Report for Craighill Channel Rear Light Station (Maryland) - 1909

District: 5th
Inspector: John Murdoch, Assistant Lighthouse Engineer
Location: On a shoal near the S'ly end of Hart Island, Md.
Date of Report: 08/16/1909
Latitude: 39° 13' 44"
Longitude: 76° 23' 41"
Site: Submarine
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site:
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark:
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence:
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By boat
Distance to Nearest Road: 1.5 miles to RR; 2.5 miles to public road.
Distance to Post Office: 4 miles
Distance to Village: 4 miles
Facilities for Public Conveyance: Wagon, railroad, or small boat
Facilities for Private Conveyance: Wagon or small boat
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Dwelling surmounted by tower
Number of Separate Lights: One
First Built or Established: 1873
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: September, 1905
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: Square
Form of Tower: Pyramidal
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 41'
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 105'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Woods
Color of Tower: Brown
Color of Tower/ How Produced: By paint
Tower Connection: Extending above roof of dwelling
Object of Navigation: Ragen; general purposes
Building Materials: Wood, covered with corrugated iron
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 6"
Wall Thickness at Parapet: 6"
Diameter at Base: 40'
Diameter at Parapet: 8'
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wood
Number of Landings: 21
Size of Glass: 4 windows 11 3/4" x 19"; 8 windows 10" x 12"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 4 sash 14" x 42 1/4"; 14 sash 24" x 27"
Number of Doors: 4
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Stone piers, 9 in all, on piles & grillage
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Mud & sand
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern: Square
Diameter to Glass:
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 4
Type of Bars:
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 44"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 3/8"
Size of Plates: 44" x 44"
Number of Storm Panes: None
Unglazed Side of Lantern:
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Wood
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Tin
Ventilator / Cowl: Copper
Lightning Spindle: Brass
Description of Lightning Rod: Copper wire cable, fastened to spindle, led over roof to side of tower to column & water
Balustrade: Wood
Lantern Doors: Wood, fitted with hinges to frame of lantern
Floor of Lantern: Wood
Watchroom Doors: Wood, fitted with hinges to frame of lantern
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: Lower part of lantern
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Screwed into frame of lantern

How is Watchroom Fitted: Stove, service table & shelves
How is Relief Called:
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Henry LePaute, Paris
Year Made: Not known
Marks and Number: None
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter: 26 1/4"
Light Characteristic: Fixed white
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels: 4
Number of Flash Panels: None
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 7
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum:
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum:
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Iron
Service Table: None
Draft Tube Description: None
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Improved, one wick
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 2
Number of Spare Burners: None
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: 1, fitted with shelves, for general purposes
Oil House Description: Placed on lower floor of dwelling
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): On main floor, fitted with shleves for general purposes
Suitability: Dry & suitable
Location: Under tower
Coloring: White
Construction Materials: Wood
Number of Rooms: 8
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 2
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouse Coloring:
Paths and Walks:
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available:
Area Cultivated:
Character of Surroundings:
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: Roof
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: Not liable
Purity Precaution: By cleaning tanks once each year.
Tank Capacity: 4 tanks, 250 gal each; on 1st floor of house
Tank Material: Iron
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Generally Healthy
Diseases: Malarial
Prevalency: Spring & fall
Local Causes: Marshes
Recommended Improvements: