4 miles to a public road. Distance to RR station at Pennsgrove about 4.5 miles by road.
Distance to Post Office: About 3.5 miles by road to Pennsville (Keeper gets mail at Pennsgrove.)
Distance to Village: About 3.5 miles by road to Pennsville, NJ
Facilities for Public Conveyance: None
Facilities for Private Conveyance: There are livery stables in Pennsgrove, distance 4.5 miles & in Pennsville, distance about 3.5 miles.
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Lantern is on frame dwelling, forming lighthouse
Number of Separate Lights: One
First Built or Established: 1876
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date: Poor
Shape of Tower in Plan: No tower, lantern is on same level as 2nd floor of lighthouse
Form of Tower: No tower
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: No tower. Distance on lighthouse is 24'
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 18' 6"
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Trees
Color of Tower: Vertical black band on Channel face of lantern & veranda roof. Remainder of front of lighthouse white, remainder of lighthoue white with lead trimmings
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Lighthouse is painted
Tower Connection: No tower; lantern is a small room on 2nd floor of lighthouse.
Object of Navigation: Channel & range, for general navigating purposes.
Building Materials: Lighthouse is frame structure.
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: About 7"
Wall Thickness at Parapet: About 7"
Diameter at Base: No tower
Diameter at Parapet: No tower
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Lighthouse has wooden stairways
Number of Landings: One
Size of Glass: No tower
Number of Windows and Size of Sash:
Number of Doors: Lighthouse has 18 doors
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Main building has stone foundation. Depth not known.
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Sandy loam
Soil Susceptibility: Is susceptible
Miscellaneous Remarks: Water comes into the lantern during a beating storm & it needs repainting. Side is in fair condition. Fences are in poor condition.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th order range
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass: About 7' from rear wall of lantern to glass
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 4
Type of Bars: None
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 44.5"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: Glass, in front only
Thickness of Plates: About 1/4"
Size of Plates: 1; 44.5" x 42.5"
Number of Storm Panes: None
Unglazed Side of Lantern: 3 sides are unglazed
What Bearings: Glazed side faces down range
Construction Material Lantern: Wood. Ceiling is flat & lined with wood.
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Galvanized Iron
Ventilator / Cowl: Galvanized iron
Lightning Spindle: Galvanized iron
Description of Lightning Rod: Conductor is not attached to spindle, but is starts with a point on right chimney of lighthouse, which is attached to a 5/8" iron pipe extending down to std ground connection.
Balustrade: None
Lantern Doors: Single door, hung on hinges, & provided with a lock & knob, opens into lantern from hallway.
Floor of Lantern: Wood
Watchroom Doors: No watchroom
Parapet Diameter: 6' 11.5" square
Location / Number: 1 ventilator in front wall of lantern, which has a brass disc cover.
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None required
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: 2 brackets carrying sheaves are attached to window jambs. Curtain is operated by means of cord running over 4 sheaves.
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus: Occulting machinery will run 6.5 hours.
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Barbier & Fenestre, Paris
Year Made: Not known
Marks and Number: None, except name above
Order of Apparatus: 4th order range lens
Inside Diameter: No central drum
Light Characteristic: Fixed white 2 seconds eclipse 1 second
Time of Revolution: Not moveable
Flash Interval: 2 seconds
Duration of Flash: 1 second
Arc of Each Fixed Part: Range lens is used
Number of Panels: Range lens is used
Number of Flash Panels: None
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 3
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: Prisms are circular
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: Prisms are circular
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced: Eclipses are produced by a half cylindrical shade, which is lifted & dropped around chimney by clockwork.
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Iron, 41" high
Service Table: Iron, fan shaped & attached to pedestal. It is 34.5" above floor.
Draft Tube Description: Range lens used. It has no tube.
Revolving Machinery: Lens does not revolve. Occulting machinery consists of weight actuated clock
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube: 22' (Weight tube extends to cellar floor)
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time: Occulting machinery will run 6.5 hours.
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection: Glass case
Regulated: By 2-fan governor attached to clockwork
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: No color
Red Sectors Description: No red sector
Where Color Attached: No colored glass
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Constant level, 4th order lamp, Funk-Heap burner, with 1 wick.
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: None
Number of Spare Burners: None
Candle Power:

Clock Cord Description
Revolving Cord:
Size of Clock Cord:
Length of Clock Cord:
How Led: Occulting cord runs from clock down to travelling pulley on floor, thence to 2 single pulleys, attached to ceiling of lantern.
Diameter and Length of Clock Drum:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: No tower. Small closet in lantern, fitted with double hinged doors & shelves & used for storage of lamp supplies.
Oil House Description: Frame oil house, 7' x 7' in plan, located about 15' SE of lighthouse. It has hinged door but no shelves.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): 3 closets & pantry on 1st floor, each having shelves. 4 closets & small storeroom on 2nd floor, each having shelves. These closets are not now in use on account of a change in Keepers.
Suitability: There are 2 closets on 2nd floor which are damp & unsuitable due to leaky roof. Other closets & storeroom are dry & suitable.
Location: Lantern is on dwelling, forming a lighthouse
Coloring: Vertical black band on Channel face of lantern & veranda roof. Remainder of front of lighthouse white, remainder of lighthoue white with lead trimmings
Construction Materials: Frame structure, stone wall foundation.
Number of Rooms: 7
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Frame oil house, frame barn & frame privy
Outhouse Coloring: Buff, with white trimmings
Paths and Walks: Brick
Area Inclosed: About 3 8/10 acres by fences, sea wall & ditches
Area of Garden: None
Area Timber or Shrubbery: None
Cultivation Area Available: None
Area Cultivated: Farming lands
Character of Surroundings: Farming lands
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: From roof of lighthouse through downspouts. Station has a well (but water is not fit for domestic use)
Quality: Good when properly cared for
Quantity: Not ample in a dry season
Injury Possible: Not liable
Purity Precaution: Downspouts have been provided with cut-offs.
Tank Capacity: Cistern under lighthouse, cap. about 3600 gal.
Tank Material: Brick
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description: Driven well, 17' deep
Well Diameter: 1.5"
Well Lining: Lined with 1.5" casing
Pump or Bucket: Pump (pump is broken)
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling: About 20'; Well has not been used for 6 years
General Opinion: Healthful
Diseases: None
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements: No
Access to Lighthouse: Boat house is frame with pile foundation & 10' 2" x 20' 2" in plan. It is provided with wide incline extending down to water.
Distance and Direction: About 110' SW of lighthouse
Miscellaneous Remarks: Station is in poor condition, fences in bad repair. Lighthouse needs repainting. Illuminating apparatus in fair condition, but no spare lamp nor lantern glass on hand.