Report for Cove Point (Maryland) - 1867

District: 5th
Inspector: J.M. Berrien, Inspector 5th District
Location: W side Chesapeake Bay
Date of Report: 09/13/1867
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site:
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark:
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Grounds around the house & tower are enclosed by a board fence.
Wharf or Landing on Premises:
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station:
Distance to Nearest Road:
Distance to Post Office:
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Detached tower
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established:
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water:
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea:
Color of Tower: White
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Whitewashed
Tower Connection:
Object of Navigation:
Building Materials: Tower is built of brick.
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wood. Whitewashed & clean, requires some repairs.
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass: Very clean & in good condition.
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: Window frames of wood in good condition.
Number of Doors:
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface:
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks: In storms tower leaks at the windows.
Location / Number:
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: There is 1 ladder for use about the dwelling, none other.
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: There is none provided.

How is Watchroom Fitted:
How is Relief Called: There was no bell for calling relief.
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker:
Year Made:
Marks and Number:
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter:
Light Characteristic: Revolving white
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval: 1' 30"
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels:
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum:
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum:
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description:
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Lens of 4th order. Franklin lamp.
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 1 in good condition.
Number of Spare Burners: 2 in good condition.
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use:
Oil House Description:
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): There is a closet provided for the preservation of utensils, wicks, chimneys and cleaning materials. Paints, oils, spirits of turpentine, paint-brushes, etc. are kept in one corner of the oil room.
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: Fog signal struck by machinery.
Time to Start:
How Long Will Pressure Last:
Year of Manufacture:
Characteristic: 1 stroke every 10 seconds.
Timing Device:
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown:
Height Above Water:
Compass Direction:
Distance and Direction:
Water Supply:
Reached from Lighthouse:
Description of Fog Signal Building:
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Construction Materials:
Number of Rooms:
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers:
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouse Coloring:
Paths and Walks:
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available:
Area Cultivated: None
Character of Surroundings:
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
Lamps: Regulation clock at this station kept in the sitting room of dwelling. It requires cleaning to put it in good condition.
Access to Lighthouse:
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: There are 2 acres of gov't ground about 1/4 mile from the Lighthouse which if fenced in might produce a great many vegetables.
Lantern: In very good condition.
Illuminating Apparatus: In good condition - the lens perfectly clean in all its parts.
Service Lamp: It was in good condition in every respect.
Oil: Specimen examined & found to be free from all objectionable matter. It had been filtered.
Service Lamp Burner: It was clean & in perfect order.
Service Lamp Burner Level: It was found to be level.
Plate Glass: Very clean, free from scratches, stains etc., but several of the panes were cracked.
Lens Cover: It was on; was clean made of cotton ticking & when not in use is kept in lantern room.
Lantern Curtains: There were none
Carillon or Alarm Bell: There was no alarm bell.
Rod Lamp: There is a rod lamp belonging to the station. It had been sent away for repairs.
Dwelling: Dwelling was in good condition so far as related to cleanliness. Walls & ceiling require some repairs.
Stairway and Landing: Very clean; no paint but whitewashed.
Inside of Tower: Thoroughly whitewashed & perfectly clean & dry.
Glazing of Dwelling: Glazing was in good condition.
Improvements Needed: Walls of dwelling require some repairs, also belfry stands in need of repairs.
Outhouses: Very good
Boathouse: There are none
Grounds: They are in very good condition; but the 2 acres lying about 1/4 mile from lighthouse require fencing in. Grounds have the appearance of neatness and care.

Equipment Care
Does Keeper Understand the Use and Care of
Lens: Lens is never touched improperly.
Lantern and Trap Doors: Trap door fits tightly but the lantern door does not.
Watch or Trimming Room: These articles were all in their proper places & not to be seen.
Lucernes or Matches: There were none of these articles to be seen in the lantern, watch or trimming room
Heater: There is no heater at this station.
Ventilation: Keeper understands use of ventilators & how to air the bldg.
Dome: They were painted according to instructions; but the lightning conductor was broken & should be repaired.

Oil Room
Oil Room Condition: It was in good condition, very clean & dry.
Oil Carriers: They were in good condition & arranged in order for use.
Number of 100 Gallon Oil Butts: 1
Number of 50 Gallon Oil Butts: 1
Number of Small Butts for Waste Oil:
Number of Dripping Buckets:
Number of Oil Tanks: 2 holding 150 gallons
Oil Butts Made According to Regulation: They are made according to the directions of the Lighthouse Board with air tight covers & cocks.
Oil Butt Covers: Keeper understands use of the covers & oil cocks, but having a limited supply of refuse oil had failed to fill the gutters of the oil butts.
Drip Bucket Placement: There was a dripping bucket so hung.
Oil Butt Platform: Oil butts are raised well above the masonry, upon a small platform of plank made for the purpose.
Empty Oil Butts: There was no empty oil butt.

Tool Chests and Presses
Cleaning Materials Put Away: They are so put up & packed
Paints Separate: They are kept separate
Tool Chest: There is a tool chest
Tool Condition: Tool chest is in good condition.
Tools Free from Rust: Tools require greasing. Keeper was requested to attend to it.
Closets Clean: They are kept properly aired.
Service Box In Good Order: They are well arranged & kept in good order.
Trimming Scissors Clean: Yes, very clean.
Brushes and Floor Clothes: They were in very good order & in their places.
Lantern Condition: Very good

Keeper and Assistants
Keeper Appearance: He is very much so
Keeper Interested in Duties: Every interest
Keeper Capacity for Duties: He showed good capacity for his duties & a wish to gain information.
Keeper Understanding of Regulations: He seems to understand & he wishes to conform to the Rules & Regulations.
Keeper Complaints:
Keeper Family: Keeper's family occupy dwelling with him.
Keeper Name: Chas. M. Hagelin
Keeper Age: Aged
Keeper Present or Absent: He was present
Number of Assistants: There is no assistant allowed here.
Assistants Attend to Duty:
Assistants Capability:
Assistants Complaints:
Assistants Family:
Assistant Keeper Names:
Did Principal and Assistant Keepers Accompany the Inspector?: Keeper accompanied me into the lantern, through the dwelling & over the grounds, while making the inspection.

Account and Regulations Books
Account Books
Daily Expenditures Posted: Yes
Quarterly Returns on Hand: Yes
Receipt and Expenditure Accounts Kept: Yes
Shipwreck and Vessels Passed Book: These books are not kept & as keeper states, have never been kept at this light station.
Regulations, Instructions, and Directions
Rules and Regulations Copies: 1
Instructions and Directions Copies: 1
Placard Directions Copies: 1
Notice to Visitors Copies: 2
Summary of Duties:
Index of Instructions:
Guide for Mixed Paints:
Directions for Purifying Water:
Placards Easily Visible: All the placards the station has are so hung.
Books Easily Accessible: Yes
Blank Books and Forms: 1 set blank for quarterly returns.

Revolving Machinery Condition
Revolving Machinery: It was in good condition; regular in its working, interval of flash 1' 30"
Weight of Machine: Weight of revolving machinery is placed durint the day according to the Instructions.
Screwjacks for Raising Machinery: There are none of these at this station.