Report for Craighill Channel Front Lightstation (Maryland) - 1909

District: 5th
Inspector: John Murdoch, Assistant Lighthouse Engineer
Location: In Chesapeake Bay, MD., near the mouth of the Patapsco River, on the N'ly prolongation of the axis of Craighill Channel
Date of Report: 07/15/1909
Latitude: 39° 11' 19"
Longitude: 76° 23' 41"
Site: Submarine
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site:
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark:
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence:
Wharf or Landing on Premises:
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By boat
Distance to Nearest Road: RR station 2.5 miles
Distance to Post Office: 3 miles
Distance to Village: 7 miles
Facilities for Public Conveyance: None
Facilities for Private Conveyance: By boat from Baltimore, 7 miles
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Dwelling
Number of Separate Lights: 2
First Built or Established: 1873
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: 1902
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: No tower
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 39' upper light; 21 3/4' range lens
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Water
Color of Tower:
Color of Tower/ How Produced:
Tower Connection:
Object of Navigation: General purposes
Building Materials:
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wood
Number of Landings: 2
Size of Glass: 1st floor: 8" x 12" glass, 6 panes each; parapet: 8" x 10" glass 4 panes to window.
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 8 box windows on 1st floor, sash 2' 5" x 2' 10"; 4 box windows in parapet.
Number of Doors: 14
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: 8' below ground line. Pile grillage & iron cylinder filled with concrete.
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 5th
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass: 7' 1"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 8
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 36.5" upper; 1 glass in range chamber, 36"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 3/8"
Size of Plates: 36.5" x 27 3/8" upper; 36" x 30" lower or range.
Number of Storm Panes: None
Unglazed Side of Lantern:
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Iron & copper
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Copper & iron
Ventilator / Cowl: Copper
Lightning Spindle: Iron
Description of Lightning Rod: Copper, led to roof & caisson
Balustrade: Iron
Lantern Doors: Iron, fitted with hinges to frame of lantern
Floor of Lantern: Wood
Watchroom Doors: None
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: Lower part of lantern
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: A small wooden ladder
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Fitted to frame of lantern
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Henry LePaute, Paris
Year Made: Not known
Marks and Number: Noen
Order of Apparatus: 5th
Inside Diameter: 14 3/4"
Light Characteristic: Fixed white
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels: 4
Number of Flash Panels: None
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Iron
Service Table: Wood, covered with sheet zinc
Draft Tube Description: None
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Improved, one wick
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 2 5th order & 2 constant level for range lens
Number of Spare Burners: None
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: None
Oil House Description: In cellar, on floor of same.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): 5 closets: 4 on 1st, 1 on 2nd floor; fitted with shelves, for general purposes.
Suitability: Dry & suitable
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: No. 3 Gamewell Fog bell machine
Time to Start: 2 minutes
How Long Will Pressure Last:
Manufacturer: Gamewell Fire Alarm Telegraph Co., Boston, Mass.
Year of Manufacture: Not known
Characteristic: Single blow at alternate intervals of 3 & 30 secs.
Duplication: None
Timing Device:
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown:
Height Above Water:
Compass Direction:
Distance and Direction:
Water Supply:
Reached from Lighthouse:
Description of Fog Signal Building:
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Bell Signal
Weight: 1000 lbs
Metal: Bell metal
Diameter: 30"
Height: 24"
Time: 1 hour 30 minutes
Weights for Operation:
Location: Dwelling supports the lantern
Coloring: Brown
Construction Materials: Iron & wood
Number of Rooms: 4
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: One each
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouse Coloring:
Paths and Walks:
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available:
Area Cultivated:
Character of Surroundings:
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: From roof
Quality: Fair
Quantity: Not quite sufficient during dry season
Injury Possible: Not Liable
Purity Precaution: Tanks are cleaned in Spring & Fall
Tank Capacity: 2 tanks, 750 gals.
Tank Material: Iron; placed in cellar
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Healthy
Diseases: Malarial
Prevalency: Spring & Fall
Local Causes: Swamps in surrounding country.
Recommended Improvements: