Report for Cove Point Light Station (Maryland) - 1927

District: 5th
Inspector: T. S. Johnson, Associate Engineer
Location: On end of Cove Point, Maryland
Date of Report: 09/30/1927
Latitude: 38° 23' 10"
Longitude: 76° 22' 55"
Site: Secured by deed from Garcas G. Browne.
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 06/14/1828
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 2 acres
Area Inclosed: 2 acres
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: 10'
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Mesh wire on concrete posts
Wharf or Landing on Premises:
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By automobile or afoot 1 miles to Cove Point P.O. Md.
Distance to Nearest Road:
Distance to Post Office:
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Brick tower
Number of Separate Lights: One
First Built or Established: 1828
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: Dwelling was rebuilt 1925
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 45'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Woodland
Color of Tower: White
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Whitewashed
Tower Connection: Detached
Object of Navigation: Guide for vessels navigating Chesapeake Bay & entering Patuxent River.
Building Materials: Brick & Iron
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wooden treads, 1 3/4" thick resting on tower wall.
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass: 8" x 10"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 3-12 lights 8" x 10".
Number of Doors: One entrance door 3' 6" x 7' 0"
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface:
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern: Cylindrical - 12 plates
Diameter to Glass:
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides:
Type of Bars: Helical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 36"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: Cylindrical
Thickness of Plates: 1/4" thick
Size of Plates: 1/4" thick
Number of Storm Panes:
Unglazed Side of Lantern: None
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Cast iron
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Cast iron
Ventilator / Cowl: None
Lightning Spindle: Copper
Description of Lightning Rod:
Balustrade: Cast iron
Lantern Doors: Iron- bolted & hinged
Floor of Lantern: Iron
Watchroom Doors: Iron, bolted & hinged.
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: Lower part of lantern
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: One wooden step ladder.
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Screwed into iron fence

How is Watchroom Fitted: Trimming table, service box & equipment for I.O.V. light
How is Relief Called: Thermostat
Where is Call System Led: Watchroom
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus: 6.5 hours
Intensity in Candles: 2900 cp
Name of Maker: Barbier & Benard BB
Year Made: No mark
Marks and Number: USLHE 404, Paris 1897
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter: 20"
Light Characteristic: Occulting white, 30 sec light, 21 sec, eclipse 9 sec.
Time of Revolution: 1 rev in 60 sec.
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels: 6
Number of Flash Panels: 2
Arc of Each: 90 degrees
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: True
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: 4 brass posts mounted on iron plates
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description: None
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls: On balls
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube: 40'
Clock Weight: 50 lbs
Length of Winding Time: 6.5 hours
Drive During Rewind: No
Machinery Protection: Glass case - No. 25 Type C clock
Regulated: Fan governor
Lens Protection: Linen cover
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description: None
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass: White
Lamp Description: 4th order
Type of Illuminant: Kerosene
Number of Spare Lamps:
Number of Spare Burners:
Candle Power: 600 cp

Clock Cord Description
Revolving Cord: Wire rope
Size of Clock Cord: 3/16"
Length of Clock Cord: 160'
How Led: Down center of tower
Diameter and Length of Clock Drum: 4" x 7"

Chariot Balls
Balls Description: Semi-circular
Cage to Separate Balls: False
Number of Balls: 19
Diameter of Balls: 1/2"

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: One
Diameter of Outside Wick:
Diameter of Mantel: 35 m.m.
Diameter of Circum Circle:

Occulting Light
Characteristic: Light 21 sec, elcipse 9 sec
Time Limit: None
Eclipse Type:
Size and Amplitude:
Axis Rotation:
Axis Relation:
Screen Revolution:
Screen Number:
Screen Time:
Screen Form:
Screen Mounting:
Screen Order:
Screen Date:
Valve Maker:
Valve Pattern:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: Fitted with shelves & used for storage of small parts I.O.V. apparatus
Oil House Description: One 1200 gal. oil stoage tank outside of tower piped to interior of oil house.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material: Steel
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): Small closet in watchroom fitted with shelves & hooks.
Suitability: Dry, suitable
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: 3rd class Diaphone & hand bell
Time to Start: 5 min.
How Long Will Pressure Last: No time
Year of Manufacture:
Characteristic: 3 sec blast, 12 sec silent
Duplication: None
Timing Device: 3rd district belt & worm driven
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown: 40 lbs
Height Above Water: 15'
Compass Direction: East
Distance and Direction:
Water Supply: Artesian well & rain water
Reached from Lighthouse:
Description of Fog Signal Building: Frame 12 x 16 tin roof one story high, gable roof 1/3 pitch
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Bell Signal
Weight: 200 lbs.
Metal: Bronze
Diameter: 16"
Height: 18
Manufacturer: No name; Bell sounded by pulling cord attached to clapper
Weights for Operation:

Internal Combustion Signal
Fog Signal Kind:
Internal Combustion Kind:
Internal Combustion Manufacturer: Wertz & Weiss
Internal Combustion Date: 7/23/1897
Internal Combustion Size:
Internal Combustion Horsepower: 8.5
Internal Combustion Fuel: Kerosene
Internal Combustion Starter: Torch applied to bell
Compressor Maker: Ingersoll Sargeant Drill Co.
Compressor Seat: Belt driven.
Compressor Machinery: Air compressor driven by 7" wide leather belt, friction clutch from main engine.
Compressor Diameter:
Compressor Stroke:
Compressor RPMs:
Character of Air Inlet:
Kind of Unloader:
Diameter of Delivery Pipe:

Daboll Signal
Daboll: 3rd
Daboll Reed:
Daboll Length: 8.5"
Daboll Breadth: 2 1/4"
Daboll Base Thickness: 3/8"
Daboll Tip Thickness: 9/32"

Trumpet Signal
Trumpet Length: 12'
Trumpet Diameter: 4" & 20"
Trumpet Material: Copper
Location: About 40' from tower
Coloring: Portland cement wash
Construction Materials: Stucco on frame & stone
Number of Rooms: 5
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant: W-2004 3B Am Rod Co.
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: 2 garages, 2 privys
Outhouse Coloring: White sides, brown tin roof.
Paths and Walks: Cement
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available: None
Area Cultivated: None
Character of Surroundings: Sandy & woodland
Stove, Maker: Imp. New Balto.
Stove, Size: # 700
Sink, Maker: Gould
Sink, Size: 16 x 30
Pump, Maker: Pitcher #2
Pump, Size:
Assistant Keepers Dwellings
Location: See main dwelling
Construction Materials:
Number of Rooms:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers:
Outhouse Coloring:
Paths and Walks:
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available:
Area Cultivated:
Character of Surroundings:
Stove, Maker: Roland
Stove, Size: #851
Sink, Maker: Gould
Sink, Size: 16 x 30
Pump, Maker: Pitcher # 2
Pump, Size:
How Procured: Artesian well & cistern
Quality: Very good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: No
Purity Precaution: Wash roof off before water enters cistern
Tank Capacity: 800 gal,
Tank Material: Concrete
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description: Artesian well, 480' deep
Well Diameter: 1.5" pipe
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket: Natural flow, 4 gal. per minute
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling: 10'
General Opinion: Good
Diseases: None
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements: None needed
Access to Lighthouse: Small boats land on sand beach at station. Road to light station is poor, as it is made of cedar brush on loose sand.
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Boat Number: 300
Type: Skiff
Length: 4' - 6'
Width: 14'
When Built:
Date Harbored at Station:
Sails: False
Suited to Work: Yes