Report for Cutoff Channel Front Light Station (Maryland) - 1909

District: 5th
Inspector: John Murdoch, Assistant Lighthouse Engineer
Location: Off westerly side of North Point, MD., northerly side of the mouth of Patapsco River, and on the northerly prolongation of the axis of Cutoff Channel
Date of Report: 07/15/1909
Latitude: 39° 11' 49"
Longitude: 76° 26' 55"
Site: Purchase
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 03/19/1821
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 7 acres, 22 perches. Now occupied by Military Station, Fort Howard. Dwelling to be moved.
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil: Loamy
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: Tower in water
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: None
Wharf or Landing on Premises: Wharf
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: Bridge from land to tower about 350' long.
Means to Reach Light Station: By road or boat.
Distance to Nearest Road: Road passes premises
Distance to Post Office: 1/2 mile
Distance to Village: 6.5 miles
Facilities for Public Conveyance: Car, wagon, or boat
Facilities for Private Conveyance: By car, wagon or boat from Baltimore, about 9 miles. Adjoining the Military Reservation.
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Tower
Number of Separate Lights: One
First Built or Established: 1886
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: November, 1908
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: Octagonal
Form of Tower: Pyramidal
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 25' 6"
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 25'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Woods
Color of Tower: Red, with white band
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Detached
Object of Navigation: Channel range to Baltimore harbor
Building Materials: Brick
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 14"
Wall Thickness at Parapet: 14"
Diameter at Base: 10'
Diameter at Parapet: 10'
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wood
Number of Landings: One
Size of Glass: 14" x 21"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 3; 2' 9" x 4'
Number of Doors: 3
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Stone pier; depth not known
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Clay and loam
Soil Susceptibility: Yes
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th order locomotive headlight
Shape of Lantern:
Diameter to Glass:
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: One
Type of Bars:
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 36"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 3/8"
Size of Plates: 36" x 30"
Number of Storm Panes: None
Unglazed Side of Lantern:
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Brick
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Tin
Ventilator / Cowl: Copper
Lightning Spindle: Iron
Description of Lightning Rod: Copper cable; from spindle to side of tower, down to water.
Balustrade: None
Lantern Doors: Wood, fitted with hinges
Floor of Lantern: Wood
Watchroom Doors: None
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: In lower part of lantern walls
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: One, stationary iron
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: To frame of lantern
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: General Depot
Year Made: Not known
Marks and Number: None
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter:
Light Characteristic: Fixed white
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels:
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum:
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum:
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Wood
Service Table: None
Draft Tube Description: None
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Locomotive headlight; one wick
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: One
Number of Spare Burners: None
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: None
Oil House Description: On stone pier outside of tower. Lockbox.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): Under stairway
Suitability: Dry & suited
Location: On mainland, southeasterly, 850'
Coloring: White
Construction Materials: Wood & brick
Number of Rooms: 6
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1 keeper & 1 assistant
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: 2
Outhouse Coloring: White & lead color
Paths and Walks: Wood & brick
Area Inclosed: By picket & wire fences; about 1/3 acre
Area of Garden: None
Area Timber or Shrubbery: None
Cultivation Area Available: None
Area Cultivated: None
Character of Surroundings: Clay & loam
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: From roofs
Quality: Fairly good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: Not liable
Purity Precaution: Cleaned when necessary
Tank Capacity: 10,000 gal.; outside of dwelling
Tank Material: Brick & cement
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Healthy
Diseases: Malarial
Prevalency: Spring & Fall
Local Causes: Swamps in surrounding country
Recommended Improvements:
Access to Lighthouse: Fort wharf & county road.
Distance and Direction: 400' SW
Miscellaneous Remarks: